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Teaching & Learning Theories and New strategies Concerning Mathe

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Cognitive Learning Theory - Using Thinking to Learn. Using Thinking to Learn The Cognitive Learning Theory explains why the brain is the most incredible network of information processing and interpretation in the body as we learn things. This theory can be divided into two specific theories: the Social Cognitive Theory (SCT), and the Cognitive Behavioral Theory (CBT). This article is a part of the guide: Discover 30 more articles on this topic Browse Full Outline When we say the word “learning”, we usually mean “to think using the brain”. Cognitive Learning Theory implies that the different processes concerning learning can be explained by analyzing the mental processes first. A. In the Social Cognitive Theory, we are considering 3 variables: behavioral factors environmental factors (extrinsic) personal factors (intrinsic) These 3 variables in Social Cognitive Theory are said to be interrelated with each other, causing learning to occur.

Basic Concepts B. The Cognitive Triad. Cognitive Constructivism | GSI Teaching & Resource Center. Cognitivist teaching methods aim to assist students in assimilating new information to existing knowledge, and enabling them to make the appropriate modifications to their existing intellectual framework to accommodate that information. BackgroundView of KnowledgeView of LearningView of MotivationImplications for TeachingJean PiagetWilliam G. PerryReferences Background Dissatisfaction with behaviorism’s strict focus on observable behavior led educational psychologists such as Jean Piaget and William Perry to demand an approach to learning theory that paid more attention to what went on “inside the learner’s head.”

View of Knowledge While behaviorists maintain that knowledge is a passively absorbed behavioral repertoire, cognitive constructivists argue instead that knowledge is actively constructed by learners and that any account of knowledge makes essential references to cognitive structures. View of Learning View of Motivation Implications for Teaching Jean Piaget William G. William G. Improving learning in mathematicsi. Theories of Learning. There are three sets of learning theory generally used in educational circles, under the headings of: All of them make important points, and this site is not partisan: the issue is the "range of convenience" of each of the models. In other words what are they good for, or at? Note that because education and training are professional rather than academic disciplines (i.e. “contaminated” by assumptions about what ought to be the case as well as what is so) they are selective in the way in which theories of learning have been approached, adopted, distorted and developed. ...and education is prone to fads and fashions.

Currently there are two major fads about learning (rather than about how to teach, which has a rather faster turnover) and this is probably the best place to draw your attention to them; "learning styles"; discussed here and, rather less temperately, here simplistic application of findings from neuroscience. This YouTube clip explains why, very well. CHAPTER 2. Chapter 2 According to Romberg (Grouws, 1992), there is no general agreement on the definition of learning, how learning takes place and what constitutes reasonable evidence that learning has taken place. Some say it is observable changes in behavior, others that it means acquiring new knowledge, and other say that it is the creating of a disequilibrium. Psychologists have made different philosophic assumptions about the nature of the learning process.

Those who hold that learning is determined by the forming connections between the environment stimuli and useful responses are called associationist. A representative of this view, E.B. Thorndike (1922), recommended that in mathematics, for example, students perform much drill and practice on correct procedures and facts to strengthen correct mental bonds.

By 1943, the behaviorists were maintaining that a real science of education could be built only on direct observation. Jean Piaget's Theory of Learning Post & Behr, 1987). P. 1. 2. 3. 2. Theories of learning. Objectives: Consider a variety of theories of learning Identify several principles of learning Understand how individual differences affect the learning process There are many different theories of how people learn. What follows is a variety of them, and it is useful to consider their application to how your students learn and also how you teach in educational programs. It is interesting to think about your own particular way of learning and to recognise that everyone does not learn the way you do. Burns (1995, p99) 'conceives of learning as a relatively permanent change in behaviour with behaviour including both observable activity and internal processes such as thinking, attitudes and emotions.' It is clear that Burns includes motivation in this definition of learning.

Burns considers that learning might not manifest itself in observable behaviour until some time after the educational program has taken place. Sensory Stimulation Theory Reinforcement theory Cognitive-Gestalt approaches. Pavlov's Dogs: The Discovery of Classical Conditioning. How did experiments on the digestive response in dogs lead to one of the most important discoveries in psychology? Ivan Pavlov was a noted Russian physiologist who went on to win the 1904 Nobel Prize for his work studying digestive processes. It was while studying digestion in dogs that Pavlov noted an interesting occurrence – his canine subjects would begin to salivate whenever an assistant entered the room. The concept of classical conditioning is studied by every entry-level psychology student, so it may be surprising to learn that the man who first noted this phenomenon was not a psychologist at all. In his digestive research, Pavlov and his assistants would introduce a variety of edible and non-edible items and measure the saliva production that the items produced.

Salivation, he noted, is a reflexive process. It occurs automatically in response to a specific stimulus and is not under conscious control. The Development of Classical Conditioning Theory The Impact of Pavlov's Research. Helping pupils excel at, and enjoy, mathematics. Increasing provision in English and mathematics through planning. Issuesandideas alison wolf digital. Unlocking maths. BSRLM IP 21 2 9. Mathematics and Numeracy as Social and Spatial Practice.