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Approximate distribution of languages in Iron Age Italy during the 6th century BC.
Polish ( język polski , polszczyzna ) is a language of the Lechitic subgroup of West Slavic languages , [ 3 ] used throughout Poland (being that country's official language ) and by Polish minorities in other countries.
The history of the Irish language covers the period from the arrival of speakers of Celtic languages in Ireland to Irelands earliest known form of Irish, Primitive Irish , is found in Ogham inscriptions dating from the 3rd or 4th century. [ 1 ] After the conversion to Christianity in the 5th century, Old Irish begins to appear as glosses and other marginalia in Latin manuscripts , beginning in the 6th century. It evolved in the 10th century to Middle Irish . Early Modern Irish, otherwise known as Classical Irish or Classical Gaelic , was a literary language that represented a transition between Middle and Modern Irish .
Scottish Gaelic ( Gàidhlig ; [ˈkaːlikʲ] listen ) is a Celtic language native to Scotland .
Welsh ( Cymraeg or y Gymraeg , pronounced [kəmˈrɑːɨɡ, ə ɡəmˈrɑːɨɡ] ) is a member of the Brythonic branch of the Celtic languages spoken natively in Wales , by some along the Welsh border in England , and in Y Wladfa (the Welsh colony in Chubut Province , Argentina ). [ 7 ] Historically, it has also been known in English as "the British tongue", [ 8 ] "Cambrian", [ 9 ] "Cambric" [ 10 ] and "Cymric". [ 11 ] In the 2011 UK Census 19% (562,000) of Welsh residents aged three and over reported being able to speak Welsh, of whom 77% (431,000) were able to speak, read and write the language; 73% of Welsh residents (2.2 million), reported having no skills. [ 12 ] This can be compared with the 2001 census, in which 20.8% of the population (575,061) reported being able to speak Welsh, of whom 57% (315,000) considered themselves fluent. [ 13 ]
Language is perhaps the most important function of the human body – it allows us to get sustenance as a child, it allows us to get virtually anything we want as an adult, and it allows us many hours of entertainment through literature, radio, music, and films. This list (in order of least to most spoken) summarizes the most important languages in use today.
Current distribution of human language families
French is a Romance language (meaning that it is descended primarily from Vulgar Latin ) that evolved out of the Gallo-Romance dialects spoken in northern France. The discussion of the history of a language is typically divided into "external history", describing the ethnic, political, social, technological, and other changes that affected the languages, and "internal history", describing the phonological and grammatical changes undergone by the language itself.
English is a West Germanic language that originated from the Anglo-Frisian dialects brought to Britain by Germanic invaders and/or settlers from various parts of what is now northwest Germany and the Netherlands .
The origin of language in the human species has been the topic of scholarly discussions for several centuries. In spite of this, there is no consensus on its ultimate origin or age.
What you can hear You can listen to 71 sound recordings and over 600 short audio clips chosen from two collections of the British Library Sound Archive: the Survey of English Dialects and the Millennium Memory Bank. You’ll hear Londoners discussing marriage and working life, Welsh teenagers talking with pride about being bilingual and the Aristocracy chatting about country houses.