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St Andrews. Coordinates: St Andrews (Scots: Saunt Aundraes[2] Scottish Gaelic: Cill Rìmhinn)[3] is a former royal burgh on the east coast of Fife in Scotland, named after Saint Andrew the Apostle. The town is home to the University of St Andrews, the third oldest university in the English-speaking world and the oldest in Scotland. The University is an integral part of the burgh, and during term time students make up approximately one third of the town's population. St Andrews has a population of 16,680, making this the fifth largest settlement in Fife. There has been an important church in St Andrews since at least the 8th century, and a bishopric since at least the 11th century.

St Andrews is also known worldwide as the "home of golf". Name[edit] The earliest recorded name of the area is Muckross (from Scottish Gaelic Mucrois, meaning "Boar's head/peninsula").[4] After the founding of a religious settlement in Muckross in around 370 AD, the name changed to Cennrígmonaid. History[edit] Transport[edit] St Andrews Feature Page on Undiscovered Scotland. A settlement called Kilrimont has existed on the site of St Andrews since the dark ages. By 1150 St Andrews had assumed the leading role in the Scottish Church and by 1413 it was home to St Andrews University, the first university in Scotland.

Perhaps most momentous of all it became, also in the 1400s, the place where people first started hitting small balls into holes in the ground. Today's St Andrews is famous throughout the world as the home of golf. As originally played it had origins in a continental game a little like croquet. The key date in the world-wide spread of golf was the formation in St Andrews of the Society of St Andrews Golfers, in 1754.

There are six golf courses sharing the promontory of links land that sticks out into the River Eden estuary immediately to the north west of St Andrews. Despite this fame, the town of St Andrews actually revolves as much around its university as its golf courses. And beyond the harbour lies the attractive beach of East Sands. Browser Population. St Andrews And Surrounding Area. St Andrews is a charming and historic town that attracts visitors from all over the world. St Andrews is known worldwide as The Home of Golf, and also boasts Scotland's oldest university.

The St Andrews Royal and Ancient Golf Club first met here in the spiritual home of golf in 1754, though it was first played here as early as the 15th century. The Old Course, which you can play, is most famous of the town's eight championship courses, and has played host to some of the world’s finest golfers at the British Open Championship over the years. St Andrews University, founded in 1410, dominates the centre of town. The elegant, ivy-clad buildings and delightful quadrangles and gardens have seen a procession of famous graduates such as Prince William.

One of the top universities in Britain, St Andrews is often compared to Oxford and Cambridge for its defining presence and the collegiate feel it gives to the town. The official visitor gateway to St Andrews, Scotland | St Andrews. St Andrews – Travel guides at Wikivoyage. St Andrews St Andrews Castle The Royal Burgh of St Andrews is a small town (population 18,000) in the kingdom of Fife on the east coast of Scotland, facing the North Sea, and hosting the oldest university in Scotland. The town is perhaps most famous, however, as the home of golf. Understand[edit] St Andrews was historically the Ecclesiastical capital of Scotland. The cathedral was the most important in Scotland during the mediaeval period, and the Bishops of St Andrews lived in St Andrews Castle. The University grew up out of the cathedral, and was founded in 1410, being the oldest university in Scotland, and the third oldest university in the English-speaking world. St Andrews is also seen as the Home of Golf, being the home of the Royal and Ancient [1], one of the oldest Golf Clubs in the world and the R&A [2] one of game's worldwide ruling bodies.

Get in[edit] By plane[edit] Flights to London are also available from nearby Dundee Airport - 14 mi (23 km). By train[edit] By bus[edit] St Andrews Festival 2012 - 23rd November to 2nd December. Visit St Andrews - St Andrews Merchants' Association. St. Andrews, Scotland - Links and information to all things about St Andrews. The Royal Burgh of St Andrews Community Council Website. St Andrews Museum. St Andrews Museum. Print Map Map Data Map data ©2014 Google Map St Andrews Museum is situated in a beautiful Victorian mansion within the grounds of Kinburn Park. The museum is home to the 'Cafe in the Park' selling homemade food during Museum opening hours. The long term display, St Andrews A-Z, is housed in the downstairs gallery.

Disabled Access: disabled toilets, disabled parking, full disabled access, wheelchair available Opening Hours April to September: 10:00 to 17:00 daily October to March: 10:30 to 16:00 daily Resources Baby Changing Facilities Café Disabled Parking Disabled Ramp Disabled Toilets Exhibition Space Garden Internal access via lift and/or stair Lift Parking Facilities - Free Photograph Collections Public Toilets Publications for Sale - Local History Shop Wi-fi Access.

St Andrews Cathedral. The Cathedral of St Andrew (often referred to as St Andrews Cathedral) is a ruined Roman Catholic cathedral in St Andrews, Fife, Scotland. It was built in 1158 and became the centre of the Medieval Catholic Church in Scotland as the seat of the Archdiocese of St Andrews and the Bishops and Archbishops of St Andrews. It fell into disuse and ruin after Catholic mass was outlawed during the 16th-century Scottish Reformation. It is currently a monument in the custody of Historic Scotland. The ruins indicate that the building was approximately 391 feet (over 100 metres) long, and is the largest church to have been built in Scotland. History[edit] Founding and development[edit] Work began on the new cathedral in 1158 and continued for over a century. A fire partly destroyed the building in 1378; restoration and further embellishment were completed in 1440. Greyfriar (Franciscan) and Blackfriar (Dominican) friars had properties in the town by the late 15th century and possibly as late as 1518.

St Andrews Cathedral & St Rule's Tower

St Andrews Castle. Ruins of St Andrews castle The castle's grounds are now maintained by Historic Scotland, and are entered through a visitor centre with displays on its history. Some of the best surviving carved fragments from the castle are displayed in the centre, which also has a shop. Wars of Scottish Independence[edit] During the Wars of Scottish Independence, the castle was destroyed and rebuilt several times as it changed hands between the Scots and the English. It remained in this ruined state until Bishop Walter Trail rebuilt it at the turn of the century. Home to kings[edit] Use as a prison[edit] Reformation and siege[edit] During the Scottish Reformation, the castle became a centre of religious persecution and controversy. Beaton's arms on a panel believed to have been removed from one of his private apartments in the castle.

A view from the courtyard St Andrews castle Decline and current condition[edit] External links[edit] St Andrews Castle - site information from Historic Scotland [edit] St Andrews Castle Tour Information. Last Updated on Sunday, 04 August 2013 11:37 Find Scotland Tours that feature St Andrews Castle. St Andrews Castle was initially built for the Bishops and Archbishops of St Andrews in the 13th century. Since then it has suffered from sieges, storm damage and bombardments by French ships, so now there isn't a lot left standing. Indeed, you can see most of the remains from the perimeter wall. Although most of St Andrews castle has gone, a visit is still interesting as the visitor centre provides a small, but very good exhibition that summarises the history of the town.

Interesting features of St Andrews Castle are the siege tunnels that were dug in 1546 by attackers trying to breach the castle defences. Two tunnel entrances are still visible in rooms that are either side of the main castle entrance, but these tunnels were in the wrong location and were aborted. The entrance to the main and most interesting tunnel is easily missed as it is not located where you would expect it to be. St Andrews Castle Feature Page on Undiscovered Scotland. An essential part of any tour of St Andrews is a visit to the ruin of its once mighty castle.

This site was fortified by the 1100s, and from around 1200 it was adopted as the main residence of the bishops and archbishops of St Andrews. As such, the castle became the principal administrative centre of the Scottish church and was the setting for some of the key events in Scottish history. Little of this early castle can be traced through the existing ruins. Almost nothing remains of the earliest structure which suffered badly during the Wars of Independence and was finally rendered indefensible by the Scots in 1337 to avoid it being held again by the English.

Completed in about 1400, the "new" castle was the work of Bishop Trail. With steep cliffs protecting it to the north and east and thick curtain walls and rock cut ditches on its landward side, it was built to be easily defended. A long siege followed on the orders of the Regent, the Earl of Arran.

St Andrews Castle - Bishop's Palace - Archbishop of St Andrews. St Andrews Castle - St Andrews. St Andrews Castle is the ruins of the castle of the Archbishops of St Andrews, dating in part from the 13th century. On a headland to the north of St Andrews stand the ruins of the city's castle, the main residence of the bishops and archbishops of St Andrews and the focal point of the church in medieval Scotland. Explore the underground 16th-century siege mine and counter-mine, and the 'bottle dungeon', one of the most infamous castle prisons in medieval Britain, which was cut out of the solid rock.

John Knox and George Wishart may have been imprisoned in this dank and airless space, and this is where its believed Cardinal Beaton’s body was kept when he was murdered in 1546. There is a visitor centre, with wheelchair access, and a display with multi-sensory aspects for visitors with visual impairments. There is no access to the bottle dungeon, mines or upper floors of the castle for visitors using wheelchairs or with limited mobility. ST ANDREWS CASTLE Property Detail. St Andrews Castle. The site on which St Andrews Castle stands has been fortified since the 1100's and was adopted as the chief residence of the bishops and archbishops of St Andrews by 1200, becoming the principal administrative centre of the Scottish Church.

The original castle however was badly damaged during the Wars of Independence, and rendered indefensible by the Scots in 1337 to avoid it again being held by the English. Completed in about 1400, the "new" castle was the work of Bishop Trail. With steep cliffs protecting it to the north and east, thick curtain walls and rock cut ditches on its landward side it was built to be easily defended. Within these walls were five square towers providing residence for the bishop, his large household and guests. Ranges were built along the inside of each length of curtain wall and further accommodation was provided in outer courtyards to the south and west. St Andrews Castle | castle in St Andrews and St Leonards, Fife. University of St Andrews. The University of St Andrews is a public research university in St Andrews, Fife, Scotland. It is the oldest of the four ancient universities of Scotland, and the third oldest in the English-speaking world (following Oxford and Cambridge).

It was founded between 1410 and 1413 when the Avignon Antipope Benedict XIII issued a Papal Bull to a small founding group of Augustinian clergy. In post-nominals the university's name is abbreviated as St And (from the Latin Sancti Andreae). St Andrews is ranked as the fourth best university in the UK by the Guardian University Guide 2013 and the Times Good University Guide 2014. The University is located in the small town of St Andrews in rural Fife. St Andrews boasts five Nobel Laureates: two in Chemistry and one each in Peace, Literature and Physiology or Medicine. History[edit] Foundation[edit] College Hall, within the 16th century St Mary's College building Development[edit] Modern period[edit] St Salvator's Chapel in 1843 General Council[edit] University of St Andrews - Scotland's first university, founded 1413. List of alumni of the University of St Andrews. This list of alumni of the University of St Andrews includes graduates, non-graduate former students, and current students of the University of St Andrews.

Academia and research[edit] Educators[edit] Professors and researchers[edit] Sciences[edit] Humanities[edit] Nobel laureates[edit] The Nobel Prizes are awarded each year for outstanding research, the invention of ground-breaking techniques or equipment, or outstanding contributions to society. Medicine[edit] Business and finance[edit] Government, law, and public policy[edit] Note: Individuals who belong in multiple sections appear in the first relevant section. Politics and public affairs[edit] Members of the Scottish Parliament[edit] Members of the House of Commons[edit] Other[edit] Law[edit] Military and national intelligence[edit] Journalism and media[edit] Literature, writing, and translation[edit] Entertainment[edit] Music[edit] Visual arts[edit] Religion[edit] Royalty[edit] Sports[edit] Other[edit] See also[edit] University of St Andrews References[edit]

William Dunbar. William Dunbar (born 1459 or 1460) was a Scottish makar poet active in the late fifteenth century and the early sixteenth century. He was closely associated with the court of King James IV of Scotland[1] and produced a large body of work in Scots distinguished by its great variation in themes and literary styles. He was probably a native of East Lothian, as assumed from a satirical reference in the Flyting of Dunbar and Kennedie where it is also hinted that he was a member of the noble house of Dunbar.[2][3] His surname is often written as Dumbar. Biography[edit] Dunbar first appears in the historical record in 1474 as a new student or determinant of the Faculty of Arts at the University of St Andrews.[4][5] Since the customary age for entering a Scottish university at this time was fourteen, a birth-date of 1459 or 1460 has been assumed.

The last reliable reference to Dunbar is in the Treasurer's Accounts for May 1513[1] where he is recorded receiving a payment of his pensioun. William Dunbar. Gavin Douglas. Gavin Douglas (c. 1474 – September 1522) was a Scottish bishop, makar and translator. Although he had an important political career, it is for his poetry that he is now chiefly remembered. His principal pioneering achievement was the Eneados, a full and faithful vernacular translation of the Aeneid of Virgil and the first successful example of its kind in any Anglic language.

Other extant poetry includes his Palice of Honour and possibly King Hart. Life and career[edit] Early life[edit] Gavin (or Gawin, Gawane, Gawain) Douglas was born c. 1474–1476, at Tantallon Castle, East Lothian, the third son of Archibald, 5th Earl of Angus by his second wife Elizabeth Boyd. Early career[edit] Until the Battle of Flodden in September 1513, Gavin Douglas appears to have been occupied with his ecclesiastical duties and literary work. Political career in the minority of James V[edit] Bishop of Dunkeld[edit] Death[edit] Works[edit] Palice of Honour[edit] Eneados[edit] Other accredited works[edit] See also[edit] Gavin Douglas. John Knox. John Knox. James Graham, 1st Marquess of Montrose. John Graham of Claverhouse, Viscount Dundee. John Napier. John Napier. Robert Fergusson. Robert Fergusson. Thomas Chalmers. Rev Thomas Chalmers. John Graham, 1st Viscount Dundee.

James Graham, Marquis of Montrose. David Beaton. Cardinal David Beaton. George Buchanan. George Buchanan. Philosophers at St Andrews. The Royal and Ancient Golf Club of St Andrews. The home of golf. St Andrews Aquarium | St Andrews, Fife, Scotland. St-andrews-botanic.org. Craigtoun Country Park. Craigtoun Park | St Andrews. Craigtoun Country Park, By St. Andrews. Rofsie Estate :: St Andrews. Who was St Andrew? St. Andrew's Day.