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Anaximander was the author of the first surviving lines of Western philosophy.
According to the surviving sources on his life, Anaximenes flourished in the mid 6th century BCE and died around 528.
Aristophanes ( English pronunciation: / ˌ æ r ɨ ˈ s t ɒ f ə n iː z / ; Ancient Greek: [aristopʰánɛːs] ; Ἀριστοφάνης , ca. 446 BC – ca. 386 BC), son of Philippus, of the deme Cydathenaus, [ 2 ] was a comic playwright of ancient Athens . Eleven of his 40 plays survive virtually complete.
Parmenides of Elea ( pron.: / p ɑr ˈ m ɛ n ɨ d iː z ə v ˈ ɛ l i ə / ; Ancient Greek : Παρμενίδης ὁ Ἐλεάτης ; fl. early 5th century BCE) was an ancient Greek philosopher born in Elea , a Greek city on the southern coast of Italy . He was the founder of the Eleatic school of philosophy . The single known work of Parmenides is a poem , On Nature , which has survived only in fragmentary form. In this poem, Parmenides describes two views of reality .
Pherecydes of Syros