Get flash to fully experience Pearltrees
Anyone who transmits information to other people. A.LOTKA, taking up an idea also emitted by A.KORZYBSKI (1933, 1950), writes: "Man is the only animal who in any considerable measure bequeaths to his descendants the accumulated wisdom of past generations. Evolution in this case proceeds not merely by the slow process of selection , but is immensely hastened by the cumulative and continuous growth of a body of knowledge exempt from the law of mortality which sets a term on the life of the individual" (1956, p.379) To a greater or lesser degree, we are all communi-cators and it is mainly this function which shapes society. From the viewpoint of evolution , we could speak of a kind of collective lamarckian heredity of acquired mental characters. The existence of communicators in non-human systems has not be researched to any great extent, save in ethology.
Figure 1a. The Mandelbrot set illustrates self-similarity. As you zoom in on the image at finer and finer scales, the same pattern re-appears so that it is virtually impossible to know at which level you are looking. Figure 1b. Mandelbrot zoomed 6x Figure 1c.
by David Kirshbaum I. Introduction: II.
Complex systems present problems in mathematical modelling . Complex systems is a new approach to science that studies how relationships between parts give rise to the collective behaviors of a system and how the system interacts and forms relationships with its environment. The equations from which complex system models are developed generally derive from statistical physics , information theory and non-linear dynamics , and represent organized but unpredictable behaviors of systems of nature that are considered fundamentally complex .
<a href="//ad.doubleclick.net/jump/teg.ckau/kidj/a;subs=n;wsub=n;sdn=n;!c=21560523;dcopt=ist;pos=ldr_top;sz=728x90,970x90,970x250;tile=1;ord=583069199?" target="_blank"><img src="//ad.doubleclick.net/ad/teg.ckau/kidj/a;subs=n;wsub=n;sdn=n;!c=21560523;dcopt=ist;pos=ldr_top;sz=728x90,970x90,970x250;tile=1;ord=583069199?" width="728" height="90" border="0" alt=""></a> <a href="//ad.doubleclick.net/jump/teg.ckau/kidj/a;subs=n;wsub=n;sdn=n;!
Key Features -Comprehensive coverage of all main theories in the philosophy of Complex Systems -Clearly written expositions of fundamental ideas and concepts
Morphological Analysis or General Morphological Analysis is a method developed by Fritz Zwicky (1967, 1969) for exploring all the possible solutions to a multi-dimensional, non-quantified problem complex. [ 1 ] [ edit ] Overview General Morphology was developed by Fritz Zwicky , the Bulgarian-born, Swiss-national astrophysicist based at the California Institute of Technology .
Holism in science , or Holistic science , is an approach to research that emphasizes the study of complex systems . This practice is in contrast to a purely analytic tradition (sometimes called reductionism ) which aims to gain understanding of systems by dividing them into smaller composing elements and gaining understanding of the system through understanding their elemental properties. The holism-reductionism dichotomy is often evident in conflicting interpretations of experimental findings and in setting priorities for future research. [ edit ] Overview Holism in science is an approach to research that emphasizes the study of complex systems . [ citation needed ] Two central aspects are:
Roma Click (Il portale turistico della città di Roma che mette a disposizione una completa guida alla città eterna, e permettere di scegliere un alloggio in centinaia di hotel di Roma) Caffè Scienza Fiorentino (Associazione culturale presieduta dal collega Paolo Politi che ha ufficialmente sede presso l'ISC di Firenze, si occupa dell'organizzazione di incontri/dibattiti su temi scientifici e tecnologici in bar/caffe' e scuole. Links to Journals & Resource Sites Online Journals & News Complexity Digest - recent papers and news Complexity International - all aspects Dynamic Psychology - complex mental processes HyperPSYCOLOQUY - connectionist psychology+other areas InterJournal - self-organizing systems Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation - University of Surrey Noetica - cognitive psychology U.K. Non-Linear News - quarterly online paper Update Newsletter - The Center for Systems Science Virtual Physics - some complexity related articles
Systems thinking, complexity and the philosophy of science (2008) Midgley, Gerald Having made the case for science as intervention, I will then return to the theme of systems thinking and complexity in order to argue specifically for systemic intervention.
cross-posted from www.emergentbydesign.com I've seen a bunch of posts bubble up over the past few days that are really sparking my curiousity about what is really going on with Twitter, so I need to do a little brain dump. Bear with me. Insight #1 An article by Rosabeth Moss Kanter was just published today on the Harvard Business Review website, titled On Twitter and in the Workplace, It's Power to the Connectors . In it, she highlights the fact that there is an organizational trend moving away from the hierarchical networks of the 20th century, and towards complex, distributed, non-hierarchical structures of business organization and leadership.
I don’t believe in the existence of a complex systems theory as such and, so far, I’m still referring to complex systems science (CSS) in order to describe my research endeavours. In my view, the latter is constituted, up until now, by a bundle of loosely connected methods and theories aiming to observe— from contrasted standpoints—these fascinating objects of research called complex adaptive systems. Nearly 40 years after Von Bertalanffy’s General System Theory (1968) and Jacques Monod’s Chance and Necessity (1971), it is fair to look back and to try to assess how much remains to be said about these complex adaptive systems. After all, Prigogine’s Order out of Chaos (1984) already demonstrated that future wasn’t entirely predictable in a history- contingent world.
Author Affiliations Edited by Giorgio Parisi, University of Rome, Rome, Italy, and approved December 26, 2012 (received for review September 6, 2012) Abstract
Albert-László Barabási and Yang-Yu Liu, together with their collaborator Jean-Jacques Slotine at M.I.T., have developed a method for observing large, complex systems. In the image above, red dots represent sensor nodes, which are required to reconstruct the entire internal state of one such system. Image by Mauro Martino.
Simplexity is an emerging theory that proposes a possible complementary relationship between complexity and simplicity . The term draws from General Systems Theory , Dialectics (philosophy) and Design . Jeffrey Kluger wrote a book about this phenomenon that describes how house plants can be more complicated than industrial plants, how a truck driver's job can be as difficult as a CEO's and why 90% of the money donated to help cure diseases are given only to the research of 10% of them (and vice versa). The term has been adopted in advertising , and marketing and other industries. [ edit ] Design aspects Complexity tends to rise as system elements specialize and diversify to solve specific challenges.