Nikola Tesla. Shell Denies Allegations in Nigeria, Where an Exxon Valdez-sized Spill Occurs Annually. Image: Melange Despite a long history of blatant environmental and human rights abuses in Nigeria, Shell denied in a Dutch public hearing this week allegations of using "nontransparent, inconsistent and misleading figures" regarding the causes of oil leaked in the Niger Delta.The hearing was called by the Dutch Parliament's Economic Affairs Committee after Friends of the Earth and Amnesty International filed a complaint with Dutch officials.
Ian Craig, head of Shell Exploration & Production for Sub-Saharan Africa, told the hearing: "We do bear some responsibility, but we cannot bear it entirely. " John Ghazvinian, author of "Untapped: The Scramble for Africa's Oil," says, "In the last 50 years over all of the Nigerian oil industry roughly the equivalent of one Exxon Valdez oil spill has been spilt every year. " But Shell maintains that the majority—70 percent—of the oil spills are caused by sabotage, even though it also admitted the number of spills remains "unacceptably high.
" Wikileaks Reveals Shell Oil Has Agents Installed in Nigerian Government. Photo: zieak via Flickr/CC BY The US diplomatic cables revealed by Wikileaks have produced a wide swath of important information. From unflattering looks into the conduct of US policy, to revelations about the administration's blind eye towards environmental destruction, citizens have been provided with a rare behind the scenes glimpse of state power mechanics. One such revelation concerns the diplomatic grip that Shell Oil holds over the state of Nigeria -- it appears that the oil company has embedded itself deeply into every level of the corrupt, oppressive government.
As you're likely aware, Nigeria is one of the world's foremost bearers of the 'oil curse' -- wherein the nation or region that has the supposed benefit of vast oil reserves, ends up all the more impoverished because of it. The Guardian reports: And one has to suspect that those corporate staffers embedded at "every level" of the Nigerian government aren't likely voting to support the Nigerian poor. Breakthrough in quest to turn seaweed into biofuels. [SANTIAGO] Brown seaweed's potential as a vast source of biofuels has been highlighted with the announcement that scientists have found a way of converting all its major sugars into ethanol.
A team reported in Science today (19 January) that it has engineered a microbe that will convert the sugars to ethanol, overturning one of the main obstacles to making the use of brown macroalgae, or seaweed, as a biofuel feedstock competitive. The prospective ethanol yield from brown seaweed is approximately two times higher than that from sugarcane and five times higher than maize, from the same area of cultivation.
But its full potential cannot be reached because of the inability of industrial microbes to break down alginate, one of the three most abundant sugars in brown seaweed, commonly known as kelp, which is the most widely grown seaweed in the world. As a result, the scientists were able to get a yield of bioethanol directly from seaweed equivalent to 15,000-20,000 litres per hectare per year. Energy Recovery Council. Waste to Energy. Increasing access to modern energy services for the poor.