Gnaeus Julius Agricola. Early life His mother was Julia Procilla.
The Roman historian Tacitus describes her as "a lady of singular virtue". Tacitus states that Procilla had a fond affection for her son. Agricola was educated in Massilia (Marseille), and showed what was considered an unhealthy interest in philosophy. Political career He began his career in Roman public life as a military tribune, serving in Britain under Gaius Suetonius Paulinus from 58 to 62.
Julius Agricola Feature Page on Undiscovered Scotland. Julius Agricola, or Gnaeus Julius Agricola, lived from 13 June AD40 to 23 August AD93.
He was the Roman Governor of Britain responsible for securing the Roman grip on what is now England and Wales, and for conquering much of Scotland. He is among the best known of Romans, as a result of his biography, De vita et moribus Iulii Agricolae, written by his son-in-law, Tacitus, in AD98. The wider picture at the time is set out in our Historical Timeline. 0080 Julius Agricola in Scotland Scottish Clans Tartans Kilts Crests and Gifts.
Julius Agricola was sent in the year AD77 to be governor of Britain for the Roman Empire.
He pushed the Empire's reach northwards with advances to the valley crossing Scotland from the Clyde to the Forth in AD80. He enforced the front with a row of forts before continuing with campaigns up the east of Scotland in AD83 as far as the Moray Firth, using a fleet to supplement the supply lines. The Highlands were not penetrated by the Romans, whose legions were in fact soldiered not by men of Rome but by Romanians, better suited to the bitter climate. On an untraceable site, called Mons Graupius by Tacitus, thirty thousand Caledonii amassed, led by Galgacus, to battle with the Empire.
With their unique formations, weaponry and tactics the Romans won the day. Agricola returned to Rome in AD87 with distinction. History - Agricola. Gnaeus Julius Agricola (Roman general. Agricola. Cnaeus Julius Agricola was a Roman general and governor of the province of Britannia from 78-84AD.
He is credited with overseeing the final conquest of Britain. In a series of annual military campaigns Agricola put down revolts in north Wales, subdued the Brigantes tribe in the north, extended Roman control over the Scottish lowlands, where he established a string of forts between the Forth and the Clyde, sent troops into Galloway, and made inroads into the eastern Highlands. During the latter campaign his vessels were the first to circumnavigate the islands. In 83 or 84AD Agricola met the Caledonian war leader Calgacus in a major battle at Mons Graupius.
The Caledonians attempted to attack the Roman line from the rear but were routed by Agricola's reserve cavalry. Shortly after this last triumph, Agricola was recalled to Rome by Domitian, perhaps because of jealousy over Agricola's successes and his growing reputation. Latest History articles tagged with 'Roman' St Alban.
GNAEUS JULIUS AGRICOLA. Julius Agricola. For brief spells during the 1st and 2nd centuries AD, central and southern Scotland became part of the Roman Empire.
This was the period that saw Scotland enter into recorded history for the first time. Britain was a late addition to Rome's Empire and was at the North Western edge of its influence which spanned most of Europe, North Africa and the Middle East. The Romans - Timelines. Tacitus: The Life of Gnaeus Julius Agricola. Tacitus: The Life of Gnaeus Julius Agricola [Unknown e-text found online] Chapter 1.
To bequeath to posterity a record of the deeds and characters of distinguished men is an ancient practice which even the present age, careless as it is of its own sons, has not abandoned whenever some great and conspicuous excellence has conquered and risen superior to that failing, common to petty and to great states, blindness and hostility to goodness. But in days gone by as there was a greater inclination and a more open path to the achievement of memorable actions, so the man of highest genius was led by the simple reward of a good conscience to hand on without partiality or self-seeking the remembrance of greatness. Many too thought that to write their own lives showed the confidence of integrity rather than presumption. Chapter 2.
Chapter 3. Chapter 4. Chapter 5. Cornelius Tacitus, The Life of Cnæus Julius Agricola, chapter 1. 05:03. Gnaeus Julius Agricola. Britannia Capta Part 5.
Chapter 05:03. Gnaeus Julius Agricola. 05:03:01. Agricola the Man. Thanks to his son-in-law and admirer Publius Cornelius Tacitus, more is known about Gnaeus Julius Agricola than any other Roman Governor of Britain, and the following is drawn largely from Tacitus’ work De Vita Agricolae. However, although Tacitus was a splendid author, his prose elegant, pithy and informative, his writing must be approached with some caution.
Gnaeus Julius Agricola. The Campaigns of Gnaeus Julius Agricola. Internet History Sourcebooks. Flavius Julius Agricola, Consul 421 (c.365 - c.421. He was Praefectus Praetorio Galliarum (418 CE), and Consul of Rome (421 CE).
He was probably a descendant of Philagrius, patricius, and perhaps of Lucius Maecilius, leader of the plebeians in Rome 471 BCE. Flavius Julius Agricola (365 – after 421) was a Consul of Rome in 421. He was perhaps the father of Avitus, another son who was the father of Papianilla, wife of Tonantius Ferreolus, and a daughter, born in 385, married to Flavius Felix, born in 380, a son of Ennodius, Proconsul of Africa, who might have been Flavius Constantius Felix (380 – 430), Consul of Rome in 428, who married Padusia and was an ancestor of Felix, Consul in 511.
References Christian Settipani, Continuite Gentilice et Continuite Familiale Dans Les Familles Senatoriales Romaines A L'epoque Imperiale, Mythe et Realite, Addenda I - III (juillet 2000- octobre 2002) (n.p.: Prosopographica et Genealogica, 2002). Tacitus.