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PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-001781-17 Disciplinary proceedings against Spain over illegal landfill sites. Agriculture and Agricultural Science Procedia Volume 8, 2016, Mapping of Agriculture Plastic Waste. The current intensification of the use of plastic materials in agriculture, although has increased significantly the productivity, is also generating growing adverse effects on the environment of the agro-ecosystem.

Agriculture and Agricultural Science Procedia Volume 8, 2016, Mapping of Agriculture Plastic Waste

The agriculture is responsible for a massive use of plastic materials, in addition to energy and water inputs, chemical fertilizer and pesticides. Besides the pollution generated during the manufacture, at the end of their lifetime plastic materials used for crop covering, soil mulching, packaging, containers, pots, irrigation and drainage pipes, may became a pollution source when improperly disposed, leaved on the ground or burned. Instead the agricultural plastic waste (APW), if correctly collected, can be used as a new secondary raw material or as an energy source. An adequate APW management can prevent economical losses and environmental damages.

PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-000056-17 EU policy on preventing the production of hazardous waste. PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-009313-16 Plastic packaging of fruit and vegetables. PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-008473-16 Study to monitor the public health effects of exposure to hazardous waste stored in São Pedro da Cova. PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-008217-16 Noxious discharges into Sever do Vouga.

PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-007259-16 Razzaboni landfill site. Italy is currently involved in infringement proceedings following a judgment issued on 2 January 2014 (Case C-196/13, infringement procedure 2003/2077) regarding illegal Italian landfills which have not yet been decontaminated.

PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-007259-16 Razzaboni landfill site

Following the third revision finalised in the first half of 2016, the San Giovanni in Persiceto (Bologna) landfill in the former Razzaboni area no longer appears on the list. On 1 July 2016, after the list was updated on 2 June 2016, the Mayor of San Giovanni in Persiceto, Lorenzo Pellegatti, said that he was awaiting information about the allocation of additional funds from the region to proceed with the expropriation and decontamination of the second area of the landfill site (known as Mise), which contains further waste but is currently safe.(1) ‘Safe’, in this case, means that a tarpaulin has been stretched across the waste. PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question P-006119-16 EU funding for municipal waste management in Pyrgos in the prefecture of Ilia.

The residents of the Municipality of Pyrgos and elsewhere in the prefecture of Ilia have for years been faced with an inadmissible and dangerous situation resulting from over 20 000 tonnes of municipal waste being dumped in the streets of their own and surrounding municipalities, with serious consequences in terms of public health.

PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question P-006119-16 EU funding for municipal waste management in Pyrgos in the prefecture of Ilia

Doctors have already reported serious diseases (respiratory infections, gastroenteritis, etc.) arising from failure to clear away the waste. Furthermore millions of cubic metres of toxic gas emitted by the fermenting waste are being inhaled by local residents each day. The consequences of this have yet to manifest themselves. Driven by despair, local residents are resorting to burning the waste illegally, resulting in additional air pollution with adverse effects on public health, not to mention the fire risk. PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-006118-16 Bio-Line industrial waste processing plant in the municipality of Tavazzano con Villavesco (province of Lodi) On 17 September 2014, the Lodi provincial authorities decided, after carrying out an investigation, that no environmental impact assessment (EIA) was necessary for authorisation of the projected plant for the recovery of hazardous waste (98.04 tonnes per day) and non-hazardous waste (27.45 tonnes per day, the mixing of hazardous waste (39.21 tonnes per day) and the storage of hazardous waste (1 010 cubic metres) and non-hazardous waste (200 cubic meters).

PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-006118-16 Bio-Line industrial waste processing plant in the municipality of Tavazzano con Villavesco (province of Lodi)

No reasons have been given for this decision, however. While the regional environmental impact assessment site contains information relating to the project(1), no supporting documentation is provided by the authorities to show that any project screening was actually carried out or how this was done. On 19 March 2016, a hydrochloric acid leak occurred at the plant, which had been given an integrated environmental authorisation (AIA) in September 2015 and had become operational in November 2015. PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-005595-16 Malga Melagon landfill site, Asiago (VI) — risk of groundwater contamination. In Malga Melagon, on the Plateau of Asiago (VI), a disused quarry is being used as a landfill site for municipal solid waste (MSW).

PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-005595-16 Malga Melagon landfill site, Asiago (VI) — risk of groundwater contamination

The limestone massif on which the landfill site is situated, between Natura 2 000 sites SCI-ZPS IT3220036 ‘Plateau of the Sette Comuni’ and SCI IT322007 ‘River Brent from Trentino border to Cismon del Grappa’, is affected by epi-karst phenomena which lead to the formation of substantial underground caves (from bottom to top), which are gradually uncovered as the caverns collapse and layers of rock are quarried and removed. PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-003321-16 Bribery in connection with landfill management in Cyprus. The Cypriot authorities have issued warrants for the arrest of managers of the Helektor and Enviroplan companies on corruption charges relating to landfill management at Paphos and Koshi.

PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-003321-16 Bribery in connection with landfill management in Cyprus

The two companies are involved in many projects in Greece, including the Grammatiko landfill site, which has been the subject of numerous complaints regarding environmental infringements, as confirmed by investigations carried out by the national authorities and the EP Committee on Petitions. At the same time, the companies in question are continuing to receive contracts, including a recent PPP hazardous medical waste incinerator management project and a contract awarded to Helektor for the Fili recycling and composting plant in Attica.

Waste management in Greece is dominated by companies such as Helektor, which charge excessively high prices for their services. PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-015431-15 Tre Monti landfill in Imola. Tre Monti landfill in Imola (Bologna province) is owned by the consortium ConAmi and managed by HeraAmbiente, a company belonging to the Hera Group, which is a refuse collection group.

PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-015431-15 Tre Monti landfill in Imola

PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-006422-15 Hazardous waste stored at the former site of the Budapest Chemical Works. PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-013860-15 Identification of criteria according to which specific substances or objects may be regarded as being a by-product. In order to achieve a ‘circular economy’ and ‘zero waste Europe’ as detailed in the ‘Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions — Towards a circular economy: A zero waste programme for Europe’ (COM(2014)0398 final/2), the legislation governing processes for recycling by‐products must be clarified in order to provide certainty for companies and create an atmosphere of confidence and trust.

PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-013860-15 Identification of criteria according to which specific substances or objects may be regarded as being a by-product

Before ‘circular economy’ policies can be put in place, the legislative framework for recycling by‐products must be enhanced and improved, in light of the fact that mere application of the conditions listed in Article 5(1) of Directive 2008/98/EC is insufficient to provide any certainty for those industrial operators who are often forced to defend themselves before the courts when their by‐products are regarded by the majority as being waste. PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-014108-15 Illegal dumping of toxic waste from the former C & C factory (Padua, Italy) Stony Brook University - NOV 2013 - WASTE REDUCTION AND MANAGEMENT INSTITUTE - Degradable Plastics and Solid Waste Management Systems. Procedia Technology 8 ( 2013 ) 570 – 574 Using of GIS tools for analysis of organic waste management in Slovenia region Pomurje. Volume 8, 2013, Pages 570–574 6th International Conference on Information and Communication Technologies in Agriculture, Food and Environment (HAICTA 2013) Edited By Michail Salampasis and Alexandros Theodoridis Abstract This paper introduces the possibility of using publicly available geographic spatial data for the study of biogenic waste management.

Procedia Technology 8 ( 2013 ) 570 – 574 Using of GIS tools for analysis of organic waste management in Slovenia region Pomurje

A number of spatial data is publicly accessible in digital form on web portals or in a form of data layers, generated within various European initiatives and/or projects. Keywords Publicly available data; GIS; Biogenic waste; Pomurje; Alternative energy sources References [1]S.E. PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-010095-14 Discharges of urban waste water in Puglia. PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-009009-15 ECJ judgment on illegal landfills in Italy: quantification of the six-monthly penalty and updated list of landfill sites.

PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question P-005196-15 Illegal waste disposal in Sardinia. PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-003248-15 Waste management in Croatia. EUROPE - 2014 - Waste Prevention - A key factor in any waste management strategy. Additional tools.

EUROPE - 2014 - Waste Prevention - A key factor in any waste management strategy

UPPSALA UNIVERSITY - 2012 - Thèse en ligne : Thermal treatment of organic waste and its function as a controlled risk mitigation. Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (UPPSALA) - 2009 - Thèse en ligne : Pathogen inactivation and regrowth in organic wa. African Journal of Microbiology Research Vol. 1 (6) pp. 079-087, November 2007 Potential commercialization of a microbial medium.

African Journal of Microbiology Research Vol. 1 (6) pp. 079-087, November 2007 Potential commercialization of a microbial medium formulated from industrial food waste – guatemalt

WIKIPEDIA – Waste. People who earn their living by collecting and sorting garbage and selling them for recycling (waste pickers), Payatas, Philippines. Waste and wastes are terms for unwanted materials. Examples include municipal solid waste (household trash/refuse), wastewater (such as sewage, which contains bodily wastes, or surface runoff), radioactive waste, and others. The term is often subjective (because waste to one person is not necessarily waste to another) and sometimes objectively inaccurate (for example, to send scrap metals to a landfill is to inaccurately classify them as waste, because they are recyclable).

The terms can have various connotations, including pejorative tone (for example, "this spoiled food is nothing but waste now") or a squandering of potential (for example, "growing residential lawns in the desert is a waste of water"). Litter refers to waste disposed of improperly. Definitions[edit] United Nations Environment Programme[edit] According to the Basel Convention, Types[edit] AUSTRALIAN GOVERNMENT - 2012 - National Waste Report 2010 Evaluation Workshops. DEFRA 20/08/12 Legal definition of waste guidance. This guidance is aimed at businesses and other organisations which take decisions on a day-to-day basis about whether something is or is not waste. In most cases, the decision is straightforward and whoever is taking the decision does not need guidance from the competent authorities to help them take it.

However, in some cases, the decision is more difficult (e.g. where the substance or object has a value or a potential use or where the decision is about whether waste has been fully recovered or recycled and has therefore ceased to be waste). We consulted on the draft at the start of 2010 but pledged to publish the full document soon after the publication of the EC guidance on the WFD to ensure that the definition of waste on the two documents was still fully aligned.

The guidance is divided in three parts: The Legal Definition of Waste guidance will help operators making the decision as to whether a material is waste or not, however it cannot cover all specific issues. PSIRU, Business School, University of Greenwich FEV 2010 Waste management in Europe: framework, trends and issues.

PSIRU, Business School, University of Greenwich FEV 2010 Waste management companies in Europe 2009. FAO 01/02/10 FAO studies the relationships between urban food waste, habitats, scavengers and zoonotic diseases. FAO studies the relationships between urban food waste, habitats, scavengers and zoonotic diseases Rapidly rising incomes and urbanization, combined with underlying population growth, are driving demand for meat and other animal products in many developing countries, and, indirectly, have also increased the amount of food waste that certain zoonosis-harbouring scavengers seek to survive on.

Understanding the dynamics of disease hosts is relevant considering that animal diseases crossing over to humans are of increasing global concern and given that growing economic integration, labour migration to urban centres and trade expansion make it possible for outbreaks to rapidly spread in human populations. Historically, human food waste produced in urban areas sustained populations of free-roaming dogs and cats. The preliminary findings of this ongoing study suggest that further analysis of the linkages between urban food waste, habitats, scavengers and zoonotic diseases is warranted.