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Medieval Period

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Middle Ages, Political Organization. Famous Medieval People. Medieval Period. Medieval Literature (c. 350 – c. 1475) The Medieval period runs from the end of Late Antiquity in the fourth century to the English Renaissance of the late fifteenth century.

Medieval Period

The early portion of the Medieval period in England is dominated by Anglo-Saxons, whose language is incomprehensible to today's speakers of English. That early portion is known as the Old English period. (It is covered in a separate section of this website.) The Old English period came to an end with the Norman Invasion of 1066. Alongside Anglo-Norman, Old English developed into Middle English. The Invasion put French-speaking people at the highest levels of society. Literary selections from various centuries will give you a very rough idea of the wide variety of literature circulating in Medieval England. 12th Century.

Medieval Literature. Facts and interesting information about Medieval Life,specifically, Medieval Literature Medieval Literature - The Dark Ages and the BardsEnglish Medieval literature had, so far as we know, no existence until Christian times of the Dark Ages when Latin was the language of English literature.

Medieval Literature

English Medieval literature was not written. It is was passed by word of mouth from one generation to another by English, Welsh and Irish bards. Medieval People. Explore the Objects – The Romance of the Middle Ages. Romance is the name we give to a kind of story-telling that flourished in Europe in the late Middle Ages—in poetry and prose, in popular and rarified forms.

Explore the Objects – The Romance of the Middle Ages

Like folk tales, romances are grounded on relationships between parents and children, the monstrous and the familiar, and between triumph and disaster. While romances often tell stories of love or loyalty, not all do: in medieval French, to write en romans can simply mean to use the vernacular language, not Latin. No kind of writing is an island, entire of itself: romances incorporate motifs and settings from epic poetry, Norse sagas, Middle Eastern tales, saints’ lives, chronicles, and lyric love poetry. Most of all, romances are impelled by the narrative shape of a life, tracing an arc from orphaned child to emperor, from exile to return, or from slandered daughter to revered queen. In this way, they create person-shaped narratives that satisfy our repeated desire to learn about ourselves through telling stories. Writings: Tracing the theme of love through the arts of the later Middle Ages.

The later Middle Ages in Europe (1150-1400) is also called Gothic Awakening, when Medieval towns and cities gained freedom from Feudal obligation.

Writings: Tracing the theme of love through the arts of the later Middle Ages

The Gothic era brought by itself new styles of architecture, music, literature, and art. Both secular and religious love themes can be traced in this era. Much of Gothic architecture was influenced by Abbot Suger who tried to make a connection between God and his form of architecture. Reflected light in precious gems and golden reliquaries would represent God’s spiritual being and walls of colored glass would represent the return of Christ.

Worldly love depicted in later Middle Ages’ arts and music was influenced by the Courtly Love for the most part. By the fourteenth century, secular songs were enriched rhythmically and harmonically, and gradually replaced monophonic songs of troubadours and trouvere. Resource: Bishop Philip E. Middle Ages, Dynamic Culture of the Middle Ages. The European High Middle Ages, which lasted from about 1050 to 1300, evoke for many people romantic images of knights in shining armor, magnificent castles, and glorious cathedrals.

Middle Ages, Dynamic Culture of the Middle Ages

And to many people, the word medieval (Latin medium aevum; "middle age") wrongly suggests a cultural intermission between the classical period of the Greek and Roman civilizations and the Renaissance. History: Middle Ages. Medieval History, Castles. The Middle Ages is a period in European history which, along with its adjective ‘Medieval’, was first referred to by italian scholars and academics of the late fifteenth century.

Medieval History, Castles

They were basically stating that the society in which they now lived was significantly more civilized and advanced in many ways, than that which had existed during the previous thousand years. This may have been true within certain elite sections of Italian society which had begun to emulate the art and philosophy of ancient Greece, but generally in Italy and Europe overall no all-pervading change had occurred. Historians since that time have, however, used the terms 'middle ages' and medieval as a convenient way to refer to that general period in European history. Was Ebola Behind the Black Death? Controversial new research suggests that contrary to the history books, the "Black Death" that devastated medieval Europe was not the bubonic plague, but rather an Ebola-like virus.

Was Ebola Behind the Black Death?

History books have long taught the Black Death, which wiped out a quarter of Europe's population in the Middle Ages, was caused by bubonic plague, spread by infected fleas that lived on black rats. But new research in England suggests the killer was actually an Ebola-like virus transmitted directly from person to person. The Black Death killed some 25 million Europeans in a devastating outbreak between 1347 and 1352, and then reappeared periodically for more than 300 years. Scholars had thought flea-infested rats living on ships brought the disease from China to Italy and then the rest of the continent. Ebola: Mapping the outbreak. The Ebola outbreak in West Africa was first reported in March 2014, and rapidly became the deadliest occurrence of the disease since its discovery in 1976.

Ebola: Mapping the outbreak

In fact, the epidemic killed five times more than all other known Ebola outbreaks combined. More than 21 months on from the first confirmed case recorded on 23 March 2014, 11,315 people have been reported as having died from the disease in six countries; Liberia, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Nigeria, the US and Mali. The total number of reported cases is about 28,637.

Virus & Contagious Disease Surveillance. Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever. The Black Death, 1348. The Black Death, 1348 Coming out of the East, the Black Death reached the shores of Italy in the spring of 1348 unleashing a rampage of death across Europe unprecedented in recorded history.

The Black Death, 1348

By the time the epidemic played itself out three years later, anywhere between 25% and 50% of Europe's population had fallen victim to the pestilence. The plague presented itself in three interrelated forms. The bubonic variant (the most common) derives its name from the swellings or buboes that appeared on a victim's neck, armpits or groin. These tumors could range in size from that of an egg to that of an apple. The Black Death: Bubonic Plague. In the early 1330s an outbreak of deadly bubonic plague occurred in China.

The Black Death: Bubonic Plague

The bubonic plague mainly affects rodents, but fleas can transmit the disease to people. Once people are infected, they infect others very rapidly. Plague causes fever and a painful swelling of the lymph glands called buboes, which is how it gets its name. The disease also causes spots on the skin that are red at first and then turn black. Black Death - Facts & Summary. Today, scientists understand that the Black Death, now known as the plague, is spread by a bacillus called Yersina pestis. (The French biologist Alexandre Yersin discovered this germ at the end of the 19th century.) They know that the bacillus travels from person to person pneumonically, or through the air, as well as through the bite of infected fleas and rats. Both of these pests could be found almost everywhere in medieval Europe, but they were particularly at home aboard ships of all kinds–which is how the deadly plague made its way through one European port city after another.