History of Latin. Approximate distribution of languages in Iron Age Italy during the 6th century BC.
Latin is confined to Latium, a small region on the coast of west central Italy, hemmed in by other Italic peoples on the east and south and the powerful Etruscan civilization on the north. Latin is a member of the broad family of Italic languages. Its alphabet, the Latin alphabet, emerged from the Old Italic alphabets, which in turn were derived from the Greek and Phoenician scripts. Historical Latin came from the prehistoric language of the Latium region, specifically around the River Tiber, where Roman civilization first developed. How and when Latin came to be spoken by the Romans are questions that have long been debated. Surviving Latin literature consists almost entirely of Classical Latin in its broadest definition.
Origins The Italic languages form a centum subfamily of the Indo-European language family. Consonants are generally more stable. History of Latin. Polish language. Polish (język polski, polszczyzna) is a language of the Lechitic subgroup of West Slavic languages, used throughout Poland (being that country's official language) and by Polish minorities in other countries.
Its written standard is the Polish alphabet, which has several additions to the letters of the basic Latin script. Despite the pressure of non-Polish administrations in Poland (during the 19th and early 20th centuries) resulting from Partitions of Poland, who often attempted to suppress the Polish language, a rich literature has developed over the centuries, and the language is currently the largest, in terms of speakers, of the West Slavic group. It is also the second most widely spoken Slavic language, after Russian and ahead of Ukrainian. Geographic distribution Poland is the most linguistically homogeneous European country; nearly 97% of Poland's citizens declare Polish as their mother tongue. UK Quotations - Source of Famous Quotes. History of the Irish language. Early history The history of the Irish language begins with the arrival of speakers of Celtic languages in Ireland.
This predates the recorded history of the island and is an open question, debated by linguists and archaeologists. Some scholars put the earliest date at ca. 1200 BC, while others posit dates between 2600 and 2000 BC. Primitive Irish Scottish Gaelic. Scottish Gaelic (Scottish Gaelic: Gàidhlig; [ˈkaːlikʲ] listen ), sometimes also called Gaelic, is a Celtic language native to Scotland.
A member of the Goidelic branch of the Celtic languages, Scottish Gaelic, like Modern Irish and Manx, developed out of Middle Irish, and thus descends ultimately from Old Irish. The 2001 census of Scotland showed that a total of 58,652 (1.2% of the Scottish population aged over three years old) in Scotland could speak Gaelic at that time, with the Outer Hebrides being the main stronghold of the language. The census results indicate a decline of 7,300 Gaelic speakers from 1991. Urban Dictionary, February 5: Pittsburgh Left.
Welsh language. Welsh (Cymraeg or y Gymraeg, pronounced [kəmˈrɑːɨɡ, ə ɡəmˈrɑːɨɡ]) is a member of the Brythonic branch of the Celtic languages spoken natively in Wales, by some along the Welsh border in England, and in Y Wladfa (the Welsh colony in Chubut Province, Argentina). Historically it has also been known in English as "the British tongue", "Cambrian", "Cambric" and "Cymric". The 2011 UK Census counted almost 3 million residents of Wales.
Of these, 73% (2.2 million) reported having no Welsh language skills. A greeting in Welsh is one of 55 languages included on the Voyager Golden Record chosen to be representative of Earth in NASA's Voyager program launched in 1977. The greetings are unique to each language, with the Welsh greeting being Iechyd da i chwi yn awr ac yn oesoedd, which translates into English as "Good health to you now and forever". Top 10 Most Spoken Languages In The World. Our World Language is perhaps the most important function of the human body – it allows us to get sustenance as a child, it allows us to get virtually anything we want as an adult, and it allows us many hours of entertainment through literature, radio, music, and films.
This list (in order of least to most spoken) summarizes the most important languages in use today. Number of speakers: 129 million Often called the most romantic language in the world, French is spoken in tons of countries, including Belgium, Canada, Rwanda, Cameroon, and Haiti. Oh, and France too. To say “hello” in French, say “Bonjour” (bone-JOOR). Number of speakers: 159 million Malay-Indonesian is spoken – surprise – in Malaysia and Indonesia. Indonesia is a fascinating place; a nation made up of over 13,000 islands it is the sixth most populated country in the world.
To say “hello” in Indonesian, say “Selamat pagi” (se-LA-maht PA-gee). List of languages by number of native speakers. Current distribution of human language families The following tables list languages of the world with the largest number of native speakers, as estimated in various ways at different times by various sources.
Since the definition of a single language is to some extent arbitrary, some mutually intelligible idioms with separate national standards or self-identification have been listed together, including Indonesian and Malay; Croatian, Bosnian, and Serbian; etc. History of French. French is a Romance language (meaning that it is descended primarily from Vulgar Latin) that evolved out of the Gallo-Romance dialects spoken in northern France.
The discussion of the history of a language is typically divided into "external history", describing the ethnic, political, social, technological, and other changes that affected the languages, and "internal history", describing the phonological and grammatical changes undergone by the language itself. For the history of phonological changes, see: Phonological history of French. External history Roman Gaul (Gallia) Before the Roman conquest of what is now France by Julius Cæsar(58–52 BC), much of France was inhabited by Celtic-speaking peoples referred to by the Romans as Gauls and Belgae.
Some sound changes are attested. These two changes sometimes had a cumulative effect in French: Latin capsa → *kaχsa → caisse (vs. History of the English language. English is a West Germanic language that originated from the Anglo-Frisian dialects, brought to Britain by Germanic invaders and/or settlers from the places which are now called North West Germany and the Netherlands.
It uses a vocabulary unlike other European languages of the same era. A large portion of the modern English vocabulary came from the Anglo-Norman languages. English is considered a "borrowing" language. Middle English differed from Old English because of two invasions which occurred during the Middle Ages. The 1st invasion was by peoples who spoke North Germanic languages. Proto-English Translate. Origin of language. Sounds Familiar? What you can hear You can listen to 71 sound recordings and over 600 short audio clips chosen from two collections of the British Library Sound Archive: the Survey of English Dialects and the Millennium Memory Bank.
You’ll hear Londoners discussing marriage and working life, Welsh teenagers talking with pride about being bilingual and the Aristocracy chatting about country houses. You can explore the links between present-day Geordie and our Anglo-Saxon and Viking past or discover why Northern Irish accents are a rich blend of seventeenth century English and Scots. You can study changes in pronunciation among the middle classes or find out how British Asians express their linguistic identity. What you can do.