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A section of the Egyptian Book of the Dead written on papyrus showing the Weighing of the Heart in Duat where Anubis can be seen on the far right, the scales are shown with the feather balance, and Ammit awaits hearts that she must devour - the presence of Osiris at the gateway to the paradise of Aaru dates the papyrus to a late tradition of the myth. In Egyptian mythology , Duat [ pronunciation? ] (also Tuat and Tuaut or Akert , Amenthes , Amenti , or Neter-khertet ) is the underworld . The Duat is a vast area under the Earth, connected with Nun , the waters of the primordial abyss. The Duat is the realm of the god Osiris and the residence of other gods and supernatural beings. It is the region through which the sun god Ra travels from west to east during the night, and where he battled Apep .
Gods and Godesses of Duat
Ammit ( pron.: / ˈ æ m ɨ t / ; "devourer" or "soul-eater"; also spelled Ammut or Ahemait) was a female demon in ancient Egyptian religion with a body that was part lion , hippopotamus and crocodile —the three largest "man-eating" animals known to ancient Egyptians. A funerary deity, her titles included "Devourer of the Dead", "Eater of Hearts ", and "Great of Death". Ammit lived near the scales of justice in Duat , the Egyptian underworld .
This detail scene, from the Papyrus of Hunefer (ca. 1275 B.C.), shows the scribe Hunefer's heart being weighed on the scale of Maat against the feather of truth, by the jackal-headed Anubis . The Ibis-headed Thoth , scribe of the gods, records the result. If his heart is lighter than the feather, Hunefer is allowed to pass into the afterlife. If not, he is eaten by the waiting chimeric devouring creature Ammit composed of the deadly crocodile, lion, and hippopotamus. Vignettes such as these were a common illustration in Egyptian books of the dead. The Book of the Dead is an ancient Egyptian funerary text , used from the beginning of the New Kingdom (around 1550 BCE) to around 50 BCE. [ 1 ] The original Egyptian name for the text, transliterated rw nw prt m hrw [ 2 ] is translated as "Book of Coming Forth by Day". [ 3 ] Another translation would be "Book of emerging forth into the Light".
Apep ( pron.: / ˈ æ ˌ p ɛ p / or / ˈ ɑː ˌ p ɛ p / ) or Apophis ( pron.: / ˈ æ p ə f ɨ s / ; Ancient Greek : Άποφις ; also spelled Apepi or Aapep) was an evil god in ancient Egyptian religion , the deification of darkness and chaos ( ı͗zft in Egyptian), and thus opponent of light and Ma'at (order/ truth ), whose existence was believed from the 8th Dynasty (mentioned at Moalla) onwards. His name is reconstructed by Egyptologists as * ʻAʼpāpī , as it was written ꜥꜣpp(y) and survived in later Coptic as Aphōph . [ edit ] Development