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XIXeme siècle au Japon

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201005. 1899 July 17 New Treaty was put into force. 1898 July 16 New Civil Code was enforced and the notice was made. 1894 July 16 Anglo-Japanese Treaty of Commerce and Navigation. 1891 Yatsuka HOZUMI. 1890 Old Civil Code (promulgated but never in force) 1889 Constitution of the Empire of Japan. Mitsukuri Rinsho. Baron Mitsukuri Rinshō (箕作麟祥?

Mitsukuri Rinsho

, September 19, 1846 – November 29, 1897) was a Japanese statesman and legal scholar in Meiji period Japan. Early life[edit] Meiji Bureaucrat[edit] On his return to Japan, Mitsukuri joined the new Meiji government as a translator. Japan - Korea Treaty. 1873 Boissonade. 1853 Matthew Perry and his 4 warships came to the harbor of Uraga. 1854 Japan - U.S. Treaty of Peace and Amity (Kanagawa Treaty)

Harris

Traité d'amitié et de commerce entre la France et le Japon. Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre.

Traité d'amitié et de commerce entre la France et le Japon

Traités d'amitié et de commerce entre le Japon et la Hollande, l'Angleterre, la France, la Russie et les États-Unis, 1858. Signature du premier traité franco-japonais en 1858 à Edo. 1858 Japan - Us Treaty of Amity & Commerce. 1868 Collapse of Tokugawa Shogunate. 1869 Mitsukuri Rinsho started to translate the Napoleonic five Codes. 1885 The English Law School (now Chuo University) Hozumi Yatsuka. Hozumi Yatsuka (穂積 八束?

Hozumi Yatsuka

, March 20, 1860 – October 5, 1912) He entered University of Tokyo at the age of nineteen after studying English for six years because many professors were foreigners who lectured in their own language. In 1883 after his graduation he entered the graduate school to continue his studies of political science. In August 1884 he went to Germany to study European institutional history and constitutional law. During his stay in Germany he studied at three universities: Heidelberg, Berlin and Strasbourg. In Strasbourg he studied under Paul Laband whose influence on Hozumi was profound. 民法典論争. 旧民法の編纂[ソースを編集] 近代以前の日本においても、中国式の法典である律令法の大宝律令が8世紀初頭に成立して、民法の規定もその要部を占めていた[1]。

民法典論争

しかし、12世紀末に武家時代になってから、律令法はその効力を失い[2]、これに替わって鎌倉幕府・室町幕府による式目や、江戸幕府の徳川百箇条などが民事裁判に活用されたが、必ずしも全国的に普及していなかったり、その規定の大部分は刑事法的な禁令であったから、細目については地方ごとの慣習にゆだねる部分が多く、日本全国に広く通用する裁判規範としての民法典が存在するとは言い難い状況であった[3]。 また、封建制の下では一般庶民は平等な権利主体とはされておらず[4]、民事上の問題が生じた場合には当事者間の話し合い(相対)による解決が付かない場合にのみ「お上からの恩恵」として仲裁に乗り出すという名目で民事裁判が行われたものであり、民衆を法的に救済する制度ではなかった[5]。 Itō Hirobumi. In 1885 he became Japan's first Prime Minister, an office his constitutional bureau had introduced.

Itō Hirobumi

He went on to hold the position four times, and wielded considerable power even out of office as the occasional head of Emperor Meiji's Privy Council. A monarchist, Itō favoured a large, bureaucratic government and opposed the formation of political parties. His third government was ended by the consolidation of the opposition into the Kenseitō party in 1898, prompting him to found the Rikken Seiyūkai in response.

Three drafters of the Civil Code