- StumbleUpon. What Are You Saying Between the Lines? ► Fox On The Run by Sweet. 15 Things You Should Give Up To Be Happy. Health/Lifestyle. 10 More Common Faults in Human Thought. Humans This list is a follow up to Top 10 Common Faults in Human Thought.
Top 10 Thinking Traps Exposed. Our minds set up many traps for us. Unless we’re aware of them, these traps can seriously hinder our ability to think rationally, leading us to bad reasoning and making stupid decisions. Recency illusion. The recency illusion is the belief or impression that a word or language usage is of recent origin when it is in fact long-established.
The term was invented by Arnold Zwicky, a linguist at Stanford University who was primarily interested in examples involving words, meanings, phrases, and grammatical constructions. However, use of the term is not restricted to linguistic phenomena: Zwicky has defined it simply as, "the belief that things you have noticed only recently are in fact recent". Linguistic items prone to the Recency Illusion include: "Singular they" - the use of they to reference a singular antecedent, as in someone said they liked the play. According to Zwicky, the illusion is caused by selective attention. References Jump up ^ Intensive and Quotative ALL: something old, something new, John R.
External links Is History Really As the History Books Teach Us? The First Civilizations Author: Philip Coppens I s history really as the history books tell us or is civilization — when humankind began to cultivate plants, work metals, build monuments and live in organized settlements — far more complex and older than we assume? 28 Ways to Stop Complicating Your Life. Post written by: Marc Chernoff Email Life is not complicated.
We are complicated. When we stop doing the wrong things and start doing the right things, life is simple. So starting today… Fallacy of composition. Dear Customer who stuck up for his little brother, Éloge de la transmission. La lecture de la presse réserve parfois de petits bonheurs, de ces miracles égarés qui font penser que tout n'est pas perdu.
Dans Télérama, cette semaine, un long dossier consacré à l'école fustige l'élitisme de l'école républicaine, les notes qui traumatisent les élèves... Rien que de très classique. Et puis, tout à coup, au détour d'un entretien entre le ministre de l'Education nationale, Vincent Peillon, et le sociologue Jean-Pierre Terrail, la petite remarque de ce dernier sur les difficultés de l'apprentissage de la lecture. Où l'on apprend que le sociologue a fait tester auprès d'institutrices une méthode syllabique qui, de l'aveu même de celles-ci, s'est révélée bien plus efficace que tout ce qu'elles avaient essayé auparavant. Et le sociologue de regretter que l'efficacité des méthodes ne soit jamais testée en France... Your Evolved Intuitions. Part of the sequence: Rationality and Philosophy We have already examined one source of our intuitions: attribute substitution heuristics.
Today we examine a second source of our intuitions: biological evolution. Evolutionary psychology Evolutionary psychology1 has been covered on Less Wrong many times before, but let's review anyway. Lions walk on four legs and hunt for food. Sway: The Irresistible Pull of Irrational Behavior. You know there’s a new nonfiction genre by the titles alone — Blink, Nudge, Predictably Irrational… and now Sway.
This book is probably best compared with Dan Ariely’s Predictably Irrational, but to me the Brafman brothers’ book seemed easier to digest — partially because it’s shorter, but also because it doesn’t seem to discuss as many experiments in as excruciating detail as Ariely tended to do. The thesis is largely the same — we humans think we act rationally in most situations, especially in business or areas of our life that would seem to call for rational thinking (e.g., work).
What Ori and Rom Brafman (a businessman and a psychologist, respectively) show instead is what we all know from Ariely and others before him — humans are irrational and will act in irrational ways in many (most?) Situations. Clear Thinking in a Blurry World - Amazon.com. James Randi Educational Foundation. Some people see human tragedies as a time for empathy, sympathy, or charity.
Then there are those who see it as an opportunity. Cognitive Biases. List of cognitive biases. Cognitive biases are tendencies to think in certain ways that can lead to systematic deviations from a standard of rationality or good judgment, and are often studied in psychology and behavioral economics.
There are also controversies as to whether some of these biases count as truly irrational or whether they result in useful attitudes or behavior. For example, when getting to know others, people tend to ask leading questions which seem biased towards confirming their assumptions about the person. This kind of confirmation bias has been argued to be an example of social skill: a way to establish a connection with the other person. The research on these biases overwhelmingly involves human subjects. However, some of the findings have appeared in non-human animals as well.
Decision-making, belief, and behavioral biases Many of these biases affect belief formation, business and economic decisions, and human behavior in general. Top 10 Common Faults In Human Thought. Humans The human mind is a wonderful thing.
Cognition, the act or process of thinking, enables us to process vast amounts of information quickly. For example, every time your eyes are open, you brain is constantly being bombarded with stimuli. You may be consciously thinking about one specific thing, but you brain is processing thousands of subconscious ideas. 5 Logical Fallacies That Make You Wrong More Than You Think. The Internet has introduced a golden age of ill-informed arguments.
You can't post a video of an adorable kitten without a raging debate about pet issues spawning in the comment section. These days, everyone is a pundit. But with all those different perspectives on important issues flying around, you'd think we'd be getting smarter and more informed. Unfortunately, the very wiring of our brains ensures that all these lively debates only make us dumber and more narrow-minded.
Forer effect. The Science of Why We Don't Believe Science. Illustration: Jonathon Rosen "A MAN WITH A CONVICTION is a hard man to change. Tell him you disagree and he turns away. You Are Not So Smart. Implicit memory. Evidence and current research Advanced studies of implicit memory began only a few decades ago.