HTTPS Everywhere is produced as a collaboration between The Tor Project and the Electronic Frontier Foundation. Many sites on the web offer some limited support for encryption over HTTPS, but make it difficult to use. For instance, they may default to unencrypted HTTP, or fill encrypted pages with links that go back to the unencrypted site. The HTTPS Everywhere extension fixes these problems by using a clever technology to rewrite requests to these sites to HTTPS. Information about how to access the project's Git repository and get involved in development is here.
Do you throw your credit card statements in the trash? How about documents that include your phone number, social security number, address, and date of birth? No, you shred the papers first, to make it difficult for others to read. The same goes for sensitive information stored on a computer. It needs protection. Encryption Software Review 2012
How Encryption Works" When we use the Internet, we're not always just clicking around and passively taking in information, such as reading news articles or blog posts -- a great deal of our time online involves sending others our own information. Ordering something over the Internet, whether it's a book, a CD or anything else from an online vendor, or signing up for an online account, requires entering in a good deal of sensitive personal information. A typical transaction might include not only our names, e-mail addresses and physical address and phone number, but also passwords and personal identification numbers (PINs). The incredible growth of the Internet has excited businesses and consumers alike with its promise of changing the way we live and work.