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Shining a Light on Blight... - OIKOS Tree Crops. EPA: Those Bee-Killing Pesticides? They're Actually Pretty Useless. Was it all for nought? Note: bumblebees, pictured here, have also been shown to be harmed by neonics. KZWW/Shutterstock So, there's this widely used class of pesticides known as neonicotinoids, marketed by chemical giants Bayer and Syngenta, that have emerged as a prime suspect in honeybee collapse, and may also be harming birds and water-borne critters. But at least they provide benefits to farmers, right? Well, not soybean farmers, according to a blunt economic assessment released Thursday by the Environmental Protection Agency (PDF). Wait, what? The report goes on: "This analysis provides evidence that US soybean growers derive limited to no benefit from neonicotinoid seed treatments in most instances.

" Hmmm. Nope: "Published data indicate that most usage of neonicotinoid seed treatments does not protect soybean yield any better than doing no pest control. " Ouch. One poll found that 45 percent of respondents reported finding non-treated seeds "difficult to obtain" or "not available. " Gardening Articles :: Edibles :: Fruit & Nut Trees. Gardeners who visit my backyard garden-orchard in Thousand Oaks, California, usually ask why I have so many jujube trees.

My answer is easy: No other tree gives me so much pleasure for so little effort. The jujube (pronounced juh-ju-bee or juh-juh-bee) is a member of the buckthorn family, or Rhamnaceae. Its botanical name is Ziziphus jujuba, and its common names is Chinese jujube, or sometimes, just jujube. Though the plant's origin is probably Syria, it was distributed throughout much of the Mediterranean region at least 3,000 years ago and today is most widely grown in China. This deciduous tree grows 12 to 15 feet tall, although trees are known to reach 30 feet. Fruits ripen in late summer to early fall.

Jujube grows throughout most of the southern half of North America. Trees thrive in most of California, from interior valleys in the north to the Sierra foothills, and throughout the southern region of the state. Masanobu Fukuoka interview - On Seedballs. New Fruits for Arid Climates. Index | Search | Home | Table of Contents Mizrahi, Y., A. Nerd, and Y. Sitrit. 2002. New fruits for arid climates. p. 378–384. In: J. In many countries around the world “developers” take the best agricultural lands for housing, and urbanization spreads rapidly. Traditional crops in Israel appear to be at the end of their viable economic-life-cycle, but there is hope that new crops could establish a future profitable agricultural industry (Mizrahi and Nerd 1996).

Since 1984 we have introduced and tested over 45 fruit tree species. As would be expected we have had many failures. Mongongo ( Schniz, Euphobiaceae) is a nut-producing wild tree from the Kalahari Desert in southern Africa. A species which performed very well in most tested ecozones is the African plum ( Bernh. ex C. Of the many plant families we have explored, the Cactaceae is the most important one for Israel, since water is the major limiting factor and becomes scarcer every day.

Vine Cacti Yellow pitaya [ (Schum.) </i>*} Bill Mollison - Global Gardener 4 - Urban. Jerusalem artichoke. The Jerusalem artichoke (Helianthus tuberosus), also called sunroot, sunchoke, earth apple or topinambour, is a species of sunflower native to eastern North America, and found from eastern Canada and Maine west to North Dakota, and south to northern Florida and Texas.[1] It is also cultivated widely across the temperate zone for its tuber, which is used as a root vegetable.[2] Description[edit] It is a herbaceous perennial plant growing to 1.5–3 m (4 ft 11 in–9 ft 10 in) tall with opposite leaves on the upper part of the stem but alternate below.[3] The leaves have a rough, hairy texture and the larger leaves on the lower stem are broad ovoid-acute and can be up to 30 cm (12 in) long, and the higher leaves smaller and narrower.

The flowers are yellow and produced in capitate flowerheads, which are 5–10 cm (2.0–3.9 in) in diameter, with 10–20 ray florets. The artichoke contains about 10% protein, no oil, and a surprising lack of starch. Etymology[edit] Jerusalem artichoke flowers Rossler. Lime leaves | Raw Rob: Raw food, wild food & consciousness. I’m slowly beginning to feel some level of confidence in being able to find a good variety of wild food. I’m eating plant leaves and flowers, tree leaves and blossoms, berries and small insects. I’ve recently started eating ants and have finally lost that squeamishness I used to get when eating insects. I’m sure I’d still get it with larger insects, but with the small ones I’m feeling like it’s a very natural thing to do. Lime leaves (as in Tilia x europaea, not the citrus fruit) are very tender at the moment and have a very mild taste.

Here’s a photo of a lime tree and a close up of a leaf: The Basics of Natural Farming (part 1 of 2) Feral Scholar » Blog Archive » Humanure Composting. Solving All the World's Problems - in a Garden. Composting-toilet-diagram.gif (400×455) Methane Digesters for Fuel Gas and Fertilizer - ToC. Natural Farming / Forest Gardening « SHIKIGAMI. The end of November is fast approaching and I have a post that I began back in September still in front of me. Sorry to those who have been following the ‘monthly’ report on the wild foods we are foraging. Better late than never, right? Unfortunately, attempting to document our wild diet has come at the expense of writing about anything else. And even then I am barely scratching the surface of our foraging adventures or doing justice to the particular plants of which there is so much more to say.

September saw us looking skyward. Kuri (Castanea crenata), a native of the Japanese forests, in its true wild form is known as yamaguri or mountain chestnut. But I get ahead of myself. What do we do with all these chestnuts? Drying Chestnuts We dry our chestnuts with the tough outer skins on. Pick nice large plump chestnuts without any obvious damage or worm holes. Place in a bucket and cover with water.

Drain and lay in the sun to dry. Inubiwa (Ficus erecta) Kitsunenogoma means fox’s sesame. Www.cookscommunitygarden.org/docs/Resources and Guides/Permaculture/forest gardens.pdf. No-till mulching gardening and wild gardening Fukuoka and Ruth Stout. Common and Exotic Fruit and Nut Trees. Unusual and Exotic Vine Seeds From Around the World. Our list of Exotic and Unusual Vine Seeds from around the world. TRM202 Giant Pelican Vine Aristolchia gigantea This is a real attention getter! A fast growing vine that can grow 15-20 ft tall with support. It has deeply cordate triangular leaves and large, oddly-shaped flowers that are really petal-less calyces that open to 6" wide by nearly a foot tall with a purple-maroon backing that is netted with pink etching-like marks along veins and has a yellow-orange throat.

This item is currently out of stock, if you would like to be notified by E-mail when it becomes available again, simply enter your E-mail address in the field below and hit "Submit". 3346 Chinese Pipe Vine Aristolchia debilis This exotic vine is hardy in zones 8a-10b and blossoms best in light shade. RLP069 Running Postman Kennedia prostrata Also known as Scarlet Runner. NB30 Citronella IP010 Firecracker ( Mina lobata ) FB161 Dutchman's Pipe ( Aristolochia ringens ) Strange nepethes-like flowering vine. NB31 Jungle Queen. ROOT DEVELOPMENT OF VEGETABLE CROPS. JOHN E. WEAVERProfessor of Plant Ecology, University of Nebraska WILLIAM E. BRUNERInstructor in Botany, University of Nebraska McGRAW-HILL BOOK COMPANY, Inc.NEW YORK: 370 SEVENTH AVENUE LONDON: 6 & 8 BOUVERIE, ST.; E.

C. 4 COPYRIGHT, 1927, by the McGRAW-HILL BOOK COMPANY, INC. This book is largely based upon investigations by the authors. The present work is a companion volume to Weaver's "Root Development of Field Crops. " In the study of root systems in relation to cultural practice, Thompson's "Vegetable Crops," Bailey's "The Principles of Vegetable Gardening," and similar works have been found very helpful. All of the drawings with the accompanying root descriptions are original. THE AUTHORS. Early development -- Relation of absorbing area to soil moisture -- Midsummer growth -- Maturing plants -- Summary -- Comparison with roots of field corn -- Relation of root habits to crop production -- Cultivation -- Fertilizers -- Suckering. Root Development of Field Crops: Table of Contents. JOHN E. WEAVERProfessor of Plant Ecology, University of Nebraska McGRAW-HILL BOOK COMPANY, INC.

NEW YORK: 370 SEVENTH AVENUE LONDON: 6 & 8 BOUVERIE ST., E. C. 4 1926 COPYRIGHT, 1926, BY THE McGRAW-HILL BOOK COMPANY, INC. During the past twelve years, the writer has spent much time investigating the greatly neglected field of root habits of plants. The materials for this book, except the first three and last two chapters, have been taken largely from the following publications issued by the Carnegie Institution of Washington: "Ecological Relations of Roots," Publication 286; "Root Development in the Grassland Formation," Publication 292; "Development and Activities of Roots of Crop Plants," Publication 316; and "Root Behavior and Crop Yield under Irrigation," Publication 357.

LINCOLN, NEBRASKA, February, 1926. ROOT HABITS OF RYE Mature root system--Root variations under different soils and climates--Summary. Database Search. To the best of our knowledge all the information contained herein is accurate and true. However we cannot guarantee that everyone will react positively to all edible plants or other plant uses. It is commonly known that many people suffer allergic reactions to conventional foods and products. Even amongst the more commonly eaten fruits, for example, there are plenty of instances where people react badly to them: Many people are allergic to strawberries and will come out in a rash if they eat them.Some people develop a rash if they touch the stems of parsnips.

Potatoes become poisonous if they turn green.Eating large quantities of cabbage can adversely affect the thyroid gland. In general, we believe that the overall health of people will be greatly improved by bringing more diversity into their diet and through using more natural products. We strongly recommend the following preventative precautions when trying anything new: Tim Gamble: How To Make a Forest Garden, part three. This is the third part of a three part essay on how to get started in forest gardening (read part one and part two).

For those unfamiliar with the concept, I would suggest reading my Introduction to Forest Gardening. Check out these organizations and websites for more information on forest gardening, including ideas for what trees, shrubs and other plants may be suitable for your forest garden. Agroforestry Research Trust - The world's leading temperate forest garden research institution. Excellent publications, including Agroforestry News. American Bamboo Society - Amateur and professional bamboo enthusiasts. American Chestnut Foundation - The American Chestnut Foundation is working to restore the American chestnut tree to its native range within the woodlands of the eastern United States.Arbor Day Foundation - In the USA, the Arbor Day Foundation's Tree Wizard is a very useful database of trees, including fruit and nut trees. What about traditional garden veggies? Creating a Forest Garden: Working with nature to grow edible crops: Amazon.co.uk: Martin Crawford.

Review Martin Crawford has spent 15 years creating what is almost certainly the best forest garden in the temperate world...and the breadth of his knowledge matches the depth of his experience. I've been looking forward to this book ever since I've known he was writing it. --Patrick Whitefield, author, Permaculture in a Nutshell and The Earth Care Manual. Even if you weren't going to try forest gardening, I challenge you not to want to by the end of this book. This is a seminal piece of work on truly sustainable gardening, written with great spirit and soul. --Aly Fowler, author and presenter, The Edible Garden Martin is a true pioneer. From the Back Cover Forest gardening is a novel way of growing edible crops - with nature doing most of the work for you.

Publications data & online order form. Publications You can use this form to order publications online (see ordering information for other ways to order) We can send publications anywhere in the world. Books and other publications are written by Martin Crawford and published by the A.R.T. unless noted otherwise. NEW in June: Food from your forest garden by Martin Crawford and Caroline AItken How to harvest, cook and preserve your forest garden produce Click on book to see a preview. Please order below Click on DVD image to see a preview Please order below. Agroforestry books & DVD Fruits Nuts Useful plants Agroforestry News Agroforestry News is our quarterly journal-newsletter, focusing on temperate tree and shrubs crops, and includes : reports on agroforestry research projects regular articles on fruit and nut growing native tree profiles propagation techniques forest gardening useful ground covers book reviews U.K.

& E.C. individuals : £21 (£17 unwaged) or 2 years for £39.00; Overseas individuals: £26; Institutions: £36. Nuts. Garden Plan - Landed - forest gardening. Penpol Report. Survey and Research Project on 'The Field' A report is available of the survey and research project carried out in 2009-10 on the 'The Field', the experimental site of Ken and Addy Fern ( Plants For A Future founders) in Cornwall, where they carried out research and provided information on edible and otherwise useful plants suitable for growing outdoors in a temperate climate.

Over time they planted 1500 species of edible plants on 'The Field' in Cornwall, which was their base since 1989. The Report was written by Dr Carol Wellwood, who also acted as Project Manager of the Survey and Research Project. The Report is now only available on CD here. As a taster, here is the first part: '1-Intro-Method-Results.pdf' Growing Vegetables in Close Quarters | Horticulture - The Art & Science of Smart Gardening. From the March 2010 issue of Horticulture The traditional vegetable garden has lines of single plants in long, straight rows. Depending on what is being grown, there are spaces between the plants within the rows anywhere from an inch to a foot or more. Between the rows, spacing varies from several inches to a couple of feet. If you add up all that empty space, you will find that most of your garden soil goes unused. It sits there growing nothing but weeds and allowing soil moisture to evaporate, all because of the long-held theories that plants benefit from lots of breathing room and that wide spacing allows the gardener to see and remove any weeds that emerge.

Many gardeners and small commercial growers have found a space-saving alternative to long single rows: broad, dense bands of vegetables growing shoulder to shoulder. When you pack vegetables tightly into a bed, it is extra important to pay attention to soil fertility and texture. In every inch of bare soil I see an opportunity. Cut and come again salads. Horttech.ashspublications.org/content/1/1/54.full.pdf. Activities.byui.edu/married/pdf/Companion Planting Guide.pdf.

RESULTS OF SHADE VEGETABLE PLANT. Dense planting « A Life in the Country. Www.permaculture.org.uk/sites/default/files/page/document/MixedVegGarden_A4_colourbooklet.pdf. Plant Spacing and Water Requirement. Our experience with Permaculture. Why? - Shady Grove Natural Farm. 2012 Plant List - Shady Grove Natural Farm. Don't Kill Those Weeds!!!

Intensive Gardening Methods. Self Fertile Apples (woodland forum at permies) Stone fruits. Oregon. Buy Mail Order Plants, Seeds, & Bulbs - PlantScout - Dave's Garden. All about unusual fruit to pick - serviceberries, saskatoons, gooseberries, olliaberries, boysenberries, loganberries, tayberries and more. 2012 Plant Sale. Grow tomatoes without irrigation or fertilizer (plants forum at permies) Celia Ashman. Www.permaculture.org.uk/sites/default/files/association_work/2012/june/mixed_veg_results-web.pdf. Lambsquarter and deciding on which weeds to keep. Dynamic Accummulator Weeds. Weeds to combat weeds??? (plants forum at permies) To weed or not to weed, what would be Sepp's answer?

The Wild Garden: Hansen's Northwest Native Plant Database. Oregon Tree Fruits and Nuts. Plants That Attract Beneficial Insects. PRI - Cold Climates | Resources / Resources browse. Edible Landscaping with Charlie Nardozzi. Attract Beneficial Insects with Flower Borders. Organic Pest Control: The Best Plants to Attract Beneficial Insects. Www.cog.ca/documents/WeedsMessengerSU06.pdf. Untitled Document. Wp-content/uploads/2009/04/plant-catalog-p3.pdf. Index of /wp-content/uploads/2009/04.

Wp-content/uploads/2012/03/Guilds.pdf. Wp-content/uploads/2009/04/Plant Catalog p1.pdf. America, Found and Lost - National Geographic - May 2007. Glomalin. Dynamic accumulator. Host271.hostmonster.com/~paulgunt//htf/sites/default/files/2012 Herb Primer - web.pdf. Water Harvesting in the Negev. Farm Bill "10 Base-Acre Rule" Implementation. Central Rocky Mountain Permaculture | Apios Institute | Edible Forest Garden Wiki - Useful Plant Species - Regenerative Agriculture - Edible Landscaping.

Sepp Holzer's Permaculture: A Practical Guide to Small-Scale, Integrative Farming and Gardening - Free eBook! Farming for Profit & Quality of Life. Cuba’s Self-sufficient Agriculture | Viva La Veggie; a local food revolution. SEED-SOIL CONTACT AND THE ROLE OF VAPOR IN GERMINATION. Dynamic Accumulators for Temperate Climates. Tap Rooted Plants (plants forum at permies) An Urban Landscaper's Guide to Replicating Nature's Complex Networking Systems: Search results for dawson. Bill Mollison - Global Gardener 4 - Urban.

25 Plants You Should Consider Growing – Casaubon's Book. Celosia: Nature’s Prettiest Vegetable. Practical Plants. Millennium Ark: Stocking the Root Cellar. Rocket stove mass heater. Beneficial Insects Fact Sheet. Tansy. Wild parsnip: It's like raiding a garden, but better by Samuel Thayer from the May/June, 2007 issue of Countryside & Small Stock Journal. Backyard Edibles: The Food Under My Feet | Food Under Foot. Journey to Forever.

Www.perennialsolutions.org/all-nitrogen-fixers-are-not-created-equal. List of companion plants. PAHS - Umbrella House. Prairie-root-line-drawing.jpg (1334×865) Roots, tubers, plantains and bananas in human nutrition - Nutritive value, Methods of cooking and processing.