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A Theory of Reality as More Than the Sum of Its Parts. Using the mathematical language of information theory, Hoel and his collaborators claim to show that new causes — things that produce effects — can emerge at macroscopic scales.

A Theory of Reality as More Than the Sum of Its Parts

Welcome to Species: Artificial Life, Real Evolution. How your eyes trick your mind. Most Theories of Consciousness Are Worse Than Wrong - The Atlantic. According to medieval medicine, laziness is caused by a build-up of phlegm in the body.

Most Theories of Consciousness Are Worse Than Wrong - The Atlantic

Holonomic brain theory - Wikipedia. The holonomic brain theory, developed by neuroscientist Karl Pribram initially in collaboration with physicist David Bohm, is a model of human cognition that describes the brain as a holographic storage network.[1][2] Pribram suggests these processes involve electric oscillations in the brain's fine-fibered dendritic webs, which are different from the more commonly known action potentials involving axons and synapses.[3][4][5] These oscillations are waves and create wave interference patterns in which memory is encoded naturally, and the waves may be analyzed by a Fourier transform.[3][4][5][6][7] Gabor, Pribram and others noted the similarities between these brain processes and the storage of information in a hologram, which can also be analyzed with a Fourier transform.[1][8] In a hologram, any part of the hologram with sufficient size contains the whole of the stored information.

Holonomic brain theory - Wikipedia

Origins and development[edit] Theory overview[edit] The hologram and holonomy[edit] Recent studies[edit] Future - The most promising route to ‘mental superpowers’ God in the machine: my strange journey into transhumanism. I first read Ray Kurzweil’s book, The Age of Spiritual Machines, in 2006, a few years after I dropped out of Bible school and stopped believing in God.

God in the machine: my strange journey into transhumanism

I was living alone in Chicago’s southern industrial sector and working nights as a cocktail waitress. Accelerationism: how a fringe philosophy predicted the future we live in. Half a century ago, in the great hippie year of 1967, an acclaimed young American science fiction writer, Roger Zelazny, published his third novel.

Accelerationism: how a fringe philosophy predicted the future we live in

In many ways, Lord of Light was of its time, shaggy with imported Hindu mythology and cosmic dialogue. Yet there were also glints of something more forward-looking and political. The complexity of social problems is outsmarting the human brain. When mulling over possible reasons for the alarming nastiness associated with the recent presidential election in the United States, I am reminded of my grade-school bully.

The complexity of social problems is outsmarting the human brain

Handsome, often charming, superbly athletic, the bully (let’s call him Mike) would frequently, usually without clear provocation, kick, punch and shove other classmates. Fortunately, for reasons not apparent at that time, he never bothered me. Fast-forward 20 years. Within the Next 30 Years: Humanity Will Be Transformed by Exponential Growth. The liberal prepper movement is on the rise in Trump's America — Quartz. A month before the 2016 US presidential election, Colin Waugh and his wife bought their first firearm.

The liberal prepper movement is on the rise in Trump's America — Quartz

Wars are not won by military genius or decisive battles. British Army gas casualties, April 1918.

Wars are not won by military genius or decisive battles

Wikipedia War is the most complex, physically and morally demanding enterprise we undertake. Noam Chomsky on stupid people. Words. Elon Musk is setting up a company that will link brains and computers. Billionaire futurist space explorer Elon Musk has a new project: a "medical research company" called Neuralink that will make brain-computer interfaces.

Elon Musk is setting up a company that will link brains and computers

Musk's projects are frequently inspired by science fiction, and this one is a direct reference to a device called a "neural lace," invented by the late British novelist Iain M. Banks for his Culture series. In those books, characters grow a semi-organic mesh on their cerebral cortexes, which allows them to interface wirelessly with AIs and create backups of their minds. Having a neural lace, in Banks' fiction, makes people essentially immortal—if they die, they're revived from the last backup.

Musk isn't seeking immortality just yet, however. According to The Wall Street Journal, the company will likely be funded entirely by Musk or by the Founders Fund, a VC firm founded by Peter Thiel. The Eternal Search for a Gun That Doesn’t Kill. This article was published in partnership with The Marshall Project, a nonprofit news organization that covers the US criminal justice system.

The Eternal Search for a Gun That Doesn’t Kill

Sign up for their newsletter, or follow The Marshall Project on Facebook or Twitter. Low levels of simple chemical associated with aging, DNA damage. Approximately ten thousand times each day, the DNA in our cells receives some damage, but most of that damage is repaired by our cells' built-in DNA repair systems.

The efficiency of these DNA repair systems decline with age, however, and that's thought to lead to age-related health problems and cancer. Brain is 10 times more active than previously measured. A new UCLA study could change scientists' understanding of how the brain works -- and could lead to new approaches for treating neurological disorders and for developing computers that "think" more like humans. The research focused on the structure and function of dendrites, which are components of neurons, the nerve cells in the brain.

Neurons are large, tree-like structures made up of a body, the soma, with numerous branches called dendrites extending outward. Somas generate brief electrical pulses called "spikes" in order to connect and communicate with each other. Scientists had generally believed that the somatic spikes activate the dendrites, which passively send currents to other neurons' somas, but this had never been directly tested before. This process is the basis for how memories are formed and stored. Scientists have believed that this was dendrites' primary role. Artificial Stupidity. Why upgrading your brain could make you less human. Institute for the Study of Globalization and Covert Politics (ISGP) In not-too-distant future, brain hackers could steal your deepest secrets.

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Immortality. Hybrid. BioHacker. Virtual Living. Computer Technology Futures. Simulation. Game theorists crack poker. Maxuser/Shutterstock Robots are unlikely to be welcome in casinos any time soon, especially now that a poker-playing computer has learned to play a virtually perfect game — including bluffing.

A new computer algorithm can play one of the most popular variants of poker essentially perfectly. Its creators say that it is virtually “incapable of losing against any opponent in a fair game”. This is a step beyond a computer program that can beat top human players, as IBM's chess-playing computer Deep Blue famously did in 1997 against Garry Kasparov, at the time the game's world champion. The poker program devised by computer scientist Michael Bowling and his colleagues at the University of Alberta in Edmonton, Canada, along with Finnish software developer Oskari Tammelin, plays perfectly, to all intents and purposes.

Philosophy of ARE

GQ. Singularity.