Ultimate guide for web developer | CoderMania. HTML / HTML5 / XHTML / WCAG / Section 508 / CSS / Links / Spelling. "HTML validation" is just a tool. This is a rant that both promotes validation and puts it down. The point is that if you don’t know what validation really is, it won’t be of much use to you, and could even be waste of time.
Validation is simply a way of getting reports about complying with some formal rules. What would you do with the results if you don’t know those rules? This document comments on “HTML validation” as performed by software such as the online services W3C Validator and WDG Validator, and A Real Validator, a product for offline use on Windows. “CSS validation” will be briefly discussed too. Validation is formal To be exact, there is no such thing as “HTML validation”. Consider the following example of a DTD: It defines a the formal structure of a very simple telephone catalog, consisting of items which contain a name and a number. <! You would then get something like the following (the format of reporting the error will vary): Note that there is absolutely no HTML in the preceding example.
Validation helps. TeacherJohn: Tutorials: How to Put HTML and CSS Validate Buttons on Your Page. To make it easy to use the W3C validators, paste the following HTML code into your page's code. Then you will have buttons(or text links that, when clicked on, will tell you whether or not the page's code is valid. These buttons also let users know that your page is following the proper HTML and CSS standards, and provides them with a link to the W3C's validators to confirm this. You can use code that places either buttons or text links onto your page. Place this code within the <body> section, probably just before the </body> tag. For “HTML 5” If you use the following buttons or text links, make sure you also use the HTML 5 DocType on the page: <! Here is the code for text links: <div> <a href=" The text links will look like this on your page: Valid HTML 5 Valid CSS Note that the W3C has not yet released official button images for HTMl 5 validation as it has for the other standards, as seen below.
For “XHTML 1.0 Strict” Here is the code for buttons (image links): Clean up your Web pages with HTML TIDY. Introduction to TIDY When editing HTML it's easy to make mistakes. Wouldn't it be nice if there was a simple way to fix these mistakes automatically and tidy up sloppy editing into nicely layed out markup? Well now there is! Dave Raggett's HTML TIDY is a free utility for doing just that. Tidy is able to fix up a wide range of problems and to bring to your attention things that you need to work on yourself.
Dave Raggett has now passed the baton for maintaining Tidy to a group of volunteers working together as part of the open source community at Source Forge. More recently, Tidy has been extended to support HTML5 and to clean up HTML exported from Google Docs. If you find HTML Tidy useful and you would like to say thanks, then please send me a (paper) postcard or other souvenir from the area in which you live along with a few words on what you are using Tidy for. The W3C public email list devoted to HTML Tidy is: <email@example.com>. Tutorials for HTML and CSS Examples of TIDY at work. W3C cheatsheet. The encoding used for an HTML page that contains a form should support all the characters needed to enter data into that form. This is particularly important if users are likely to enter information in multiple languages.
Databases and scripts that receive data from forms on pages in multiple languages must also be able to support the characters for all those languages simultaneously. The simplest way to enable this is to use Unicode for both pages containing forms and all back-end processing and storage. In such a scenario the user can fill in data in whatever language and script they need to. You should also try to avoid making assumptions that things such as the user's name and address will follow the same formatting rules as your own.
If you are gathering information from people in more than one country, it is important to develop a strategy for addressing the different formats people will expect to be able to use. So, how do I do this?
Lorempixel - placeholder images for every case. Fonts. You are here: Home > Articles > Fonts Introduction Fonts are the style of "type face" used to display text, numbers, characters and other "glyphs" as they are often called in the typography industry. Typography refers to the arrangement and appearance of text. Typography concerns not only the look of the glyphs, but how they are placed on the page (page margins, the amount of empty space between paragraphs or lines, the alignment of text, etc.). The most effective way to control font and other typographical styles is through the use of Cascading Style Sheets (CSS). Important In terms of font accessibility, there are a number of principles to keep in mind: Use real text rather than text within graphics. Real Text vs. Text can be transformed into sound through the voice synthesizers in screen readers.
Example The enlarged image of the word "University" above is difficult to read because it has become pixelated. Font Readability Best practice is to use the most readable fonts. Font families Tahoma. 8 Guidelines For Better Readability On The Web. While multimedia is becoming increasingly popular on the Web, there is no way around classic text to effectively communicate with your visitors. I admit, the Internet has been around for awhile now and you might think: “Text, don’t we all know by know how to handle it?” And I agree, we’ve had enough time to internalize the basics about written web content. For some reason, however, there are plenty of sites that still struggle with their text presentation.
A while back we looked at how to write successful web content and we gained insights into how to make content targeted, attractive, and effective. Now, let’s zoom in closer and look at how you can make sure that your content is readable. Did you know that reading online is 25 percent slower than reading from printed material? When reading a book, or an article in a magazine, we usually read word for word, absorbing the entire text, trying to filter out its essence. 1. Let’s start with the most essential part of any written content. Vanseo Design - Usable & Search Friendly Web Design. CSS sticky (but not fixed) footer • Chris Bracco. Live preview for Website Template #36943. HTML5. How to Make a Digital Clock withjQuery and CSS3 It all started last week when I saw a pretty dribbble shot, which I immediately felt the urge to convert into a working clock and share it with Tutorialzine’s readers.
If you’d like to learn how I made it, read on! Read more Smooth Diagonal Fade Gallerywith CSS3 Transitions This time, we are going to make a gallery with a smooth diagonal fade effect, powered by css3 transitions. It will scan a folder with photos on the server and display them in a grid that spans the entire browser window. 20 great examples of website footer design. When starting any website project, it's natural to want to concentrate your design efforts on the homepage and the header. As a result, the footer often becomes an afterthought - relegated to a poorly designed dumping ground for copyright information, legal disclaimers and spammy SEO links. But it shouldn't be this way. The footer of a website is as important as the header, if not more so. Why? Because the footer is the last port of call for many visitors. Strategic approach That answer will, of course, change from project to project, depending on the nature of the website and the desired outcome. Carefully consider what content to place within the footer.
Remember conventions It’s important to remember however that some conventions exist and to be mindful of them when designing website footers. The following showcase is intended to demonstrate different ways in which website footers can be utilised - we hope you find it useful. 01. 02. 03. 04. 05. 06. 07. 08. 09. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. Resources - Accessites.org.
Web Style Guide. Document Design. The documents that we produce for the web have a more complex purpose and functionality than those we create for a single medium, such as print. What works well in one context may be unusable in another. For instance, pages designed for viewing on a large display screen may not work well when printed on paper or viewed on a small cell phone display. When considering page design, look beyond the typical display screen and anticipate designs for other contexts, including print and mobile. Adaptive design Done right, web pages can adapt to different contexts without requiring multiple versions of a document. Defining styles Styles can be defined in many ways: using the style attribute within element tags, in the head element of the page, or in an external style sheet.
In practice, most consideration of media style sheets is after the fact. Figure 7.1 — Adapting the same HTML page for different display media, using CSS. Document order Sequence is an important aspect of document order. Site File Structure. Like the inner workings of a fine watch, the internal details of your site are craftwork that only other technologists will see, but your users will benefit from careful planning and thought. Discussions about site and page structure usually center around the most visible aspects of navigation, user interface, and content organization, but attention to the file and directory structure and how you name things within your site can produce big payoffs in: The hidden semantics of sites The goal of semantic organization of your site is to produce a consistent, logical system of classifications for html and other files, directories, css components, and the various logical and visible divisions within your page templates.
A consistent, modular approach to site construction can be scaled from small sites containing a dozen pages all the way up to content-managed sites consisting of tens of thousands of pages. Naming conventions Naming pages, directories, and supporting files Include files 1. 2. Preparations For a Web Design Project. 45 Incredibly Useful Web Design Checklists and Questionnaires – Smashing Magazine. Designing websites can be a long and complicated process. Dealing with clients, designing prototypes, coding, programming, and testing – there’s a lot to keep track of and a lot to make sure gets done. That’s where checklists can make your life a whole lot easier. With lists of points covering multiple areas from content to usability to accessibility to standards, you’re a lot less likely to overlook important parts of a site.
Below are 45 checklists to make your design process easier and more organized. Consider using these checklists as a jumping off point for creating your own customized list, based on your own needs. Also consider our previous article: 15 Essential Checks Before Launching Your Website1 lists some important things to check before you make your sites public. 1. These questionnaires and checklists are focused on making your relationships with your clients better. Comprehensive Web Design Checklist5 This is another client-focused questionnaire. 2. 3. 4. Dr. 5. 6. 7. 8. Track & Compare Changes To Google Webmaster Guidelines in 2013. Design checklist: What clients should provide their designer - Tracey Grady Graphic Design.
Hello! I have updated this very popular post to include a free downloadable PDF of this checklist. Preparation is key to successful management of any project, and design projects are no different. The more preparation that both client and designer do right at the start, the more smoothly the work will go. I find checklists can be very useful, so I’ve prepared a checklist of details that clients should provide their designer at the outset.
A budget Knowing the client’s budget allows the designer to establish what they will be able to realistically achieve for the money, and to perhaps suggest a range of options. A complete list of the client’s design requirements The client must make clear at the beginning just how much design work they will require, e.g. layout for a business card, letterhead and envelopes OR logo design plus web design plus email marketing template. A clear outline of why the design work is necessary and what the client expects to achieve A deadline High quality images. A Website Design & Development Project Plan Checklist / Template | Hobo. Here’s 10 examples, off the top of my head, of conversations i have actually had when I have had to postpone a website launch and the client has asked why?
….. My answers: The changes you sent to the design brief on WednesdayThe 150 images you sent to us yesterday to be included on the siteThe 50 pages of text for the website you sent to us Tuesday…. in the post….. er, on paperThis is the first time your boss has seen it? You never told us all your organisation used IE4Yes, as we mentioned, 1024×768 won’t fit on your bosses smaller screenWhat do you mean your logo is changingSo you’ve actually not got any content ready for sections 3,4,5,6 and 7? Ah….. so you want sections 3,4,5 and 7 removed from the navigation….The guy who controls your domain is leaving early today? The list could go on…… what I’ve learned to do is take some responsibility on to ensure I don’t repeat mistakes I should have learned from.
What I have learned is good communication is paramount when developing any website. Quick Usability Checklist. Does your site check off all the items mentioned on this Usability Checklist? After reviewing websites for a few months, I’ve begun to see general patterns emerge that make a site more or less usable. In this post, I’d like to highlight some of the more common problems designers should address on their own sites in a Usability checklist of sorts. Not all of these items will apply to every website, these are just suggested things to look for in your own site design.
Along the way I’ll share some sites that illustrate different items effectively. 1. Make it abundantly clear to the user what site they are on. A Sites ID is usually found at the top left of a page right next to navigation of some kind. 2. Pages on WordPress.com often have generously sized Page Titles that are hard to miss. Just as with the Site ID, the Name of any page being browsed needs to be made very clear to the user. 3.
YouTube has a clear, small primary navigation. 4. Chapter 6, Don’t Make Me Think 5. 6. 7. Website Check List (David Skyrme Associates) This website check list is a high-level check list of activities to include in your project plan. A successful web development requires attention to several strands of activity, an in particular the organization of information and changes in origanization and business processes. We have used the activities on this check-list as the starting input list of activities for several project plans for website development and as part of our Internet strategic consulting. See also our Good Web Guide. Preparation and Planning Briefing Appraisal of existing web site, IT systems Confirmation of corporate and marketing objectives Budget indication Roles and Responsibilities Pilot Selection Initial timetable First draft web marketing plan.
Content development Overall look 'n feel Standards and templates Information Architecture Navigation Paths Interactions Writing Page mark up Response forms / scripts Other special content. Guidance Each element may include lower level elements.