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Grammar Tools and Websites

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Language Arts Games - Grammar, Punctuation, Capitalization, Vocabulary. Sheppard Software's Language Arts page features a variety of games for different grade levels.

Language Arts Games - Grammar, Punctuation, Capitalization, Vocabulary

Elementary students (and anyone who needs a refresher) can play the animated grammar and punctuation games, which review basic punctuation and grammar concepts. This section is continually being refined and expanded, so check back often! Middle school, high school, and adult learners can review their SAT and advanced vocabulary through the SAT Words and Vocabulary in Context games. Memorizing a wide variety of important vocabulary words will really help you succeed in the verbal sections of the SATs and GREs. In addition, reading challenging books, using the vocabulary you learn in daily life, and writing will help cement the words in your mind. The Oxford English Corpus. Oxford Dictionaries are continually monitoring and researching how language is evolving.

The Oxford English Corpus

The Oxford English Corpus is central to this process, and provides real evidence on which to base our language research. A corpus is a collection of texts of written (or spoken) language presented in electronic form. It provides evidence of how language is used in real situations, which allows our editors to write accurate and meaningful entries. The Oxford English Corpus ensures that we can track and record the very latest developments in language today. By analysing the corpus and using special software, we can see words in context and find out how new words and senses are emerging, as well as spotting other trends in usage, spelling, world English, and so on. The Oxford English Corpus is based mainly on material collected from pages on the World Wide Web (some printed texts, such as academic journals, have been used to supplement certain subject areas).

Tools. Grammar Ninja. The Grammar Aquarium. English Language Centre Study Zone: Welcome! About the Study Zone The Study Zone is for students of the English Language Centre (ELC) at the University of Victoria.

English Language Centre Study Zone: Welcome!

ELC teachers create the English language lessons and practice exercises. The site is designed for our adult English language learners, but all are welcome to read the lessons and use the exercises. News and Feedback We occasionally post news on the Study Zone blog and we're happy to receive comments on the blog's Feedback Page. Who visits Study Zone? This map shows the visitors to this page only. What do I do? First, choose your level. Study Zone is made up of levels.

Where am I now? The menu at the top of each page tells you where you are. Advanced English lessons. Your Road to Better Grammar. Reported Speech. Exercises on Reported Speech If we report what another person has said, we usually do not use the speaker’s exact words (direct speech), but reported (indirect) speech.

Reported Speech

Therefore, you need to learn how to transform direct speech into reported speech. The structure is a little different depending on whether you want to transform a statement, question or request. Statements When transforming statements, check whether you have to change: pronouns present tense verbs (3rd person singular) place and time expressions tenses (backshift) → more on statements in reported speech Questions When transforming questions, check whether you have to change: Also note that you have to: transform the question into an indirect question use the interrogative or if / whether → more on questions in reported speech Requests pronouns place and time expressions → more on requests in reported speech Additional Information and Exeptions. Direct speech - quoted speech and indirect speech - reported speech. We often have to give information about what people say or think.

direct speech - quoted speech and indirect speech - reported speech

In order to do this you can use direct or quoted speech, or indirect or reported speech. Direct Speech / Quoted Speech Saying exactly what someone has said is called direct speech (sometimes called quoted speech) Here what a person says appears within quotation marks ("... ") and should be word for word. For example: She said, "Today's lesson is on presentations. " or "Today's lesson is on presentations", she said. Indirect Speech / Reported Speech Indirect speech (sometimes called reported speech), doesn't use quotation marks to enclose what the person said and it doesn't have to be word for word.

When reporting speech the tense usually changes. Noun Clauses. English Club.