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The Four Sentence Abstract. I found this many many years ago, and have used it ever since.

The Four Sentence Abstract

While it is not ideal for framing a research question where you don’t yet know the outcome (as that is a reasonably speculative model of research) for writing a summary of a chapter, or a proposal for an essay or conference paper, it has never failed. The original is from Kent Beck, which I think is missing but a fine Canadian (one Michael W. Godfrey) has kept it. My summary is: I try to have four sentencesin my abstract. The first states the problem.The second states why the problem is a problem.The third is my startling sentence.The fourth states the implication of my startling sentence. The Indian Tribes of North America. Creative Learning Exchange — An Illustrated Book of Bad Arguments. Three Focusing Activities to Engage Students in the First 5 Minutes of Class. In the previous two articles, I shared ideas to address student accountability and student preparation in the flipped classroom.

Three Focusing Activities to Engage Students in the First 5 Minutes of Class

Based on your feedback and emails, getting students to come to class prepared is an ongoing challenge for many of us! Using Gaming Principles to Engage Students. This year the NMC Horizon Report eliminated “games and gamification” from its list of emerging technology trends in K-12 settings.

Using Gaming Principles to Engage Students

NMC’s CEO Larry Johnson explained that, “For most people, it’s just too hard to integrate and there are no tools to make it easier.” Though gamification has been widely adopted in other industries like marketing and professional development, Johnson says he just doesn’t see it “making the mainstream” in education. We’re here to say that Johnson is mistaken. Gamification is not a dying trend, and it’s not too difficult to integrate into a formal learning setting. Mostly, it’s just misunderstood. It’s not as though formal learning settings are completely disconnected from the concept of gaming. What does translate to engagement, but often goes unrecognised, is a deep motivation that stems from low personal stakes and elusive but reachable goals.

Easy Cite referencing tool. Easy Cite lets you look up referencing tips and examples in a selection of styles used at RMIT.

Easy Cite referencing tool

For guides to other referencing styles, or if you'd prefer to work with a printed guide, visit our Referencing guides for printing. Accessibility Easy Cite referencing tool is inaccessible to keyboard users and assistive technologies. You can navigate it on devices with a touch screen or download accessible Word versions. Feedback To report an error or to send us feedback, please use the Easy Cite feedback form. Things you were taught at school that are wrong. Do you remember being taught you should never start your sentences with “And” or “But”? What if I told you that your teachers were wrong and there are lots of other so-called grammar rules that we’ve probably been getting wrong in our English classrooms for years? How did grammar rules come about? To understand why we’ve been getting it wrong, we need to know a little about the history of grammar teaching.

Grammar is how we organise our sentences in order to communicate meaning to others. Levels and progression - ESL Language studies abroad. Deb's Top 10 Tips When You Are Assigned a Non-English Speaking Student! - Minds in Bloom. As an ELL teacher, this scene has occurred several times during my teaching career: A concerned teacher rather frantically approaches me and exclaims, “What do I do?

Deb's Top 10 Tips When You Are Assigned a Non-English Speaking Student! - Minds in Bloom

My new student doesn’t speak any English!!” When this happens, I tend to react in two ways. Reading revolutions: Online digital text and implications for reading in academe. A Neurologist Makes the Case for Teaching Teachers About the Brain. "Neuroscience should be required for all students [of education] . . . to familiarize them with the orienting concepts [of] the field, the culture of scientific inquiry, and the special demands of what qualifies as scientifically based education research.

A Neurologist Makes the Case for Teaching Teachers About the Brain

" - Eisenhart & DeHaan, 2005 Do you recall some of your college professors who knew their subject matter but had zero teaching skills? Staying awake in their one-way-directed lecture classes required Herculean strength (or lots of coffee). They were never trained to develop the skillset of engagement strategies. Even though I was a physician with a strong science background, when I decided to become a classroom teacher (and thought I'd teach science), I did not want to make that career change without the benefit of instruction and guided student teaching. Tutorials. Future of Storytelling Course. About this course Are you interested in the mechanics of current fiction formats?

Future of Storytelling Course

Do you want to know how stories are told? Do you want to analyze, understand, contextualize and create stories and narratives? 15 Reading Materials That Aren't Books. 16 Inspirational Quotes From Children's Literature. Your Paper Brain and Your Kindle Brain Aren't the Same. Manoush Zomorodi, managing editor and host of WNYC's New Tech City, recalls a conversation with the Washington Post's Mike Rosenwald, who's researched the effects of reading on a screen.

Your Paper Brain and Your Kindle Brain Aren't the Same

“He found, like I did, that when he sat down to read a book his brain was jumping around on the page. He was skimming and he couldn’t just settle down. He was treating a book like he was treating his Twitter feed," she says. Neuroscience, in fact, has revealed that humans use different parts of the brain when reading from a piece of paper or from a screen. The Thinker Builder: 7 Ways to Get Kids Deeper into Text Right Now. All students are capable of thinking deeply about a text.

The Thinker Builder: 7 Ways to Get Kids Deeper into Text Right Now

But that doesn't mean it's easy. And often it doesn't come naturally. The Seven Elements of Digital Storytelling. Pixar’s Rules of Storytelling in Lego. Pixar’s 22 Rules of Storytelling were first tweeted by story artist Emma Coats in 2012.

Pixar’s Rules of Storytelling in Lego

Alex Eylar, aka ICanLegoThat, has taken 12 of these rules and illustrated them using Lego. Enjoy! 1. You admire a character for trying more than for their successes. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 50+ Storytelling Ideas. I’ve always loved being drawn into a great book. I also enjoy writing and creating stories myself. My son (age 2.5) is at the perfect stage for storytelling. He walks around with his cars, stuffed animals, and other toys setting scenes and talking about their actions.

Whether he’s retelling events that have happened to him in real life or making up fantastically improbable stories, he is practicing language skills, and his imagination is hard at work. I’ve collected 65 storytelling ideas from around the web. Using Echoic Memory to Improve Reading Instruction. A Teacher Shares: 7 No-fail ways to help your struggling reader! Share with a friend or save for later... I absolutely love my job! I get to spend the day reading to kids, reading with kids and doing everything humanly possible to get them to recognize the importance of reading… and get paid to do it! Okay… so you know that reading is important. Level 2 Academic Literacy, Language, Learning and Study Skills Support. ICDL - International Children's Digital Library. I Need My Monster - Storyline Online.

5 Reasons Kids Should Read Fairytales. John Hattie & His High Impact Strategies. John Hattie synthesized over 500,000+ studies related to student achievement in his book Visible Learning. He showed that teachers can make a difference despite other circumstances that may impede learning.

In fact, Hattie found that most teachers have some degree of impact on their students’ learning. However, some teachers have far more impact than others. Why our children are so bored at school, cannot wait, get easily frustrated and have no real friends? — Victoria Prooday - Occupational Therapist. “My son doesn’t like vegetables.” Giving Student Feedback: 20 Tips To Do It Right. Taking Notes By Hand May Be Better Than Digitally, Researchers Say. Laptops are common in lecture halls worldwide. Students hear a lecture at the Johann Wolfang Goethe-University on Oct. 13, 2014, in Frankfurt am Main, Germany.

Why Finland has the best schools. 14 things that are obsolete in 21st century schools. Teacher wellbeing: how to mentally prepare for a new school year. 6 Avoidable Mistakes That Can Kill A New Teacher’s Career. Personalised Professional Development with Twitter. Plain Old Good Teaching. 9 Elephants in the (Class)Room That Should “Unsettle” Us - Will Richardson. 17 Formative Digital Assessment Tools That Help You Know Students. Alte framework. READI Oral Proficiency Criteria. Litz - Student-directed Assement in ESL/EFL: Designing Scoring Rubrics with Students. The Internet TESL Journal David LitzUAE University (Al-Ain, United Arab Emirates)davidralitz(at) Introduction This paper will discuss and provide a useful example of "negotiable contracting" (Stix, 1997), an innovative assessment approach in ESL whereby students are actively involved in the construction or creation of rubrics prior to undertaking more complex language learning tasks.

It will be demonstrated that the art of negotiable contracting not only empowers students by giving them shared ownership of their own learning and assessment but it also provides them with additional opportunities to use the target language as they analyze and discuss the rubric construction process, examine the rubrics and their different levels, generate descriptive language from the rubric's criteria, and suggest revisions for improvement based on criteria in the rubric.

Video tutorial ForAllRubrics: creare e usare Rubriche di Valutazione. Short videos about assessment - Engage in Assessment - University of Reading. Assessment: Lower Stakes, Raise Retention. Marie Delaney: Inclusive assessment approaches to learning in the English Language Classroom – I’m a teacher not a psychologist! Creative Ways to Grade and Provide Feedback for Students. Teachers work very hard to give all students as much feedback on their work as possible.

Six Tools for Creating Classroom Quiz Games - A Comparison Chart. Google Classroom Introduction and Best Practices - MOLLY GAFE. 5 Fantastic, Fast, Formative Assessment Tools. Feedback on Written Work - Digital Approaches to Formative Assessment. Learning English level 1. 45 Ways To Avoid Using The Word 'Very'. Top 1500 Nouns used in English Vocabulary Words for Speaking. Verb Tenses—Grammar Rules. Seven Questions to Guide Decisions of an Educational Leader – David Geurin. Five Fatal Mistakes That Halt High Performance Leaders. 12 Critical Competencies For Leadership in the Future. Forbes Welcome. Education Week. Kitchen Tools - Modern Kitchen Tools Manufacturer from Delhi. Vocabulary for learning English. Pronounce Names - Dictionary of Name Pronunciation, How to say or pronounce names, Name pronunciation website.

Czech picture dictionary. Dictionary and Thesaurus. Suffix Word List. List of Transition Words. English Vocabulary List - Learn Frequently Used Most Common Words. Nounlist. 197 Educational YouTube Channels You Should Know About - InformED :

Finally, a language-learning app that works. English Vocabulary Exercises By Topic - ESL Vocabulary Tests. LearnEnglish GREAT Videos on the App Store. English Language Apps - Page 21. TEDICT - Learn English with TED.