Education/Psychology

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The Makings of a Memory Continue to Fascinate
Seeking Academic Edge, Teenagers Abuse Stimulants Adderall and similar drugs are not hard to obtain at high school, many students say. They can also be found online. “If you don’t give me the prescription,” Ms. Radulovic said the girl told her, “I’ll just get it from kids at school.” Keeping Everyone Happy Seeking Academic Edge, Teenagers Abuse Stimulants
Yvetta Fedorova The definition of an optimist: Someone, like me, who plans to get more done than time permits. Having failed to achieve the impossible, someone, like me, who is sure everything will somehow get done anyway. A more classical definition from the Mayo Clinic: “Optimism is the belief that good things will happen to you and that negative events are temporary setbacks to be overcome.” A Richer Life by Seeing the Glass Half Full A Richer Life by Seeing the Glass Half Full
Big Bad Bully Big Bad Bully No, it's not just boys being boys. It takes a special breed of person to cause pain to others. But the one most hurt by bullying is the bully himself—though that's not at first obvious and the effects worsen over the life cycle. Yes, females can be bullies too.
Home > Psychology Articles > Psychology Articles > Understanding Bullies and Bullying Jean looked up at me and wept. "I am always the butt of the jokes. She makes my life hell, blames me for her mistakes, gives me impossible deadlines and then takes all the praise for my work. Understanding Bullies and Bullying Understanding Bullies and Bullying
Why Chinese Mothers Are Superior Why Chinese Mothers Are Superior Updated Jan. 8, 2011 12:01 a.m. ET A lot of people wonder how Chinese parents raise such stereotypically successful kids. They wonder what these parents do to produce so many math whizzes and music prodigies, what it's like inside the family, and whether they could do it too. Well, I can tell them, because I've done it.
Homophobic? Maybe You’re Gay Homophobic? Maybe You’re Gay In recent years, Ted Haggard, an evangelical leader who preached that homosexuality was a sin, resigned after a scandal involving a former male prostitute; Larry Craig, a United States senator who opposed including sexual orientation in hate-crime legislation, was arrested on suspicion of lewd conduct in a men’s bathroom; and Glenn Murphy Jr., a leader of the Young Republican National Convention and an opponent of same-sex marriage, pleaded guilty to a lesser charge after being accused of sexually assaulting another man. One theory is that homosexual urges, when repressed out of shame or fear, can be expressed as homophobia. Freud famously called this process a “reaction formation” — the angry battle against the outward symbol of feelings that are inwardly being stifled.
Photo Credit: shutterstock April 16, 2012 | Like this article? Crisis to Suicide: How Many Have to Die Before We Kill the False Religion of Austerity? — www.alternet.org Crisis to Suicide: How Many Have to Die Before We Kill the False Religion of Austerity? — www.alternet.org
The Go-Nowhere Generation
Born to Not Get Bullied — www.nytimes Born to Not Get Bullied — www.nytimes When she was in high school, Lady Gaga says, she was thrown into a trash can. The culprits were boys down the block, she told me in an interview on Wednesday in which she spoke — a bit reluctantly — about the repeated cruelty of peers during her teenage years. “I was called really horrible, profane names very loudly in front of huge crowds of people, and my schoolwork suffered at one point,” she said.
Robert Putnam - Bowling Alone - Journal of Democracy 6:1 Robert Putnam - Bowling Alone - Journal of Democracy 6:1 Copyright © 1995 The National Endowment for Democracy and The Johns Hopkins University Press. Registered users of a subscribed campus network may download, archive, and print as many copies of this work as desired for use within the subscribed institution as long as this header is not removed -- no copies of the below work may be distributed electronically, in whole or in part, outside of your campus network without express permission (permissions@muse.jhu.edu). Contact your institution's library to discuss your rights and responsibilities within Project Muse, or send email to copyright@muse.jhu.edu. The Johns Hopkins University Press is committed to respecting the needs of scholars -- return of that respect is requested. Journal of Democracy 6:1, Jan 1995, 65-78 As featured on National Public Radio, The New York Times, and in other major media, we offer this sold-out, much-discussed Journal of Democracy article by Robert Putnam, "Bowling Alone."
Books such as Habits of the Heart are not easy to summarize if at all. This talk, though nothing new, provides a brief summary of some of the motifs of Habits. As a cultural analysis of American society, Habits pays close attention to the way people talk. While the authors recognize that there are serious structural problems-economic, social, political, and institutional-in American society, they argue that there is also a problem of language. This is a complex argument that takes a book to spell out. Individualism and Commitment in American Life Individualism and Commitment in American Life
Creating the Good Society By Claire Andre and Manuel Velasquez In the Good Society, sociologist Robert Bellah and his coauthors challenge Americans to take a good look at themselves. Faced with growing homelessness, rising unemployment, crumbling highways, and impending ecological disaster, our response is one of apathy, frustration, cynicism, and retreat into our private worlds. The social problems confronting us today, the authors argue, are largely the result of failures of our institutions, and our response, largely the result of our failure to realize the degree to which our lives are shaped by institutional forces and the degree to which we, as a democratic society, can shape these forces for the better. American Society and Individualism
Lev Semyonovich Vygotsky — www.muskingum.edu Vygotsky's Sociocultural Theory: Vygotsky is best known for being an educational psychologist with a sociocultural theory. This theory suggests that social interaction leads to continuous step-by-step changes in children's thought and behavior that can vary greatly from culture to culture(Woolfolk, 1998). Basically Vygotsky's theory suggests that development depends on interaction with people and the tools that the culture provides to help form their own view of the world. There are three ways a cultural tool can be passed from one individual to another.
The Talent Society
The Art of Distraction My 13-year-old son wandered into the street and said he’d like to have a go with the rope. I handed it over, and he began to fling himself in all directions at once, crisscrossing his arms, hopping and tripping from foot to foot while doing a Cossack impression; then he did the whole thing backward, singing a Beatles song. It was moving and educational to be so instructed by one’s son. I hoped an opportunity for retribution would soon present itself.
Building Self-Control, the American Way — www.nytimes