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Bernard "Buddy" Rich (September 30, 1917 – April 2, 1987) was an American jazz drummer and bandleader . Rich was billed as "the world's greatest drummer" [ 1 ] and was known for his virtuoso technique, power, groove, and speed. [ edit ] Early life
Charles "Charlie" Parker, Jr. (August 29, 1920 – March 12, 1955), also known as "Yardbird" and "Bird" , [ 2 ] was an American jazz saxophonist and composer. Miles Davis once said, "You can tell the history of jazz in four words: Louis Armstrong . Charlie Parker." [ 3 ] Parker acquired the nickname "Yardbird" early in his career [ 4 ] and the shortened form, "Bird", which continued to be used for the rest of his life, inspired the titles of a number of Parker compositions, such as " Yardbird Suite ", " Ornithology ", " Bird Gets the Worm ", and "Bird of Paradise."
Leandro Barbieri (born November 28, 1932 in Rosario , Santa Fe Province , Argentina), known as Gato Barbieri ( Spanish for "Barbieri the Cat"), is an Argentinean jazz tenor saxophonist and composer who rose to fame during the free jazz movement in the 1960s and is known for his Latin jazz recordings in the 1970s. [ 1 ] [ edit ] Biography Born to a family of musicians, Barbieri began playing music after hearing Charlie Parker 's "Now's the Time". He played the clarinet and later the alto saxophone while performing with the Argentinean pianist Lalo Schifrin in the late 1950s. By the early 1960s, while playing in Rome , he also worked with the trumpeter Don Cherry .
Pharoah Sanders (born October 13, 1940) is a Grammy Award -winning American jazz saxophonist . Saxophonist Ornette Coleman once described him as "probably the best tenor player in the world." [ 1 ] Emerging from John Coltrane 's groups of the mid-1960s Sanders is known for his overblowing, harmonic, and multiphonic techniques on the saxophone, as well as his use of " sheets of sound ." Sanders is an important figure in the development of free jazz ; Albert Ayler famously said: "Trane was the Father, Pharoah was the Son, I am the Holy Ghost." [ 2 ] Sanders is also a devout Muslim. [ 3 ]
Thelonious Sphere Monk [ 2 ] (October 10, 1917 [ 3 ] – February 17, 1982) was an American jazz pianist and composer considered one of the giants of American music. [ 4 ] Monk had a unique improvisational style and made numerous contributions to the standard jazz repertoire, including " Epistrophy ", " 'Round Midnight ", " Blue Monk ", " Straight, No Chaser " and " Well, You Needn't ". Monk is the second-most recorded jazz composer after Duke Ellington , which is particularly remarkable as Ellington composed over 1,000 songs while Monk wrote about 70. [ 5 ] His compositions and improvisations are full of dissonant harmonies and angular melodic twists, and are consistent with Monk's unorthodox approach to the piano, which combined a highly percussive attack with abrupt, dramatic use of silences and hesitations.
Arthur "Art" Blakey (October 11, 1919 – October 16, 1990), [ 1 ] known later as Abdullah Ibn Buhaina , was an American Grammy Award -winning jazz drummer and bandleader . Along with Kenny Clarke and Max Roach , he was one of the inventors of the modern bebop style of drumming. He is known as a powerful musician and a vital groover; his brand of bluesy, funky hard bop was and continues to be profoundly influential on mainstream jazz. For more than 30 years his band, Art Blakey and the Jazz Messengers , included many young musicians who went on to become prominent names in jazz. The band's legacy is thus not only known for the music it produced, but as a proving ground for several generations of jazz musicians; [ 2 ] Blakey's groups are matched only by those of Miles Davis in this regard. [ 3 ]
Miles Dewey Davis III (May 26, 1926 – September 28, 1991) was an American jazz musician, trumpeter, bandleader , and composer. Widely considered one of the most influential musicians of the 20th century, [ 3 ] Miles Davis was, with his musical groups, at the forefront of several major developments in jazz music, including bebop , cool jazz , hard bop , modal jazz , and jazz fusion . Miles Davis was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2006. [ 4 ] Davis was noted as "one of the key figures in the history of jazz". [ 4 ] On October 7, 2008, his 1959 album Kind of Blue received its fourth platinum certification from the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA), for shipments of at least four million copies in the United States. [ 5 ] On December 15, 2009, the U.S. House of Representatives passed a symbolic resolution recognizing and commemorating the album Kind of Blue on its 50th anniversary, "honoring the masterpiece and reaffirming jazz as a national treasure." [ 6 ]