I am a Bedouin warrior who brought glory to Libya and will die a martyr. Muammar Gaddafi
Dictators and tyrants: absolute rulers and would-be rulers in world history - Alan Axelrod, Charles Phillips
Muammar Gaddafi Muammar Muhammad Abu Minyar al-Gaddafi [ 6 ] ( Arabic : معمر محمد أبو منيار القذافي pron.: / ˈ m oʊ . ə m ɑr ɡ ə ˈ d ɑː f i / audio ) ( c .1942 – 20 October 2011), commonly known as Colonel Gaddafi , [ nb 3 ] was a Libyan revolutionary, politician and political theorist. He served as the ruler of the Libyan Arab Republic from 1969 to 1977 and then the "Brother Leader" of the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya from 1977 to 2011, during which industry and business was nationalized. Politically an Arab nationalist and Arab socialist , he formulated his own ideology, Third International Theory , later embracing Pan-Africanism and serving as Chairperson of the African Union from 2009 to 2010. The son of an impoverished Bedouin goatherd, Gaddafi became involved in Arab nationalist politics while at school in Sabha , subsequently enrolling in the Royal Military Academy, Benghazi .