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Schemas, Assumptions, and Beliefs, Oh My! You are here: Home / General / Schemas, Assumptions, and Beliefs, Oh My!

Schemas, Assumptions, and Beliefs, Oh My!

The term “schema” has been popular in cognitive-behavioral circles in recent years with theorists discussing the role of schemas in a range of disorders, researchers studying schemas, and clinicians proposing a range of interventions for modifying problematic schemas. The terms “schema”, “core belief”, “irrational belief”, “underlying assumption”, “dysfunctional belief”, etc. have sometimes been used interchangeably and at other times, distinctions have been drawn between these closely related terms. In the hopes of making this a bit less confusing, here’s the way I’d propose defining these terms: Core Beliefs – Unconditional beliefs that serve as a basis for screening, categorizing, and interpreting experiences.

Eye Movement desensitization and reprocessing

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder. Emotionally focused therapy. Emotionally focused therapy proposes that human emotions have an innately adaptive potential that, if activated, can help clients change problematic emotional states or unwanted self-experiences.

Emotionally focused therapy

Emotions themselves do not inhibit the therapeutic process, but people's inability to manage emotions and use them well is seen as the problem. Coping (psychology) Psychological coping mechanisms are commonly termed coping strategies or coping skills.

Coping (psychology)

Unconscious or non conscious strategies (e.g. defense mechanisms) are generally excluded. The term coping generally refers to adaptive or constructive coping strategies, i.e. the strategies reduce stress levels. However, some coping strategies can be considered maladaptive, i.e. stress levels increase. Maladaptive coping can thus be described, in effect, as non-coping. Furthermore, the term coping generally refers to reactive coping, i.e. the coping response follows the stressor. Coping responses are partly controlled by personality (habitual traits), but also partly by the social context, particularly the nature of the stressful environment.[6] Hundreds of coping strategies have been identified.[6] Classification of these strategies into a broader architecture has not yet been agreed upon. People using problem-focused strategies try to deal with the cause of their problem. Progressive muscle relaxation.

Progressive muscle relaxation is a technique for learning to monitor and control the state of muscular tension.

Progressive muscle relaxation

It was developed by American physician Edmund Jacobson in the early 1920s.[1] Dr Jacobson wrote several books on the subject of Progressive Relaxation. The technique involves learning to monitor tension in each specific muscle group in the body by deliberately inducing tension in each group. This tension is then released, with attention paid to the contrast between tension and relaxation. These learning sessions are not exercises or self-hypnosis. A modification of the technique is "Biofeedback" in which one uses external measuring devices to indicate how successful one is in relaxing and then to use those techniques to relax without the help of external measuring devices.

The Relaxation Response. The Relaxation Response is a book written in 1975 by Herbert Benson, a Harvard physician, and Miriam Z.

The Relaxation Response

Klipper.[1] The response is a simple version of Transcendental Meditation (TM) presented for people in the Western world.[2] Origin[edit] Steps to Elicit the Relaxation Response. The following is the technique reprinted with permission from Dr.

Steps to Elicit the Relaxation Response

Herbert Benson's book The Relaxation Response pages 162-163 1. Sit quietly in a comfortable position. 2. Close your eyes. Irritable bowel syndrome. Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a group of symptoms—including abdominal pain and changes in the pattern of bowel movements without any evidence of underlying damage.[1] These symptoms occur over a long time, often years.[2] It has been classified into four main types depending on if diarrhea is common, constipation is common, both are common, or neither occurs very often (IBS-D, IBS-C, IBS-M, or IBS-U respectively).[1] IBS negatively affects quality of life and may result in missed school or work.[3] Disorders such as anxiety, major depression, and chronic fatigue syndrome are common among people with IBS.[1][4] Classification[edit] IBS can be classified as either diarrhea-predominant (IBS-D), constipation-predominant (IBS-C), or with alternating stool pattern (IBS-A) or pain-predominant.[14] In some individuals, IBS may have an acute onset and develop after an infectious illness characterized by two or more of: fever, vomiting, diarrhea, or positive stool culture.

Irritable bowel syndrome

Cause[edit] Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) Emotionally focused therapy. Why Relaxation Can Make You Anxious - Causes - Anxiety. You know the situation; you try to sleep so you end up more alert, you try to forget something and you can't get it out of your mind.

Why Relaxation Can Make You Anxious - Causes - Anxiety

But, have you ever experienced a situation where you try to relax only to become more tense and anxious? It's enough to make your therapist down tools and look for another job. Heightened awareness of body sensation. Autogenic training. Autogenic training was popularized in North America and the English-speaking world by Wolfgang Luthe, who co-authored, with Schultz, a multi-volume tome on autogenic training.

Autogenic training

In 1963 Luthe discovered the significance of "autogenic discharges", paroxysmic phenomena of motor, sensorial, visual and emotional nature related to the traumatic history of the patient, and developed the method of "autogenic abreaction". Télomère. Risques psychosociaux et stress au travail - Santé et sécurité au travail — EU-OSHA. Les risques psychosociaux sont le résultat d'une mauvaise conception, organisation ou gestion du travail et d'un contexte socioprofessionnel défavorable.

Risques psychosociaux et stress au travail - Santé et sécurité au travail — EU-OSHA

Ils peuvent avoir des conséquences psychologiques, physiques et sociales négatives, telles que le stress occasionné par le travail, le surmenage ou la dépression. Parmi les conditions de travail susceptibles de déboucher sur des risques psychosociaux, citons par exemple: une surcharge de travail,des exigences contradictoires et un manque de clarté sur la fonction à remplir,la non-participation des travailleurs aux décisions les concernant et leur absence d'influence sur le mode d'exécution de leur activité professionnelle,des changements organisationnels mal gérés et l'insécurité de l'emploi,l'inefficacité de la communication et le manque de soutien de la direction ou des collègues,le harcèlement psychologique et sexuel et la violence exercée par des tiers.

Aaron Temkin Beck. Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Pour les articles homonymes, voir Beck. Abcstress2.