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The 2012 Election

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Voice of the People. Who are the True ‘Fulul’ of Post-Revolution Egypt? The literal meaning of Arabic verb falla is ‘to nick a blade of a sword and make it jagged,’ or ‘to blunt an object.’

Who are the True ‘Fulul’ of Post-Revolution Egypt?

So if a sword, for instance, is made jagged, it has ‘fulul’ (notches), or it has lost its edge and requires smoothening and sharpening. When the term is applied to a nation, it implies a defeated or a vanquished people. In the wake of the Egyptian revolution, the term ‘fulul’ has been used to connote those loyal to the deposed Mubarak regime or those who benefitted from it, and has inaccurately been translated into English as ‘remnants.’ Egypt's Parliament gets to work. Replacing Mubarak - Interview with Amr Moussa.

Amr Moussa has emerged from Egypt's revolutionary tumult as the front-runner in the upcoming presidential election.

Replacing Mubarak - Interview with Amr Moussa

But for this quintessential establishment man -- he served as foreign minister under Hosni Mubarak and then as secretary-general of the Arab League -- capturing the top seat in Egyptian politics is fraught with pitfalls. The revolutionaries on the streets scorn his ties with the previous regime, and the new kingmakers in Cairo -- the Islamists and the ruling Supreme Council of the Armed Forces -- are sure to demand concessions in return for their support.

It's not easy to walk that line, particularly with all the hot-button issues in Egypt's future. Here, Moussa tackles them all in an exclusive interview with Foreign Policy: the military's future role in politics, the Egypt-Israel peace treaty, and the upcoming U.S. presidential election, among others. Meet the Head of Egypt’s Presidential Election Commission. Egypt is gearing up for the final stages of a tumultuous transitional period under the rule of the Supreme Council of Armed Forces (SCAF) and preparing to enter a new phase following a scheduled handover of government authority to a newly-elected president at the end of June.

Meet the Head of Egypt’s Presidential Election Commission

The much-anticipated presidential vote is scheduled to be held on 23 and 24 May to elect Egypt's first president since Hosni Mubarak was overthrown in a popular uprising one year ago. All the President's Men. Egypt Unwrapped Egypt's streets are calm after months of deadly rioting.

All the President's Men

But the political situation remains uncertain, and the future is far from clear. The presidential race is gearing up, but nobody knows what to fight for. Egypt’s Disqualified Front-runners. On : Tuesday, 17 Apr, 2012 Hearts and Minds.

Egypt’s Disqualified Front-runners

Playing it Smart. On : Monday, 30 Apr, 2012 Hearts and Minds As protests over the upcoming presidential elections continue, El Baradei announces a new political party.

Playing it Smart

Cairo's Candidate Shuffle. Over the last few weeks, the Egyptian presidential race has packed in a lifetime of political drama -- and then some.

Cairo's Candidate Shuffle

First, in late March and early April, the Muslim Brotherhood broke its pledge not to run any candidates in the election and proceeded to register not one but two. Then, on April 6, Omar Suleiman, former President Hosni Mubarak's intelligence chief, announced that he was "a soldier that had never refused an order in his life" and would therefore reluctantly accept his supporters' supposed clamoring for him to enter the race. The dust from those bombshells hadn't even settled when Egypt's administrative court disqualified Suleiman; Khairat el-Shater, the Brotherhood's chief strategist and first-choice candidate; Hazem Salah Abu Ismail, a hard-line Salafist; and seven other contenders from the race.

Half of all Foreign Affairs content is now published online only. To continue reading, please log in. Don't have an account? Register. The Compromise Candidate. Big promises for change in Egypt from Mubarak era survivor With the announcement that 10 candidates have been barred the presidential elections in Egypt, more attention is bound to focus on those remaining in the race.

The Compromise Candidate

One of these is Amr Moussa, a former head of the Arab League and Egyptian Foreign Minister, who launched his campaign for the presidency in April. Amr Moussa The competition to be president of Egypt now looks like a three-horse race between Amr Moussa, the ex-Muslim Brotherhood moderate Abdelmonim Abolfotouh, and the Brotherhood’s new candidate Mohamed Morsi, with Moussa seen by many observers as the frontrunner. Arguably, Moussa has the highest public profile, which could well play in his favor. Arguably, Moussa has the highest public profile, which could well play in his favor. Reflections on Egypt's “Odd Politics” When I left Egypt two weeks before the revolution that ousted former President Hosni Mubarak last year, Egyptians were not allowed to discuss three issues publicly: politics, religion, and sex.

Reflections on Egypt's “Odd Politics”

However, after spending two weeks in the post-revolutionary Egypt, I realized that these taboos are no more. Apparently, a sense of unfettered freedom is inescapable, albeit in a chaotic pattern. Apart from sex, which become more politicized as in the case of Samira Ibrahim, one of seven female protesters who were allegedly subjected to a shameful “virginity test” by the military, the depressed Egyptians are significantly overwhelmed by the other two things: politics and religion. From the taxi driver who drove me from the airport to the mosque imam who ironically advocated repeatedly for apathy and political subservience, all seem now mired in everyday politics, however, with no substance. Egypt’s Unfinished Revolution Will Succeed - Mohamed A. El-Erian.

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Egypt’s Unfinished Revolution Will Succeed - Mohamed A. El-Erian

Click to hide this space NEWPORT BEACH – A year ago, Egyptians of all ages and religions took to the streets and, in just 18 days of relatively peaceful protests, removed a regime that had ruled over them with an iron fist for 30 years. Empowered by an impressive yet leaderless movement – largely of young people – the country’s citizens overcame decades of fear to reclaim a voice in their future. While much has been achieved since those euphoric times, Egypt’s revolution today is, unfortunately, incomplete and imperfect – so much so that some now doubt whether it will fully succeed.

I believe that the doubters will be proven wrong. Over the last year, Egyptians have voted in their first free and fair parliamentary elections. Egypt’s IMF Lifeline. Is it enough to salvage a sinking economy? One of the most serious consequences of the 2011 revolutions in the Middle East and North Africa has been the impact of political instability on the regional economy. Fayza Abul Naga and Cairo's Campaign Against NGOs. Ikhwanomics. The Muslim Brotherhood has a plan for Egypt’s economic recovery The Ikhwan’s economic manifesto to overhaul Egypt’s collapsing economy charts a pragmatic course between state-run economics on the left and crony capitalism on the right.

But given the scope of the economic challenges before it, arguably the biggest thing the world has to fear from an Islamist-run Egypt is that its leaders don’t have the answers, either. Salafists protest against IMF Managing Director Christine Lagarde's visit to Tunisia. Egypt's Judges in a Revolutionary Age. Egypt’s tumultuous uprising of 2011 was about many things, but among the most central was a demand by legions of political activists and large crowds of mobilized citizens that public authority in the country be reconstructed to operate in a clearly accountable manner, fully governed by the rule of law.

Egyptian judges might therefore be expected to look upon the post-uprising environment as a time when they can finally realize a vision that they have been articulating for a generation in the face of an imperious and impervious presidency: A state ruled by law in which they will be insulated from political pressures and private interests, providing full autonomy to individual judges and to the judiciary as a body to issue decisions that will be respected and implemented by all the agencies of the Egyptian state. Eventually everybody might get what they want. Egypt must look back before it can move forward by Khaled Elgindy.

Egypt’s Conundrum. Egypt’s Elections: Why the Islamists Won. The Revolution will be Televised. Egypt celebrated another first this week, as its citizens experienced one of the trappings of American-style democracy. Egyptians watch presidential hopefuls battle it out. Can Egypt Have a President Without a Constitution? Shadow of the Past. On the Campaign Trail. Egyptians Come Out in Droves for First Free Elections. Army soldiers hold back a protester who tried to attack former prime minister and presidential candidate Ahmed Shafiq as he is leaving a polling station, after casting his vote in Cairo May 23, 2012. (photo by REUTERS/Amr Dalsh) Author: Sophie Claudet Posted May 23, 2012. Election Day Violations Widespread But Relatively Minor. A New Napoleon. On : Tuesday, 22 May, 2012. Egypt's presidential election: a game of the least bad option. For Egypt's Voters, Revolution Feels Light Years Away.

Egyptian Presidential Election Preview. The Presidential Race: A Game of Egyptian Roulette. The Presidential Agenda. Here’s Hoping. Analyzing Egyptian Presidential Election Vote. Egypt Elects its President While in Crisis. Sabbahi To Seek Election Suspension, Cites Voting Irregularities. Why Did Abul-Fotouh Fail In The Presidential Elections? How Did Mubarak's Last PM Make It To Egypt's Second Round of Presidential Elections?

Egyptian Presidential Elections, Day One: Turnout and Trends. "Who Will Win Egypt?" by Omar Ashour. Trouble Brewing. Yesterday's Egypt. Egypt Elections: Between a Rock And a Hard Place. Shafiq Is a Mubarak-Era Holdover, But the Alternative May Be Worse. Few Options in Egypt. Dangers Ahead for Egypt. Egypt Rings in the Old. The Ballot Box vs. the Revolution. Many Egyptians Skip the Polls, Out of Hopelessness or Protest. Experts: Court Rulings Constitute a Blow to Civilian Forces. The five stages of electoral grief. Electoral Violations Mar Egypt's Presidential Runoff. Frustration in Egypt. The Egyptian Elections. Egypt’s presidential run-off: legal limbo and the transition to nowhere.

Egypt's New President and the Military: Who's in Command? A Tipping Point Ahead? A vote of confidence in Egypt’s presidency. And The Winner Is... All Change in Cairo? Egypt’s morning after: against Dictatorship 2.0. Egypt Back from the Brink.