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Presidents [Haiti]

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Jovenel Moïse. Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Jovenel Moïse, né le à Trou-du-Nord[1], est un entrepreneur et homme politique haïtien, membre du Parti haïtien Tèt Kale. Il est élu au premier tour de l'élection présidentielle haïtienne de novembre 2016. Biographie[modifier | modifier le code] Détenteur de 14 comptes bancaires, il est soupçonné de blanchiment d'argent[2]. Président de la République[modifier | modifier le code] Il représente le PHTK à l'élection présidentielle de 2015[3]. Contrairement à ce que peut faire croire leurs patronymes, Jovenel Moïse et Jean-Charles Moïse, autre candidat aux élections présidentielles de 2015 et de 2016, n'ont aucun lien de parenté[4]. Avec un taux de participation de moins de 21 %[5], il remporte le scrutin à la majorité absolue dès le premier tour, recueillant 55,67 % des suffrages, devant Jude Célestin (19,52 % des voix), Jean-Charles Moïse (11,04 %) et Maryse Narcisse (8,99 %)[6],[5].

Le , son élection est définitivement validée[7]. Jocelerme Privert - Wikipedia. Jocelerme Privert (French pronunciation: ​[ʒɔslɛʁm pʁivɛʁ]; born 1 February 1953[1]) is a Haitian accountant, bureaucrat, politician and a former provisional President of Haiti. Political career[edit] Early political career[edit] A longtime politician, he first served as the economics and finance minister under Jean-Bertrand Aristide during 2001 and 2002.[2] Aristide reappointed him Minister of Interior and Territorial Communities in 2002 and served until 2004 Haitian coup d'état that removed Aristide from the presidency. Accusation of massacre and incarceration[edit] Privert was accused of involvement in the La Scierie massacre in Saint-Marc and arrested on 4 April 2004.

Later political career[edit] After his release from prison, he served as an advisor to then-president René Préval. Provisional presidency[edit] Privert was elected by the Senate as the provisional President of Haiti on 14 February 2016, pending a general election in no more than 120 days.[6] Personal life[edit] Michel Martelly. Michel Joseph Martelly (born 12 February 1961[2]), also known by his stage name "Sweet Micky", is a Haitian politician, former musician and businessman.

Since May 2011 he is the President of Haiti,[3] having been one of Haiti's best-known musicians for over a decade. For various reasons Martelly has moved a number of times between the United States and Haiti, living primarily in Florida during his time in the US. As a singer and keyboardist, "Sweet Micky" is known for his compas music (konpa), a style of Haitian dance music sung predominantly in the Haitian Creole language, but he blended this with other styles.

Martelly popularized a "new generation" of compas with smaller bands relying on synthesizers and electronic instruments. Martelly won the Haitian general election, 2010–2011 for his party Repons Peyizan (Farmers' Response Party), after a run-off against candidate Mirlande Manigat. Early life[edit] Music[edit] Recording career[edit] Political career[edit] Presidency[edit] Music[edit]

Boniface Alexandre. Alexandre left office on May 14, 2006, when René Préval, winner of the February 2006 presidential election, was sworn in as president. He is a nephew of the country's first prime minister, Martial Célestin. See also[edit] References[edit] Émile Jonassaint. Émile Jonassaint (May 20, 1913, Port-de-Paix - – October 10, 1995, Port-au-Prince) was a Haïtian Supreme Court Justice and political figure. He served as Haiti's President of the Constituent Assembly during the 1987 Constitution.[1] He served as Head of the Provisional Government of Haiti president of Haiti for five months (May 12 and October 12) in 1994 after the military regime had forced Jean-Bertrand Aristide, the elected president, out of the country in 1991.

It is alleged by President Aristide sympathizers that during his presidency, the military conducted some of the harshest human rights abuses. Though some members of the Haitian Army have been accused of horrible crimes, one should not condemn the entire Army of Haiti with one brush. It is important to distinguish between the behavior of a few army officers and the entire Haitian Armed Forces which also at the time include the police force. Related News Stories[edit] References[edit] Joseph Nérette. Joseph Nérette (April 9, 1924 – April 29, 2007) was a Haïtian judge and political figure. He served as the provisional president of Haïti between 1991 and 1992, part of a period in which real political authority rested with the military junta headed by Raoul Cédras and Michel François. Marc Bazin. Marc Louis Bazin (March 6, 1932 – June 16, 2010) was a World Bank official, former United Nations functionary and Haïtian Minister of Finance and Economy under the dictatorship of Jean-Claude Duvalier.

He was prime minister of Haïti appointed on June 4, 1992 by the military government that had seized power on September 30, 1991. Life[edit] He was considered to be the favorite Haitian presidential candidate of the George H. W. Ultimately, Bazin received 14% of the vote, Jean-Bertrand Aristide winning the Haitian general election, 1990–1991 with 67%.[2] After nine months, Aristide was deposed by a military coup. Bazin was also a fervent political opponent of Aristide, and ran in the 2006 election for the presidency of Haïti,[6] but was reported to have received only about 0.68% of the vote in the 35-candidate race. Genetics[edit] In Bazin's family, there are many twin genes. References[edit] External links[edit] René Préval. René Garcia Préval (French pronunciation: ​[ʁəne pʁeval]; born January 17, 1943) is a Haitian politician and agronomist who was twice President of the Republic of Haiti. He served from February 7, 1996, to February 7, 2001, and from May 14, 2006, to May 14, 2011.

He was also Prime Minister from February 1991 to October 11, 1991. Préval was the first elected head of state in Haitian history since independence to serve a full term in office, and also the first to be elected to nonsuccessive full terms in office. His presidencies were marked by domestic tumult and attempts at economic stabilization, with his latter presidency being marred through the destruction wrought by the 2010 Haiti earthquake.

Early life and career[edit] Préval was born in Marmelade, Artibonite Department, northern Haiti. Préval's father, an agronomist also, had risen to the position of Minister of Agriculture in the government of Général Paul Magloire, the predecessor of Duvalier. First presidency[edit] Election[edit] Jean-Bertrand Aristide. Jean-Bertrand Aristide (born 15 July 1953) is a Haitian former Catholic priest of the Salesian order and politician who served as Haiti's first democratically elected president.[1][2] A proponent of liberation theology,[3][4] Aristide was appointed to a parish in Port-au-Prince in 1982 after completing his studies. He became a focal point for the pro-democracy movement first under Jean-Claude "Baby Doc" Duvalier and then under the military transition regime which followed.

He won the Haitian general election, 1990-1991 with 67% of the vote and was briefly President of Haiti, until a September 1991 military coup. The coup regime collapsed in 1994 under US pressure and threat of force (Operation Uphold Democracy). Aristide was then President again from 1994 to 1996 and from 2001 to 2004. However, Aristide was ousted in a 2004 coup d'état, in which one of his former soldiers participated. Early life and church career[edit] Aristide was born into poverty in Port-Salut, Sud Department. Raoul Cédras. Joseph Raoul Cédras (born Jérémie, Haiti July 9, 1949) is a former military officer, and was de facto ruler of Haiti from 1991 to 1994. Background[edit] Cédras was educated in the United States and was a member of the US-trained Leopard Corps.[1] He was chosen by the US and France to be in charge of security for the Haitian general election, 1990–1991,[1] and subsequently named Commander-in-Chief of the army by Jean-Bertrand Aristide.[1] De facto leader of Haiti (1991–1994)[edit] Cédras was a Lieutenant General in the Forces Armées d'Haïti (the Haitian army) and was responsible for the 1991 Haitian coup d'état which ousted President Jean-Bertrand Aristide on 29 September 1991.

Under Aristide, Cédras "was one important source for the CIA, providing reports critical of President Aristide. "[2] Some human rights groups criticized Cédras's rule, alleging that innocent people were killed by the FAdH military and FRAPH paramilitary units. Later life[edit] Documentary[edit] Uden titel (1996) Hérard Abraham. Hérard Abraham (born July 28, 1940) is a former Haïtian political figure. Life[edit] Abraham enlisted in the Haïtian army as a young man. He rose to the rank of lieutenant general and became one of the few military members in the inner circle of President Jean-Claude Duvalier.

Abraham supported the 1986 coup against Duvalier, and served as foreign minister for the first time under Henri Namphy from 1987 to 1988.[1] He became acting President of Haïti on March 10, 1990 after street protests forced President Prosper Avril into exile.[2] He gave up power three days later, becoming the only military leader in Haïti during the twentieth century to give up power voluntarily. In January 1991, Abraham helped to crush a coup attempt by Roger Lafontant.[3] In 1991, Abraham retired from the army and moved to the United States. After Aristide's forced exile from the country, a new government needed to be formed. References[edit] Henri Namphy. Henri Namphy (born November 2, 1932 in Cap-Haïtien, Haiti) was a Haitian general and political figure who served as President of Haiti's interim ruling body, the National Council of Government, from February 7, 1986 to February 7, 1988.

He served again as President of Haiti from June 20, 1988[1] until his deposition on September 17, 1988 in the September 1988 Haitian coup d'état.[2] Following the fall of the government headed by President-for-Life Jean-Claude Duvalier, who fled the country with his family in 1986, Lieutenant General Namphy became president of the interim governing council, made up of six civilian and military members, which promised elections and democratic reforms. His regime was given the moniker “duvalierism without Duvalier”. Namphy, who enjoyed a reputation for being honest[1] and apolitical, had trouble in his early weeks in power; Haitians ceased their celebrations over the departure of Duvalier and started rioting and looting. Prosper Avril. Matthieu Prosper Avril (born December 12, 1937) is a Haitian political figure who was President of Haiti from 1988 to 1990.

A trusted member of François Duvalier's Presidential Guard and adviser to Jean-Claude Duvalier, Lt. Gen. Avril led the September 1988 Haitian coup d'état against a transition military government installed after Jean-Claude Duvalier's 1986 overthrow. He was President until March 1990, in a period which according to Amnesty International was "marred by serious human rights violations". He was arrested in 2001, but released in March 2004 after the 2004 Haitian coup d'état overthrew Jean-Bertrand Aristide. Background[edit] Avril was born in the small town of Thomazeau, near Haiti's capital, Port-au-Prince.[2] Career[edit] The academic source Webster University states regarding General Prosper Avril; "Avril joined the Presidential Guard in 1969 and Papa Doc nicknamed Avril the "intelligent Prosper Avril.

" Presidency[edit] Paul Farmer later wrote that See also[edit] Ertha Pascal-Trouillot. Ertha Pascal-Trouillot (born 13 August 1943) was the provisional President of Haiti for 11 months in 1990 and 1991. She was the first woman in Haitian history to hold that office. Background[edit] Her father, Thimocles, was an iron worker and died when she was young. Her mother Louise (née Dumornay) was a seamstress and embroiderer. Pascal-Trouillot was the ninth of ten children.

When she was 10 years old, she and one of her brothers went to the Lycée François Duvalier and was mentored by her future husband, Ernst Trouillot, who was 21 years her senior. Provisional President[edit] Pascal-Trouillot was chief justice when she temporarily became Haiti's first female president on 13 March 1990, following a revolt that overthrew the government run by Prosper Avril.

Aristide had Pascal-Trouillot arrested under charges of complicity in the January attempted coup d'état. References[edit] Jump up ^ E. Henri Namphy. Leslie Manigat. Leslie François Saint Roc Manigat (born August 16, 1930 in Port-au-Prince) was elected president of Haiti by a tightly controlled military held election in January 1988.

In education[edit] 1988 Haitian Presidential elections[edit] According to the Provisional Electoral Council (Conseil Electoral Provisoire, or CEP) he won the presidential election of January 17, 1988 with 50.29% of the votes, defeating ten other candidates. However, voter turnout was well under 10%. Family[edit] His wife Mirlande Manigat, was a candidate in the 2010 presidential election.[1] Award[edit] Leslie Manigat won The Haiti Grand Prize of literature 2004, given at the Miami Book Fair International of 2004. Selected works[edit] Une date littéraire, un événement pédagogique - Essay, Port-au-Prince, 1962L'Amérique latine au XXe Siècle - History, Université de Paris I Sorbonne, 1973 Sources[edit] External links[edit] Important Dates in Haïti's History.

François Duvalier. Daniel Fignolé. Antonio Thrasybule Kebreau. Jean-Claude Duvalier. Joseph Nemours Pierre-Louis. Franck Sylvain. Dumarsais Estimé. Sténio Vincent. Élie Lescot. Paul Magloire. Louis Borno. Louis Eugène Roy. Vilbrun Guillaume Sam. Oreste Zamor. Joseph Davilmar Théodore. Philippe Sudré Dartiguenave. Tancrède Auguste. Michel Oreste. Cincinnatus Leconte. Tirésias Simon Sam. Pierre Nord Alexis. François C. Antoine Simon. Monpoint Jeune. Florvil Hyppolite. François Denys Légitime. Joseph Lamothe. Pierre Théoma Boisrond-Canal. Lysius Salomon. Fabre Geffrard.

Nissage Saget. Pierre Théoma Boisrond-Canal. Pierre Théoma Boisrond-Canal. Michel Domingue. Faustin I of Haiti. Jean-Louis Pierrot. Nissage Saget. Jean-Baptiste Riché. Jean-Jacques Dessalines - Wikip?dia. Henri Christophe. Charles Rivière-Hérard. Alexandre Pétion. Jean Pierre Boyer.