Normal distribution. In probability theory, the normal (or Gaussian) distribution is a very commonly occurring continuous probability distribution—a function that tells the probability that an observation in some context will fall between any two real numbers. Normal distributions are extremely important in statistics and are often used in the natural and social sciences for real-valued random variables whose distributions are not known. The normal distribution is immensely useful because of the central limit theorem, which states that, under mild conditions, the mean of many random variables independently drawn from the same distribution is distributed approximately normally, irrespective of the form of the original distribution: physical quantities that are expected to be the sum of many independent processes (such as measurement errors) often have a distribution very close to the normal.
The Gaussian distribution is sometimes informally called the bell curve. A normal distribution is The factor . . Living in the Present Is a Disorder | Wired Opinion. The opening titles sequence of Game of Thrones conveys a presentist style. Image: HBO We’re living in the now, we no longer have a sense of future direction, and we have a completely new relationship to time. That’s the premise of Douglas Rushkoff’s latest book Present Shock: When Everything Happens Now, a sort-of update to Alvin Toffler’s influential Future Shock from decades ago.
I met Rushkoff back when I was editor of the cyberpunk magazine Mondo 2000, when he was working on his first book about digital culture. But the original publishers canceled that book, thinking the internet was a fad and would be over by the time it hit stands. The internet is still with us (to put it mildly) … so Rushkoff’s latest book is for everybody. R.U. Douglas Rushkoff: Narrative Collapse is what happens when we no longer have time in which to tell a story. Think Game of Thrones. Remote controls and DVRs give us the ability to break down narratives — particularly the more abusive ones. R.U. R.U. R.U. Decision theory. Normative and descriptive decision theory Since people usually do not behave in ways consistent with axiomatic rules, often their own, leading to violations of optimality, there is a related area of study, called a positive or descriptive discipline, attempting to describe what people will actually do.
Since the normative, optimal decision often creates hypotheses for testing against actual behaviour, the two fields are closely linked. Furthermore it is possible to relax the assumptions of perfect information, rationality and so forth in various ways, and produce a series of different prescriptions or predictions about behaviour, allowing for further tests of the kind of decision-making that occurs in practice. In recent decades, there has been increasing interest in what is sometimes called 'behavioral decision theory' and this has contributed to a re-evaluation of what rational decision-making requires. What kinds of decisions need a theory?
Choice under uncertainty Recognition primed decision. Recognition-primed decision (RPD) is a model of how people make quick, effective decisions when faced with complex situations. In this model, the decision maker is assumed to generate a possible course of action, compare it to the constraints imposed by the situation, and select the first course of action that is not rejected. RPD has been described in diverse groups including Whitewater kayaking Trauma nurses, fireground commanders, chess players, commercial Whitewater river guides and stock market traders.
It functions well in conditions of time pressure, and in which information is partial and goals poorly defined. The limitations of RPD include the need for extensive experience among decision-makers (in order to correctly recognize the salient features of a problem and model solutions) and the problem of the failure of recognition and modeling in unusual or misidentified circumstances.
It appears[to whom?] To be a valid model for how human decision-makers make decisions. Gary A. Brain Study | Learning about the brain, body and how it all connects. Carl Jung. Carl Gustav Jung (/jʊŋ/; German: [ˈkarl ˈɡʊstaf jʊŋ]; 26 July 1875 – 6 June 1961), often referred to as C.
G. Jung, was a Swiss psychiatrist and psychotherapist who founded analytical psychology. Jung proposed and developed the concepts of the collective unconscious, archetypes, and extraversion and introversion. His work has been influential not only in psychiatry but also in philosophy, anthropology, archeology, literature, and religious studies. The central concept of analytical psychology is individuation—the psychological process of integrating the opposites, including the conscious with the unconscious, while still maintaining their relative autonomy. Jung considered individuation to be the central process of human development. Jung saw the human psyche as "by nature religious" and made this religiousness the focus of his explorations. Jung is one of the best known contemporary contributors to dream analysis and symbolization.
Early years Childhood family Myers-Briggs Type Indicator. A chart with descriptions of each Myers–Briggs personality type and the four dichotomies central to the theory The Myers–Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) is an introspective self-report questionnaire designed to indicate psychological preferences in how people perceive the world around them and make decisions. The MBTI was constructed by Katharine Cook Briggs and her daughter Isabel Briggs Myers.
History Katharine Cook Briggs began her research into personality in 1917. After the English translation of Jung's book Psychological Types was published in 1923 (first published in German in 1921), she recognized that Jung's theory was similar to, but went far beyond, her own.:22 Briggs's four types were later identified as corresponding to the IXXXs, EXXPs, EXTJs and EXFJs. Briggs's daughter, Isabel Briggs Myers, added to her mother's typological research, which she would progressively take over entirely. Origins of the theory Differences from Jung Concepts Voluntary. Explorations of the Mind: Intuition. Organic System Design -Intuitionism and infinity.
Organic System Design Itson Mechanics - The Levels of Infinity By Lere O. Shakunle Director of the Transfigural Math Laboratory at the American Computer Scientists Association Mailing and other addresses: Lere O. Shakunle The Matran School of Mathematics Berlin, Germany Tel. Index to Contents * Abstract 1.0. 1.1. 1.2. 1.3. 1.4. 2.0. 2.1. 2.2. 2.3. 2.4. 2.5. 3.0. 4.0. 5.0. 6.0. 6.1. 6.2. 7.0. 7.1. 7.2. 7.3. 7.4. 7.5. 8.0. 9.0. 10. . * References On-Line Abstract This paper sets out to introduce the physics of itson called itson mechanics or infinity mechanics. 1.0. There is something defiant about the world. It is indeed a puzzle that what looks so simple could be so defiant. The puzzle remains. We turn our gaze to the heavens. We turn our gaze inward in contemplation. Everywhere we turn we are confronted with something we cannot fathom - Infinity. 1.1.
The quantum mechanics is impossible enough. But what is the power of quantum mechanics? Let us not be deceived by the name. 1.2. 1.3. 2.0. 2.1. Intuitionism. NEOINTUITIONISM: THE NEGLECTED MORAL REALISM - Burton - 2010 - The Southern Journal of Philosophy. The syntax of formulas of intuitionistic logic is similar to propositional logic or first-order logic;) Intuitionism in the Philosophy of Mathematics. First published Thu Sep 4, 2008; substantive revision Wed Aug 14, 2013 Intuitionism is a philosophy of mathematics that was introduced by the Dutch mathematician L.E.J. Brouwer (1881–1966). Intuitionism is based on the idea that mathematics is a creation of the mind. The truth of a mathematical statement can only be conceived via a mental construction that proves it to be true, and the communication between mathematicians only serves as a means to create the same mental process in different minds. This view on mathematics has far reaching implications for the daily practice of mathematics, one of its consequences being that the principle of the excluded middle, (A ∨ ¬A), is no longer valid.
Indeed, there are propositions, like the Riemann hypothesis, for which there exists currently neither a proof of the statement nor of its negation. Brouwer devoted a large part of his life to the development of mathematics on this new basis. 1. 2. 2.1 The two acts of intuitionism ∃α(A ↔ ∃n α(n) = 1).
New Age - Intuition and spirituality. Zen meditation -Intuition and spirituality. Complex. Collective unconscious.