The 14 DIY Survival Shelters You Need To Know To Survive Anything. Basic Survival Skills. By Filip Tkaczyk There is so much information on basic survival skills that you might be asking "Where to start? " Here are 6 primary components of wilderness survival to help you thrive in any situation. Number 1: AttitudeMore than any other skill, your attitude determines how successful you are in a survival situation. This first of the basic survival skills might even determine whether you live or die! To start, consider "The Rule of Threes. " - 3 minutes without air- 3 hours without a regulated body temperature (shelter)- 3 days without water- 3 weeks without food The "Rule of Threes" provides a guideline of how to prioritize basic survival skills: first shelter, then water, and lastly food. Surviving a difficult wilderness situation also requires meeting many challenges while avoiding panic.
StopPlanExecuteAssess &Re-evaluate Number 2: ShelterMany people who are forced into survival situations often get into serious trouble because of direct exposure to the elements. Related Courses. Survival Lab: Emergency Water - Backpacker. Dew Harvesting RESULTS Sopping up dew yielded the most water for the least effort. Using a Buff ($20; buffheadwear.com), we got a cup from a shaded, saturated bush in a few minutes. Expect good results on cool nights in humid, wind-free climates, in areas with moist soil, and along damp depressions and stream channels.
DO IT Ignore advice about tying T-shirts to your feet: It’s easier to wipe your cloth-covered hand on dense, broad-leafed vegetation and grass. TIP In arid environments (high altitude, deserts), work fast when dew is present: Wind, dry air, and sudden temperature increases can evaporate it quickly. Solar Still RESULTS Best for wringing pure water from a plentiful but questionable supply (salty, muddy, choked with dead possums). DO IT Best bet: Find a hole in a sunny area. TIP Save sweat: Dig at night in soft soil. Transpiration Bag DO IT Place a smooth rock in the bottom corner of a plastic bag (the clearer and larger, the better). Don’t Run Dry >> Keep your shirt on. Guidelines and cooking tips - Solar Cooking - Wikia. [Note: The recipes on this Wiki have been developed for the simple solar box cookers with one reflector which cook at temperatures between 120 °C (248 °F) and 150 °C (302 °F). Recipes may need to be adapted when cooking with solar panel cookers and parabolic cookers.]
Guidelines by food type COOKED DRIED CEREALS AND GRAINS - (barley, corn, millet, oats, quinoa, rice, wheat) : 2 hours. Start with usual amount of water. Next time adjust to your taste. If your sky conditions are less than ideal, you may have better luck if you preheat the water and grain separately, as suggested for pasta. This is especially helpful if the grain is either very slow to tenderize (brown rice, hulled but not pearled barley) or gets mushy easily (quinoa, millet).
See also Rice and Hard porridge. VEGETABLES - Add no water. EGGS - Add no water. MEATS - Add no water. PASTA - Heat water in one pot and put dry pasta with a small amount of cooking oil in another pot, and heat until water is near boiling. See also. Solar Cooker | ForUsToBe. It’s exciting to see how much attention solar cooking is getting these days.
After all, what better way to harness the power of the sun than to use it for heat? And what better way to use heat than to cook delicious, nutricious food with zero use of fossil fuels? From the picks of top solar cookers through the award-winning $7 solar cooker to DIY instructions for a solar cooker using an umbrella and some tin foil, there’s no doubt that solar cooking offers huge benefits for villagers in developing countries, outdoors enthusiasts and off-grid fanatics alike. But unfortunately, much of the advice about solar cookers seems to assume they are a drop-in replacement for any type of cooking. Just as you wouldn’t make a poached egg in a deep-fat frier—the solar cooker is a specific cooking method, and some things work better than others. Here are a few lessons I’ve learned in my experimentation.
•Cloudy days are a killer: You might be tempted to try cooking on a semi-cloudy day. South African Company Designs Unique Solar Cooker. Household pollution kills more than 4 million people each year. Most of these fatalities are in the developing world, mostly in Africa. Many people die from inhaling smoke from cooking over wood or coal stoves.
Solar cookers could be the answer, and a pair of inventors in South Africa have made some improvements to the technology. Ground zero for the initiative is the SunFire company in Johannesburg. Moving a big metal frame with a panel of 48 mirrors attached to it, Sunfire’s solar power technologist Crosby Menzies describes the contraption. “It is four square meters of mirrors, six to eight meters in length; it is quite a large cooker. We are very pleased to have built the first one in South Africa,” Menzies says. The South African designed Sol-4 solar thermal cooker consists of an array of 48 mirrors that reflect the sun and generate heat. Within two minutes, the sunlight heats the pan to a point that its contents – sausages and onions – are sizzling away.
Generates heat Versatile. Survive Nature - Techniques for Surviving in every Natural Environment. When you find yourself lost in the forest, you should be alert to the fact that there are predators and they are dangerous. Try to fashion a spear or knife out of branches to use as protection. Among the many predators to watch out for, bears are the most dangerous (especially Grizzlies): Black Bears: If you see a black bear 50 yards away or more, then keep your distance and continue hiking always making sure to not get closer.
If you happen to come across the bear and it doesn't see you, then carefully walk away and talk loudly to alert the bear to your presence. Grizzly Bears: If you come into direct contact with a Grizzly bear, avoid eye contact. Back away slowly and allow the bear enough room to escape. Never run from any bear. The most dangerous scenario is to be between a mother bear and her cubs. What to do if a bear attacks: Black Bears: Fight back. Insects/Spiders: Depending on which forest you are located, there are insects and spiders that are poisonous. Poisonous Plants. Plants basically poison on contact, ingestion, or by absorption or inhalation. They cause painful skin irritations upon contact, they cause internal poisoning when eaten, and they poison through skin absorption or inhalation in respiratory system.
Many edible plants have deadly relatives and look-alikes. Preparation for military missions includes learning to identify those harmful plants in the target area. Positive identification of edible plants will eliminate the danger of accidental poisoning. There is no room for experimentation where plants are concerned, especially in unfamiliar territory. Description: The castor bean is a semiwoody plant with large, alternate, starlike leaves that grows as a tree in tropical regions and as an annual in temperate regions. Its flowers are very small and inconspicuous. Habitat and Distribution: This plant is found in all tropical regions and has been introduced to temperate regions. Habitat and Distribution: Tropical areas and the United States. World's Best Survivalism HowTo's « How-To News. How to Read a Compass. Navigation by way of compass may seem daunting at first to a beginner, but this trepidation shouldn’t stand in the way of learning to use one.
In fact, once you learn how to read a compass, it will be a valued friend in the back-country — one you can always count on to help guide your steps. This guide is meant to be a general overview of the basics of learning how to read a compass, with or without a map. There are only a few key things to keep in mind, and once you have grasped these fundamentals, the realm of compass navigation will be open to you forever. Compass Basics First of all, what exactly does a compass do? In short, a compass is a fixed housing containing a free-floating metal “compass needle” able to align itself to the Earth’s magnetic field. One end of the compass needle will always point towards the north magnetic pole. In addition to the floating compass needle, a compass may have a myriad of other features, but only a few are really relevant to basic orienteering. Essential First Aid Item: Activated Carbon.
Activated carbon, in powdered form, should be in every medicine cabinet and first aid kit. It is also known as activated charcoal. It is used around the world as a universal antidote for hundreds of poisons, including arsenic, mercury, pesticides, strychnine, warfarin, hemlock, E. Coli endotoxin, and gasoline. Over 4,000 chemicals, drugs, plant and microbial toxins, allergens, venoms, and wastes are effectively neutralized by activated charcoal, when it is given in sufficient quantities. Activated charcoal is also an effective detox for practically any drug overdose if administered in time. It counteracts ingested aspirin, barbiturates, Prozac, paracetamol (Tylenol), phenobarbital, amphetamines, cocaine, morphine, opium, and the list continues endlessly. In 1813, French chemist Michel Bertrand swallowed five grams of arsenic trioxide: 150 times the lethal dose. Manufacture and Storage Risks: Charcoal significantly decreases a body's absorption of all nutrients and medications.
Other Uses. Herbal First Aide. Insect Bites & Stings Essential Oils – Tea Tree, Eucalyptus, Lavender Mix any or all with a little Olive or vegetable oil and apply Cedar Wood Essential oil – kills houseflies, mosquitoes, and cockroaches in a concentration of 1 % Poultice: Tea Tree, Eucalyptus, & Lavender Essential Oil mixed with clay, add a bit of water to make a paste and put on the site. Apple Cider Vinegar – straight on the bite with cotton ball…(wasps) Baking Soda – make a paste with water Put Penny on the bite and hold for a few minutes Herbs: Comfrey, Plantain, chickweed, onion, garlic, marigold – mash or chew and apply Tinctures – Arnica, Lobelia, Echinacea, Marigold, Myrrh, St John’s Wort used externally Echinacea will reduce the allergic reaction Horsefly bites: St John’s Wort Repellent 2 oz vegetable oil or vodka ¼ teaspoon each citronella and eucalyptus oil 1/8 teaspoon peppermint, cedar and geranium oil Take care not to rub near eyes Bleeding Herbs – Cayenne, kelp, plantain, yarrow May be sprinkled or laid on the would Shock.
Simple Survival Tips -Treating Minor Sprains and Strained Muscles. During a crisis or a disaster, you may find yourself experiencing some very simple medical problems for which normal medical treatment may not be readily available. One of the more common and frequent conditions you may experience are sprained joints or muscle strain. There is a simple solution to these problems.
What’s the solution? It’s raw potato juice. Potatoes contain several helpful and beneficial properties and are one of the most widely consumed vegetables. Since it is one of the most strongly alkaline of all the foods we consume, it works to promote a healthy balance in our system. Applied externally, raw potato juice can be quite helpful in treating swelling and other disorders which may affect the joints and muscles of your body. Got potato? Staying above the water line! Riverwalker. 7 Rock Climbing Knots Every Guy Should Know. There are a lot of cool things about rock climbing, from the full-body fitness required to make it up many climbs, to the incredible ways that climbers can manage to keep their bodies on the rock, but one of the most underrated things about climbing has got to be the knots. After all, these knots aren’t just keeping shoes on your feet or a trash bag closed – they’re capable of keeping the full weight of a body from dropping right off the face of a cliff.
But you don’t have to ever step foot on the rock in order to take advantage of this knowledge, as most of the common rock climbing knots can be used very effectively for other, non-climbing purposes. Here’s a selection of climbing knots that every guy (and gal) should know: 1. Figure Eight Knot on a Bight: The Figure Eight is an incredibly strong climbing knot, and can be tied in at least two different ways – on a bight (meaning in the middle of a rope, not the end), and with a follow-through (see below). 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.
Camping Knots for Wilderness Survival. By Filip Tkaczyk Knowing how to tie good camping knots is an invaluable skill in wilderness survival situations. Its also a great asset when having fun in the outdoors. There are a wealth of different knots out there that you can learn to tie. With so many different knots, you might find it hard to choose which to learn first. Square Knot Also called a reef knot, this knot is useful for tying bandages, packages and joining shorter pieces of rope together. To begin, lay the ends of the ropes parallel and then pick up a rope in each hand.
Now tie an overhand knot as you would for tying your shoe laces by putting the right end under and over the left rope end. Then tie another overhand knot, this time putting the left end under and over the right rope. Completed Square Knot Clove Hitch Like all hitches, this camping knot ties a rope to an object. To begin, bring the rope end over and under the post. Now, bring the rope end around a third time, and tuck it under the center of the X. Bowline. Survival and zombie.