Capoeira. As with its early history, the origins of the word capoeira remains controversial.
There is evidence to suggest that the word originates in Angola, where the word "kapwera" is the Bantu verb meaning "to fight". The word capoeira may have come from the Tupi language, referring to the areas of low vegetation in the Brazilian interior where the game was played (ka'a ("jungle") e pûer ("it was"). It was practiced by slaves and disguised as a dance in order to prevent its capoeiristas from punishment or execution for learning how to fight and defend themselves, which was forbidden to those who were legally defined as property.