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Saturated fat is fat that consists of triglycerides containing only saturated fatty acids . Saturated fatty acids have no double bonds between the individual carbon atoms of the fatty acid chain. That is, the chain of carbon atoms is fully "saturated" with hydrogen atoms.
The potato is a starchy , tuberous crop from the perennial Solanum tuberosum of the Solanaceae family (also known as the nightshades).
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Tocopherols (or TCP ) are a class of chemical compounds of which many have vitamin E activity.
The nitrite ion , which has the chemical formula NO 2 − , is a symmetric anion with equal N-O bond lengths and a O-N-O bond angle of approximately 120°. [ citation needed ] Upon protonation, the unstable weak acid nitrous acid is produced. Nitrite can be oxidized or reduced, with the product somewhat dependent on the oxidizing/reducing agent and its strength.
Nitrate is a polyatomic ion with the molecular formula NO 3 − and a molecular mass of 62.0049 g/mol.
Arginine (abbreviated as Arg or R ) [ 1 ] is an α- amino acid . It was first isolated in 1886. [ 2 ] The L -form is one of the 20 most common natural amino acids. At the level of molecular genetics, in the structure of the messenger ribonucleic acid mRNA , CGU, CGC, CGA, CGG, AGA, and AGG, are the triplets of nucleotide bases or codons that code for arginine during protein synthesis.
Sulforaphane is a molecule within the isothiocyanate group of organosulfur compounds . It exhibits anti- cancer and antimicrobial properties in experimental models. It is obtained from cruciferous vegetables such as broccoli , Brussels sprouts or cabbages .
Molecular structure of the flavone backbone (2-phenyl-1,4-benzopyrone)
Pterostilbene is a stilbenoid chemically related to resveratrol and is found in blueberries and grapes . It belongs to the group of phytoalexins , agents produced by plants to fight infections. [ 1 ] Based on animal studies it is thought to exhibit anti- cancer , anti- hypercholesterolemia , anti- hypertriglyceridemia properties, as well as the ability to fight off and reverse cognitive decline. [ citation needed ] It is believed that the compound also has anti- diabetic properties, but so far very little has been studied on this issue. [ citation needed ]
Turmeric ( Curcuma longa ) English pronunciation: /ˈtɝːmərɪk/ is a rhizomatous herbaceous perennial plant of the ginger family, Zingiberaceae . [ 2 ] It is native to tropical South Asia and needs temperatures between 20°C and 30°C (68°F and 86°F) and a considerable amount of annual rainfall to thrive. [ 3 ] Plants are gathered annually for their rhizomes , and propagated from some of those rhizomes in the following season. In Vietnam , turmeric is called "nghệ", "củ nghệ". When not used fresh, the rhizomes are boiled for several hours and then dried in hot ovens, after which they are ground into a deep orange-yellow powder commonly used as a spice in curries and other South Asian and Middle Eastern cuisine , for dyeing , and to impart color to mustard condiments . Its active ingredient is curcumin and it has a distinctly earthy, slightly bitter, slightly hot peppery flavor and a mustardy smell.
Anthocyanins give these pansies their dark purple pigmentation.
Curcumin is the principal curcuminoid of the popular Indian spice turmeric , which is a member of the ginger family ( Zingiberaceae ). Turmeric's other two curcuminoids are desmethoxycurcumin and bis-desmethoxycurcumin . The curcuminoids are natural phenols that are responsible for the yellow color of turmeric.
Catechin ( pron.: / ˈ k æ t ɨ tʃ ɪ n / ) is a flavan-3-ol , a type of natural phenol and antioxidant . It is a plant secondary metabolite .
An effective dose (ED) in pharmacology is the dose or amount of drug that produces a therapeutic response or desired effect in some fraction of the subjects taking it.