Eucalyptus Aromas: A Mystery - Wines & Vines - Wine Industry Feature Articles. (Editor’s note: This article is reprinted with permission from the Wine & Viticulture Journal of Australia and New Zealand, where it appeared in the July/August 2012 issue.)
As an investigative story, the hunt for what causes eucalyptus character—and the origin of its aroma compound 1,8-cineole—in wine has the makings of a classic whodunit. The search for the culprit or ally, depending on your preference for or against eucalyptus characters, has thrown up false leads and an unexpected ending. Studying the origin of 1,8-cineole, the Australian Wine Research Institute (AWRI) found that the location and leaves of eucalyptus trees play a direct role in the concentration of 1,8-cineole and occurrence of the “eucalypt,” “fresh” or “minty” characters in wine.
Three Sisters (agriculture) Three Sisters as featured on the reverse of the 2009 Native American U.S. dollar coin In one technique known as companion planting, the three crops are planted close together.
Flat-topped mounds of soil are built for each cluster of crops. Each mound is about 30 cm (12 in) high and 50 cm (20 in) wide, and several maize seeds are planted close together in the center of each mound. In parts of the Atlantic Northeast, rotten fish or eels are buried in the mound with the maize seeds, to act as additional fertilizer where the soil is poor. When the maize is 15 cm (6 inches) tall, beans and squash are planted around the maize, alternating between the two kinds of seeds. How to Create a Gantt Chart Using Microsoft Excel.
A Gantt chart is a popular project management bar chart that tracks tasks across time.
When first developed in 1917, the Gantt chart did not show the relationships between tasks. This has become common in current use, as both time and interdependencies between tasks are tracked. Since their first introduction, Gantt charts have become an industry standard. How to Create a Line Design: 9 steps (with pictures) Edit Article Edited by Mimi, Krystle, Sondra C, Elyne and 30 others We all know that a line segment, or a line, is straight, right?
What if somebody told you that you could make curves entirely out of straight lines? Pareto principle. The Pareto principle (also known as the 80–20 rule, the law of the vital few, and the principle of factor sparsity) states that, for many events, roughly 80% of the effects come from 20% of the causes. Management consultant Joseph M.
Juran suggested the principle and named it after Italian economist Vilfredo Pareto, who observed in 1906 that 80% of the land in Italy was owned by 20% of the population; Pareto developed the principle by observing that 20% of the pea pods in his garden contained 80% of the peas. It is a common rule of thumb in business; e.g., "80% of your sales come from 20% of your clients". Mathematically, the 80–20 rule is roughly followed by a power law distribution (also known as a Pareto distribution) for a particular set of parameters, and many natural phenomena have been shown empirically to exhibit such a distribution. The Pareto principle is only tangentially related to Pareto efficiency.
Kraken. Kraken (/ˈkreɪkən/ or /ˈkrɑːkən/) is a legendary sea monster of giant proportions that is said to dwell off the coasts of Norway and Greenland.
The legend may have originated from sightings of giant squid that are estimated to grow to 13–15 m (40–50 ft) in length, including the tentacles. The sheer size and fearsome appearance attributed to the kraken have made it a common ocean-dwelling monster in various fictional works. History In the late 14th century version of the Old Icelandic saga Örvar-Oddr is an inserted episode of a journey bound for Helluland (Baffin Island) which takes the protagonists through the Greenland Sea, and here they spot two massive sea-monsters called Hafgufa ("sea mist") and Lyngbakr ("heather-back"). The hafgufa is believed to be a reference to the kraken:
Confirmation bias. Confirmation bias (also called confirmatory bias or myside bias) is the tendency of people to favor information that confirms their beliefs or hypotheses.
[Note 1] People display this bias when they gather or remember information selectively, or when they interpret it in a biased way. The effect is stronger for emotionally charged issues and for deeply entrenched beliefs. Etiquette in Japan. The code of etiquette in Japan governs the expectations of social behavior in the country and is considered very important.
Like many social cultures, etiquette varies greatly depending on one's status relative to the person in question. Many books instruct readers on its minutiae. Bathing Bathing is an important part of the daily routine in Japan. ESPN.com - The history and mystery of the high five. By Jon MooallemESPN The Magazine This story appeared in ESPN The Magazine's August 8, 2011, issue.