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Home. Plants can hear themselves being eaten - and become defensive when attacked. Researchers from the University of Missouri found plants respond to attackThey discovered the sound of caterpillars eating made them more defensivePlants that heard caterpillar sounds released more mustard oils, which are unappealing to caterpillars and thus ward them offBut plants that heard the wind, despite having a similar acoustic sound, knew not to waste their defensive capabilitiesThis suggests plants are able to identify sounds in their environment By Jonathan O'Callaghan Published: 12:30 GMT, 2 July 2014 | Updated: 13:58 GMT, 2 July 2014 Most people don't give a second thought when tucking into a plate of salad.

But perhaps we should be a bit more considerate when chomping on lettuce, as scientists have found that plants actually respond defensively to the sounds of themselves being eaten. The researchers at the University of Missouri (MU) found that plants can identify sounds nearby, such as the sound of eating, and then react to the threats in their environment. Loaded: 0% New research on plant intelligence may forever change how you think about plants. The Intelligent Plant. That is the title of a recent article in The New Yorker — and new research is showing that plants have astounding abilities to sense and react to the world. But can a plant be intelligent? Some plant scientists insist they are — since they can sense, learn, remember and even react in ways that would be familiar to humans. Michael Pollan, author of such books as "The Omnivore's Dilemma" and "The Botany of Desire," wrote the New Yorker piece about the developments in plant science.

He says for the longest time, even mentioning the idea that plants could be intelligent was a quick way to being labeled "a whacko. " But no more, which might be comforting to people who have long talked to their plants or played music for them. The new research, he says, is in a field called plant neurobiology — which is something of a misnomer, because even scientists in the field don't argue that plants have neurons or brains. "They have analagous structures," Pollan explains. The Intelligent Plant. In 1973, a book claiming that plants were sentient beings that feel emotions, prefer classical music to rock and roll, and can respond to the unspoken thoughts of humans hundreds of miles away landed on the New York Times best-seller list for nonfiction. “The Secret Life of Plants,” by Peter Tompkins and Christopher Bird, presented a beguiling mashup of legitimate plant science, quack experiments, and mystical nature worship that captured the public imagination at a time when New Age thinking was seeping into the mainstream.

The most memorable passages described the experiments of a former C.I.A. polygraph expert named Cleve Backster, who, in 1966, on a whim, hooked up a galvanometer to the leaf of a dracaena, a houseplant that he kept in his office. To his astonishment, Backster found that simply by imagining the dracaena being set on fire he could make it rouse the needle of the polygraph machine, registering a surge of electrical activity suggesting that the plant felt stress. It’s ‘Back to the Future’ Day. How Does the Present Stack Up? Photo On Wednesday, Oct. 21, 2015, at 4:29 p.m., our today will finally catch up to the tomorrow depicted in “Back to the Future, Part II.”

In that 1989 film, Marty McFly (Michael J. Fox) and Dr. Emmett Brown (Christopher Lloyd) appear with a flash in their DeLorean time machine from 30 years in the past. Suddenly, they find themselves in the same town, Hill Valley, but surrounded by impossible technology and outlandish social mores. This collision of science fiction with present-day fact will be marked by a deluge of merchandise, including a new Blu-ray and DVD release packaging the first “Back to the Future” with its two sequels, and the animated series.

One product you will not see however, is the hoverboard. But still, perhaps this strange world is not so far-fetched after all. With the benefit of hindsight — and a closer look — “Back to the Future, Part II” proves surprisingly prescient. At least when it comes to flying cars, Mr. Continue reading the main story Video. Abigail Disney Builds a Dialogue on Gun Control. Photo In today’s click-bait media culture, “The Armor of Light,” a new documentary, could be provocatively summarized like this: Disney takes on gun-loving evangelicals. But “The Armor of Light” tries to avoid quick judgments. The Disney in this instance is not the entertainment conglomerate but Abigail Disney, an independent filmmaker who happens to be Walt Disney’s grandniece.

And the liberal Ms. Disney, 55, is not exactly trying to spar with religious conservatives or the National Rifle Association. She is attempting to initiate change through a question: “How is it possible,” she asks, “to be both pro-life and pro-gun?” “The Armor of Light,” out on Friday, Oct. 30, follows the Rev. “The Armor of Light” is Ms. Last year, she generated headlines by writing on Facebook that her great-uncle was misogynistic and racist — assertions some Disney historians and family members dispute.

Q. A. Several evangelical ministers declined to work with you. What was different about Mr. A Scourge in Paris, Love Locks Prevail in Other Cities. Photo When an estimated 45 tons of eternal love (roughly 700,000 padlocks) were removed from the Pont des Arts bridge in Paris on June 1, love as we knew it did not end, despite the outpouring of mourning on social media. Love locks are alive and well in and in many other cities around the world, where tourists are determined to deposit them as a ritual to mark a romantic trip. Whether that’s a good thing depends on the city.

Officials view them either as a scourge or as an attraction. In Paris, where there may be more locks than ever, it’s the former. “People who haven’t been to Paris can’t understand how bad it is,” Lisa Anselmo, a co-founder of, a grass-roots group whose goal is to educate the public about the damage the locks can cause. The group’s online petition requesting that Paris ban the locks citywide has more than 10,000 supporters. Using a formula based on how many locks the city said it removed from the Pont des Arts, Ms.

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