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Language Arts Games - Grammar, Punctuation, Capitalization, Vocabulary. The Oxford English Corpus. Oxford Dictionaries are continually monitoring and researching how language is evolving.

The Oxford English Corpus

The Oxford English Corpus is central to this process, and provides real evidence on which to base our language research. A corpus is a collection of texts of written (or spoken) language presented in electronic form. It provides evidence of how language is used in real situations, which allows our editors to write accurate and meaningful entries. The Oxford English Corpus ensures that we can track and record the very latest developments in language today. By analysing the corpus and using special software, we can see words in context and find out how new words and senses are emerging, as well as spotting other trends in usage, spelling, world English, and so on.

The Oxford English Corpus is based mainly on material collected from pages on the World Wide Web (some printed texts, such as academic journals, have been used to supplement certain subject areas). Tools. Grammar Ninja. The Grammar Aquarium. English Language Centre Study Zone: Welcome! About the Study Zone The Study Zone is for students of the English Language Centre (ELC) at the University of Victoria.

English Language Centre Study Zone: Welcome!

ELC teachers create the English language lessons and practice exercises. The site is designed for our adult English language learners, but all are welcome to read the lessons and use the exercises. News and Feedback The comments on the Study Zone blog have been great! Who visits Study Zone? This map shows the visitors to this page only.

All levels: Grammar Index What do I do? First, choose your level. Study Zone is made up of levels. Where am I now? The menu at the top of each page tells you where you are. Advanced English lessons. Your Road to Better Grammar. Reported Speech. Exercises on Reported Speech If we report what another person has said, we usually do not use the speaker’s exact words (direct speech), but reported (indirect) speech.

Reported Speech

Therefore, you need to learn how to transform direct speech into reported speech. The structure is a little different depending on whether you want to transform a statement, question or request. Statements When transforming statements, check whether you have to change: pronouns present tense verbs (3rd person singular) place and time expressions tenses (backshift) → more on statements in reported speech Questions When transforming questions, check whether you have to change: Also note that you have to: transform the question into an indirect question use the interrogative or if / whether → more on questions in reported speech Requests pronouns place and time expressions → more on requests in reported speech. Direct speech - quoted speech and indirect speech - reported speech. We often have to give information about what people say or think.

direct speech - quoted speech and indirect speech - reported speech

In order to do this you can use direct or quoted speech, or indirect or reported speech. Direct Speech / Quoted Speech. Noun Clauses. See The Sentence for definitions of sentence, clause, and dependent clause.

Noun Clauses

A sentence which contains just one clause is called a simple sentence. A sentence which contains one independent clause and one or more dependent clauses is called a complex sentence. (Dependent clauses are also called subordinate clauses.) There are three basic types of dependent clauses: adjective clauses, adverb clauses, and noun clauses. (Adjective clauses are also called relative clauses.) This page contains information about noun clauses. A. A noun clause can be a subject of a verb: What Billy did shocked his friends. A noun clause can be an object of a verb: Billy’s friends didn’t know that he couldn’t swim.

A noun clause can be a subject complement: Billy’s mistake was that he refused to take lessons. A noun clause can be an object of a preposition: Mary is not responsible for what Billy did. A noun clause (but not a noun) can be an adjective complement: Everybody is sad that Billy drowned. B. C. That. English Club.