Processes and Calculations V
noun conclusion; fulfillment: Her last novel represented the completion of her literary achievement. Football. a forward pass that has been completed .
In drug development , pre-clinical development , also named preclinical studies and nonclinical studies , is a stage of research that begins before clinical trials (testing in humans) can begin, and during which important feasibility, iterative testing and drug safety data is collected. The main goals of pre-clinical studies are to determine a product's ultimate safety profile.
Throughput of a network can be measured using various tools available on different platforms.
Morphogenesis (from the Greek morphê shape and genesis creation, literally, "beginning of the shape") is the biological process that causes an organism to develop its shape. It is one of three fundamental aspects of developmental biology along with the control of cell growth and cellular differentiation .
In animal development , organogenesis (organo-genesis, compound of the Greek words όργανον "that with which one works", [ 1 ] and γένεσις "origin, creation, generation" [ 2 ] ) is the process by which the ectoderm , endoderm , and mesoderm develop into the internal organs of the organism.
Wound healing , or cicatrisation , is an intricate process in which the skin (or another organ-tissue) repairs itself after injury. [ 1 ] In normal skin, the epidermis (outermost layer) and dermis (inner or deeper layer) exists in a steady-state equilibrium, forming a protective barrier against the external environment.
See also: intramolecular forces The steric effect of tri-(tert- butyl ) amine makes electrophilic reactions, like forming the tetra alkyl ammonium cation, difficult. It is difficult for electrophiles to get close enough to allow attack by the lone pair of the nitrogen (nitrogen is shown in blue)
noun the reason for which something exists or is done, made, used, etc. an intended or desired result; end; aim; goal .
Laboratory-scale spray dryer. A=Solution or suspension to be dried in, B=Atomization gas in, 1= Drying gas in, 2=Heating of drying gas, 3=Spraying of solution or suspension, 4=Drying chamber, 5=Part between drying chamber and cyclone, 6=Cyclone, 7=Drying gas is taken away, 8=Collection vessel of product, arrows mean that this is co-current lab-spraydryer Spray drying is a method of producing a dry powder from a liquid or slurry by rapidly drying with a hot gas.
Pharmaceutical formulation , in pharmaceutics , is the process in which different chemical substances, including the active drug , are combined to produce a final medicinal product . [ edit ] Stages and timeline
Combination therapy or polytherapy is the use of more than one medication or other therapy. In contrast, monotherapy is any therapy which is taken by itself.
An overview of major signal transduction pathways.
Structural Equation Models (SEM) allow both confirmatory and exploratory modeling, meaning they are suited to both theory testing and theory development. Confirmatory modeling usually starts out with a hypothesis that gets represented in a causal model. The concepts used in the model must then be operationalized to allow testing of the relationships between the concepts in the model.
In economics, demand is an economic principle that describes a consumer's desire, willingness and ability to pay a price for a specific good or service. Demand refers to how much (quantity) of a product or service is desired by buyers. The quantity demanded is the amount of a product people are willing to buy at a certain price; the relationship between price and quantity demanded is known as the demand relationship. [ 1 ] (see also supply and demand ). The term demand signifies the ability or the willingness to buy a particular commodity at a given point of time. [ edit ] Introduction