The life expectancy for men is 54 years, and 57 years for women. The country's area is 246,201 sq miles. Somalia is a democratic country and their current president is Mohamad. Culture of Somalia - history, people, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social, dress. Alternative Names Somali Democratic Republic, Soomaaliya (in Somali) Orientation.
Somalia - History Background - Somalis, Educational, Language, and Education. The Somali Democratic Republic is located in northeast Africa, in the region known as the Horn of Africa.
Its neighbors include Djibouti to the northwest, Ethiopia to the west, and Kenya to the southwest. To the north, the Gulf of Aden separates it from the Arabian peninsula, and the Indian Ocean borders its eastern and southern regions. There are about 8 million Somalis, 60 percent of whom are pastoral nomads. The Somalis are united by a common language, a common culture, and the Islamic religion, but they are deeply divided among various clans. Somalia profile - Overview. Created in 1960 from a former British protectorate and an Italian colony, Somalia collapsed into anarchy following the overthrow of the military regime of President Siad Barre in 1991.
As rival warlords tore the country apart into clan-based fiefdoms, an internationally-backed unity government formed in 2000 struggled to establish control, and the two relatively peaceful northern regions of Somaliland and Puntland effectively broke away. The seizure of the capital Mogadishu and much of the country's south by a coalition of Islamist shariah courts in 2006 prompted an intervention by Ethiopian, and later, African Union, forces. Since 2012, when a new internationally-backed government was installed, Somalia has been inching towards stability, but the new authorities still face a challenge from Al-Qaeda-aligned Al-Shabab insurgents. President: Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed. Image result for somalia ma. Image result for background information somali.