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Environmental policy and social cohesion: addressing social and health disparities in the transition towards a low-carbon, resource efficient circular economy

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The focus of this issue should be on the effects of policies related to the transition to low carbon etc on social and health disparities

Energy policy acceptability UK 2013. Women and sustainable energy: research examines roles, seeks to help bridge gender gap. Active Participation of Women Essential to the Global Energy Transformation. By 2050, IRENA projects that there will be around 40 million jobs directly related to renewable energy and energy efficiency worldwide, a more than four-fold increase from today. Women comprise roughly half the world’s population, and their full inclusion is vital to ensuring that the new energy economy is based on the largest pool of talent, knowledge and skills. Moreover, energy poverty has a disproportionate effect on women, and one of the most effective ways to ensure that renewable energy policies and practices consider the gendered impacts of energy is to empower women to shape them.

In 2016, IRENA conducted a survey of renewable energy companies worldwide and found that women represented an average of 35% of the workforce, a share greater than in the traditional energy sector, but lower than in the broader economy. In general, women are severely underrepresented in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) fields and across the clean energy sector. Ms. Ms. Ms. Ms. The rise of the quasi-public space and its consequences for cities and culture | Palgrave Communications. A new phenomenon is emerging in London: quasi-public spaces. These are open spaces that look and feel like public places, open to all; however, they are in fact private spaces that are only conditionally made available to the public. Hence, the other common usage coined with respect to New York: ‘Privately owned public space’ (Kayden, 2000).

This paper argues that whilst appearing new, quasi-public spaces have emerged from a process of investment restructuring over the last 50 years. The profound change that is set in motion is a loss of control of public space and its cultural uses in cities. There is a long history to the notion of providing public spaces in cities, often linked to the notion of the agora, symbolising democratic processes (Sennet, 1999). Furthermore, public spaces have commonly been a means of the local state (often supported by a local mercantile group seeking cultural and political legitimacy) articulating the ‘civilising’ values of culture.

Wealthier people do less in the struggle against climate change – URV Activ@ A collective-risk dilemma experiment with members of the public in Barcelona has shown that people are more or less likely to contribute money to fighting climate change depending on their how wealthy they are. And the results indicate that participants with fewer resources were prepared to contribute significantly more to the public good than wealthier people, sometimes up to twice as much. These are the principal findings of a study published in the journal PLOS ONE by researchers from the Universitat Rovira i Virgili, the University of Barcelona, the University of Zaragoza and the Carlos III University of Madrid, who measured how a group of individuals acted in the face of a common threat. To do so researchers designed a “lab-in-the-field” experiment involving more than 320 individuals divided into 54 groups of 6 people.

The experiment was conducted as follows. A total of 240 euros was given to each group of individuals. Each member of the group was given a specific amount of money. Study: Climate change could force outdoor workers to wake up far earlier. A new study published in Earth's Future, a journal of the American Geophysical Union, indicates that if society tries to avoid the economic impacts of climate change on outdoor labor by shifting working hours, outdoor workers in many regions will need to start working well before dawn at the end of this century to avoid the effect of excessive heat stress. Outdoor workers are exposed to excessive heat stress, particularly in hot seasons, a trend that is expected to increase as a result of climate change. This will reduce the capability of physical labor and eventually cause economic loss. Shifting working time earlier in the morning, when it is cooler than during midday, can be an effective way to reduce the effect of heat stress.

However, the plausibility and efficacy of such an intervention has not been quantitatively assessed on a global scale. Under the highest greenhouse-gas emission scenario, the required shift globally was 5.7 (4.0–6.1) hours on average by the end of this century. Regeneration may cause isolation for older people, study finds. A study by an academic from The University of Manchester has found that urban regeneration in poor neighbourhoods can actually backfire, and lead to older people feeling isolated. As cities regenerate, new homes, residents and facilities are built which can change an area dramatically. A new movement to create 'age friendly cities' is aiming to ensure that regeneration happens in a way which allows older people to actively participate in their communities, stay connected to the people that matter most to them, and remain living in their homes for as long as possible—known as ageing in place.

Social anthropologist Dr. Camilla Lewis spent a year living in East Manchester, one of the most deprived areas in the UK, in order to understand how local regeneration is affecting the day-to-day lives of older residents. She interviewed and observed residents in places including a community centre, a market cafe and their homes. Explore further: Affecting the well-being of elderly urban residents. Cooling off effect causes public perception novel environmental technology improve over time 503na3 en.

I Need Plastic Straws To Drink. I Also Want To Save The Environment. Sent packing: Hong Kong's elderly cardboard collectors - Environment. Her fingers are bent from 20 years of collecting cardboard from Hong Kong's streets, but Au Fung-lan says she has no desire to give up the gruelling work. At 67-years-old she is one of around 2,900 collectors, mainly women over the age of 60, whose frail figures are a familiar sight, guiding trolleys loaded with cardboard through a city clogged with traffic and people. They pick up discarded packing boxes from shops, markets and residential buildings, selling them for a few dollars to recycling depots, where cardboard is more valuable than plastic.

The depots then ship it abroad -- up to 95 percent of it to mainland China in 2016, according to local authorities -- as Hong Kong has no recycling plants of its own to convert it into usable materials. However, as China closes the door to imported rubbish, even from semi-autonomous regions such as Hong Kong, Au's livelihood is under threat. Pragmatic Au says she tries not to think too much about her work drying up. "I'm not afraid. ‘Disabled people care about the environment’: Include us in the plastic straw debate says the disability community. Cities have banned them, the UK is considering a country-wide ban while supermarkets and bars world-wide are no longer supplying them.

Plastic straws are the latest single-use plastic to be targeted for elimination in an attempt to save our polluted oceans. For many able-bodied people, a plastic straw is a simple convenience that can be discarded with every empty cup into the bin. One in four New Zealanders have a disability and for many of them a plastic straw helps hydrate or feed themselves as well as giving them independence. For Christchurch woman Allison Franklin, who has cerebral palsy, single-use plastic straws mean she can drink on her own. "I'm old enough to remember back before plastic straws were commonplace," Ms Franklin told 1 NEWS NOW. "When I was a kid, Mum and Dad used to wait till the drink was just about cold, tepid, and then pour it down my throat.

A dedicated recycler, Ms Franklin cares about the overuse of plastics and how it is affecting the planet. Pre-packaged food ‘vital’ for some disabled people. Yes, the Environmental Movement Sometimes Discriminates Against the Disabled. It is a truth universally acknowledged that environmentalism faces many enormous barriers, some of which are fundamental aspects of modern society, while some of which are entirely avoidable. Discrimination against the disabled community in environmental motions most definitely falls into the latter category. Recent environmental progress, such as plastic straw prohibitions, the shaming of ultra-packaged food and strict electric bike bans, has provoked substantial backlash from individuals with various disabilities, and rightfully so.

While these ordinances might demonstrate great benefits for the environment, they have negative consequences for a portion of the population that must not be ignored. Public discourse surrounding the conflict is typically exaggerated and over-aggressive. Some people argue that the environmental movement is completely clueless and intentionally discriminatory. Others have suggested that anyone who protests these new policies is lazy. Straw Bans. The straw ban might be great for the environment but not for disabled people | Enable Magazine | The UK's favourite disability lifestyle magazine.

We all know how important it is to cut down on our waste – whether that’s looking for more sustainable options, like KeepCups and MoonCups, or recycling our rubbish. The announcement that Scotland is planning on being the first UK nation to ban plastic straws by 2019 has been welcomed by environmental campaigners: single-use plastic straws are one of the most common waste items polluting our beaches. A lot of places have already cut down or outright banned plastic straws: Ullapool, a village in the north east of Scotland, has already banned plastic straws in all bars, restaurants, and cafes – the first village in the UK to do so, and Wetherspoons and Wagamama have also stopped using straws.

While we can all agree that the government needs to take action to battle plastic pollution, the ban on plastic straws doesn’t take into consideration everybody’s needs. For some people with disabilities, straws are the only way that they can physically drink. Drought: A cause of riots -- ScienceDaily. The scientific community has been working on the possibility of a relationship between periods of drought and rioting for several years. The University of Geneva (UNIGE), operating in partnership with the universities of Heidelberg (Germany) and Lucerne (Switzerland), has formally verified this hypothesis by studying almost 1,800 riots that occurred over a 20-year period in sub-Saharan Africa.

The researchers observed a systematic link between the sudden depletion of water resources and the outbreak of unrest. They also succeeded in quantifying the impact of geographic and social factors on the same link. The findings, which underline the importance of the role of political institutions in the event of a drought, can be read in the Journal of Environmental Economics and Management. Several case studies have reported that drought provokes tensions in the affected population. Drought adds fuel to the flames Droughts raise the risk of rioting from 10% to 50% Aside from Damaging Our Health, Smoking Also Harms the Environment.

The tobacco industry’s carbon footprint is greater than that of entire countries, such as Israel or Peru. Tobacco’s disastrous effects on human health have been clear for decades, despite industry giants trying to hide the evidence linking cigarette smoke and disease for as long as possible. Despite Big Tobacco’s machinations, countless public awareness campaigns have exposed the drug’s role in causing lung cancer and numerous other serious conditions. Legislation around the world has slowly chipped away at the once-dominant addiction: Smoking prevalence has decreased by more than half in some developed countries since 1980 and continues to decline. This progress has substantially contributed to cancer prevention efforts. A new report from the American Cancer Society indicated that the drop in cancer rates over the last three decades can principally be chalked up to tobacco control initiatives. The Root of the Problem Keeping Industry Out of Policy. Cost of cigarettes must rise to reflect environmental damage from tobacco industry, WHO says.

The price of a packet of cigarettes should rise to reflect the wide-ranging environmental damage caused by the tobacco industry, from deforestation to water pollution, a major report has recommended. Backed by the World Health Organisation (WHO), the study found the industry’s carbon footprint was comparable to entire countries. Tobacco farms accounted for the loss of around 5 per cent of forests in parts of Asia and Africa, it stated. The UK was among the countries singled out for criticism along with several other western nations which were condemned for “literally burning poorer countries’ resources”. Cigarette production and consumption have seen dramatic growth in recent decades with around six trillion cigarettes manufactured annually for an estimated one billion smokers.

Tobacco production is often more environmentally damaging than that of essential commodities such as food crops, the study by the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control found. Tobacco control, a ‘major component’ of environmental protection efforts – UN health official. The World Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC), which is celebrating the 15th anniversary of it being adopted this year – is a global health treaty that advocates for the control of tobacco production, sale and use, as a way of reducing tobacco-related illnesses, deaths, environmental degradation and poverty across the world. “People often immediately think of the health impact that tobacco has, but there is not enough awareness of how tremendously destructive it is for the environment too, on land, under water and in the air,” said Dr.

Vera Luiza da Costa e Silva, the Head of the WHO FCTC Secretariat. “Studies indicate that tobacco growing could be up to 10 times more aggressive than all other deforestation factors,” Dr. da Costa e Silva noted. Governments need to understand that tobacco control is a major component of any effective and holistic environmental protection effort - Dr. Vera Luiza da Costa e Silva, WHO FCTC Secretariat chief. Menstrual cups make a difference for refugee women | CARE.

Social impact of green crowdfunding. There is growing interest in crowdfunding as an alternative way to support projects focused on renewables. This comes at a time when the green energy sector is feeling the purse strings tighten in many European countries. “National governments in the EU are alleged to have created a booming cycle by initially granting strong support for renewables then rapidly rowing back as they feared excessive expenses for subsidies and an increase in the price of electricity for industry”, points out a recent study by researchers from the Politecnico di Milano School of Management, the Università Bocconi, Milan, Italy and the Ton Duc Thang University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam.

In the paper, titled “Crowdfunding for green projects in Europe: success factors and effects on the local environmental performance and wellbeing”, they analysed the key factors that made a wide sample of crowdfunding campaigns through specialised platforms successful. Crowdfunding and renewable energy. What would the ultimate child-friendly city look like? | Cities. Imagine you are 10 years old. You live in a medium-sized city and want to visit your best friend, a five-minute walk away, so you can go to the park, another 10 minutes’ walk.

The problem is, there’s a big, dangerous road between you and your friend, and another between them and the park. You ask your parents if you can walk, they say no, and they are too busy to take you there themselves. Perhaps you SnapChat your friend instead, perhaps you play a video game on the sofa. You’ve lost out on exercise and time outside, interacting with your neighbourhood and, of course, play time with your friend. This is the reality for many kids today – but it doesn’t have to be this way. Dangerous roads, dilapidated facilities and poor use of green space all help deter kids from playing outside, pushing them towards solitary, indoors activities “It’s not enough to just talk about playgrounds and nice, pretty public spaces,” says Gill. Tirana: trust the silent majority Rotterdam: wild spaces for kids. What would a truly disabled-accessible city look like? | Cities.

ILO guidelines for a just transition. How tackling climate change could tackle inequality | International Institute for Environment and Development. Climate change and social inequality (UN DESA) Heat: the next big inequality issue | Cities. We're dangerously unprepared for the heat crisis from climate change (opinion) The Impacts of Climate Change Take a Heavier Toll on Older Women | American Society on Aging. Climate change and kids: Here's why doctors are worried. Effects of climate change in the workplace: increased occupational risks and a need for action to be taken in the world of work. Keeping cool in a warming world is not a ‘luxury’ for the rich. Air con led to quicker thinking during heat wave. American Students Don’t Learn Well When It’s Hot Outside. UK ‘woefully unprepared’ for deadly heatwaves, warn MPs | UK news.

Is inequality harming the environment? Is Gender Balance Better for the Environment? Envirotech Online. Is inequality bad for the environment? | Inequality. Clayton2018 Article TheRoleOfPerceivedJusticePolit. Green gentrification can limit the favorable effects of green areas on health -- ScienceDaily. Environmental racism. Putting community to use in environmental policy making Emerging trends in Scottland and the UK. Economic Inequality and the Value of Nature. How robust is the uniform emissions pricing rule to socialequity concerns.

Assessing the Unintended Consequences of New York City’s Clean Heat Transition. Stringer et al 2018 Earth's Future. Green Causes Are Not Always Colorblind: Racial Disparity in Energy Issues | Chester Energy and Policy. Environment Agency launch campaign to prepare for frequent flooding. Who are green cities actually for. Blythe et al 2018 Antipode. Socioeconomic inequalities in urban and transport planning relatedexposures and mortality. Trade-offs between social and environmental SDGs. Who bears economic cost of env policy 2017. Accelerating shift to low carbon economy EC 2016. Circular economy EU action plan. EU Action Plan for circular economy 2015. Circular economy EU working paper. ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY AND GROWTH WHEN ENVIRONMENTAL AWARENESS IS ENDOGENOUS | Macroeconomic Dynamics. 2018 Book GreenEconomyImplementationInTh. Reinterpreting the gender gap in household pro environmental behaviour.

Sustainability 10 00937. Mapping European and forest related policies supporting social innovationfor rural setting. Environmental policy, firm dynamics and wage inequality in developing countries. The environment and environmental justice: Linking the biophysical and thesocial using watershed boundaries. Baby Boomers versus Milennials Kate Alexander Shaw.

How Greening Strategies Are Displacing Minorities in Post-Harvey Houston – The Nature of Cities. Gutsy, organised Londoners have learned to stop gentrification in its tracks – here's how. Poll: Children believe older generation not doing enough to combat climate change.