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The Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and on Their Destruction is the cornerstone of the international effort to end the suffering and casualties caused by anti-personnel (AP) mines. The Convention was adopted on 18 September 1997 and it entered into force on 1 March 1999. As of 23 May 2012, 160 States had formally agreed to be bound by the Convention. The Convention provides a framework for mine action, seeking both to end existing suffering and to prevent future suffering. The Convention bans the use, stockpiling, production and transfer of anti-personnel mines. In addition, states that accede to the Convention accept that they will destroy both stockpiled and emplaced anti-personnel mines and assist the victims of mines.
Several international agreements regulate or ban the use of landmines and explosive remnants of war. These instruments are a part of the body of international humanitarian law which seeks to limit the effects of armed conflict for humanitarian reasons. The corpus of international human rights law outlines the rights of persons affected by these weapons. The United Nations engagement in mine action is guided by relevant international law and it actively promotes full adherence to and compliance by States and parties to armed conflict, where applicable, with relevant treaties and international instruments, in particular the anti-personnel mine ban treaty, the convention on conventional weapons and international human rights instruments.
PEACE - PAIX