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Psychologues et courants

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Le stade des opérations complexes. David D. Burns. David D.

David D. Burns

Burns (born September 19, 1942) is an adjunct professor emeritus in the Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences at the Stanford University School of Medicine and the author of the best-selling books Feeling Good: The New Mood Therapy and The Feeling Good Handbook. Burns popularized Aaron T. Cognitive distortion. Cognitive distortions are thoughts that cognitive therapists believe cause individuals to perceive reality inaccurately.

Cognitive distortion

These thinking patterns often are said to reinforce negative thoughts or emotions.[2] Cognitive distortions tend to interfere with the way a person perceives an event. Because the way a person feels intervenes with how they think, these distorted thoughts can feed negative emotions and lead an individual affected by cognitive distortions towards an overall negative outlook on the world and consequently a depressive or anxious mental state. Reality tunnel. Reality tunnel is a term, akin to the idea of representative realism, coined by Timothy Leary (1920–1996).

Reality tunnel

It was further expanded on by Robert Anton Wilson (1932-2007), who wrote about the idea extensively in his 1983 book Prometheus Rising. The theory states that, with a subconscious set of mental filters formed from his or her beliefs and experiences, every individual interprets the same world differently, hence "Truth is in the eye of the beholder". In a chapter Wilson co-wrote with Timothy Leary in Leary's 1988 book Neuropolitique (a revised edition of the 1977 book Neuropolitics), Wilson and Leary explained further: The gene-pool politics which monitor power struggles among terrestrial humanity are transcended in this info-world, i.e. seen as static, artificial charades. David D. Burns.

Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy

Employee Assistance Program: EAP. Interpersonal psychotherapy. Cognitive behavioral therapy. Mentalization-based treatment (MBT) Evidence based medicine. Psychological Skills Training (PST) Psycho-Oncology. Psychothérapie institutionnelle. Paracelse. Michel Eugène Chevreul. Michel Eugène Chevreul (31 August 1786 – 9 April 1889)[1] was a French chemist whose work with fatty acids led to early applications in the fields of art and science.

Michel Eugène Chevreul

He is credited with the discovery of margaric acid, creatine, and designing an early form of soap made from animal fats and salt. Carl Rogers. Carl Ransom Rogers (January 8, 1902 – February 4, 1987) was an American psychologist and among the founders of the humanistic approach (or client-centered approach) to psychology.

Carl Rogers

Rogers is widely considered to be one of the founding fathers of psychotherapy research and was honored for his pioneering research with the Award for Distinguished Scientific Contributions by the American Psychological Association (APA) in 1956. Méthode Coué. Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre.

Méthode Coué

L'édition de 1926 du livre qui a fondé la méthode d'Émile Coué La méthode Coué est une prophétie autoréalisatrice qui tire son nom des travaux du psychologue et pharmacien français Émile Coué de la Châtaigneraie (1857 - 1926). Wolfgang Luthe. Wolfgang Luthe (1922-1985) was a German physician and psychotherapist, who brought autogenic training to the attention of the English-speaking world.[1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8] His contributions to autogenic training, and collaboration over several decades with JH Schultz, its founder, sometimes result in Luthe being credited as one of the originators of the method.[4][9][10][11] Luthe's writing and training courses championed the method as a therapeutic modality in several diseases.[12][13][14]

Wolfgang Luthe

Johannes Heinrich Schultz. Johannes Heinrich Schultz (June 20, 1884 – September 19, 1970) was a German psychiatrist and an independent psychotherapist.

Johannes Heinrich Schultz

Schultz became world famous for the development of a system of self-hypnosis called autogenic training. Life[edit] He studied medicine in Lausanne, Göttingen (where he met Karl Jaspers) and Breslau. He earned his doctorate from Göttingen in 1907. After receiving his medical license in 1908, he practiced at the polyclinic at the Medical University Clinic at Göttingen until 1911. Aaron Temkin Beck. Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre.

Aaron Temkin Beck

Pour les articles homonymes, voir Beck. Paul Watzlawick. Paul Watzlawick (July 25, 1921 – March 31, 2007) was an Austrian-American family therapist, psychologist, communications theorist, and philosopher.

Paul Watzlawick

A theoretician in communication theory and radical constructivism, he commented in the fields of family therapy and general psychotherapy. Watzlawick believed that people create their own suffering in the very act of trying to fix their emotional problems. He was one of the most influential figures at the Mental Research Institute and lived and worked in Palo Alto, California. Franz Brentano. Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Pour les articles homonymes, voir Brentano. Franz Brentano était le neveu du poète et romancier allemand Clemens Brentano et de sa sœur Bettina von Arnim. Jerome Bruner. Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Jerome Bruner vers 1936. Donald Winnicott. Early life and education[edit] Winnicott was born in Plymouth, Devon to Sir John Frederick Winnicott, a merchant who was knighted in 1924 after serving twice as mayor of Plymouth,[5] and his wife, Elizabeth Martha (Woods) Winnicott. The family was prosperous and ostensibly happy, but behind the veneer, Winnicott saw himself as oppressed by his mother, who tended toward depression, as well as by his two sisters and his nanny.[2] He would eventually speak of 'his own early childhood experience of trying to make "my living" by keeping his mother alive'.[6] His father's influence was that of an enterprising freethinker who encouraged his son's creativity.

Winnicott described himself as a disturbed adolescent, reacting against his own self-restraining "goodness" acquired from trying to assuage the dark moods of his mother.[7] These seeds of self-awareness became the basis of his interest in working with troubled young people. Steps to an Ecology of Mind. Steps to an Ecology of Mind is a collection of Gregory Bateson's short works over his long and varied career.

Subject matter includes essays on anthropology, cybernetics, psychiatry, and epistemology. Joseph Wolpe. Joseph Wolpe (20 April 1915 in Johannesburg, South Africa – 4 December 1997 in Los Angeles) was a South African psychiatrist, one of the most influential figures in Behavior Therapy. Wolpe grew up in South Africa, attending Parktown Boys' High School and obtaining his M.D. from the University of the Witwatersrand. In 1956 Wolpe was awarded a Ford Fellowship and spent a year at Stanford University in the Center for Behavioral Sciences, subsequently returning to South Africa but permanently moving to the United States in 1960 when he accepted a position at the University of Virginia.

Franz-Anton Mesmer - Wikipédia. Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Franz Anton Mesmer. ERWIN STRAUS. L'œuvre d'Erwin Straus, chercheur d'origine allemande, installé aux États-Unis à la suite des persécutions nazies, constitue une contribution capitale à la psychopathologie et à la psychiatrie clinique, et elle a exercé une influence profonde sur la conception du pathologique comme phénomène vécu. Parmi les nombreuses publications de Straus figurent notamment des travaux sur la suggestion, sur les phobies, sur les tics, sur les hallucinations, sur l'obsession.

Kimura Bin : L'Entre - Cercle Henri Ey. Page d'accueil programme du seminaire Le Professeur Kimura Bin est un psychiatre japonais. Né en 1931, il a fait ses études de médecine à la Faculté de médecine de Kyoto. Intéressé par les conceptions de Minkowski et Binswanger, il est solicité pour participer à la traduction en Japonais du livre "la schizophrénie" de ce dernier.

Il s'intéresse alors à Heidegger et Husserl, et parallèlement à l'oeuvre de Nishida (1). Il termine sa formation de psychiatre en Allemagne (Munich puis Heidelberg) où il rencontre Tellenbach, Müller Süur et Blankenburg. Celui que je vais vous présenter aujourd'hui date de 1988. Wilhelm Reich. Edward Thorndike. Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre.

Edward Lee Thorndike ( - ) est un psychologue américain, précurseur du béhaviorisme. Il est notamment connu pour ses recherches sur l'intelligence animale et en psychologie de l'éducation. Biographie[modifier | modifier le code] Whatever exists at all exists in some amount[1] Hermann Ebbinghaus. Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Hermann Ebbinghaus. Recherche sur la mémoire[modifier | modifier le code] Il est le premier à avoir mis en place des paradigmes expérimentaux pour l’étude de la mémoire, c'est-à-dire situations typiques utilisées dans l’expérimentation pour l’étude d’un problème. Avant, on étudiait la mémoire par l’apprentissage de textes, mais ceux-ci ne sont pas interchangeables. Ebbinghaus va donc supprimer la syntaxe et remplacer ces textes par des listes de mots. Il construisit des listes d’une vingtaine de paralogues. Alfred Adler. Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre.

Pour les articles homonymes, voir Adler. Deux de ses livres – Der Sinn des Lebens et Über den nervösen Charakter[1] – ont été retenus dans la liste des cent chefs-d’œuvre de la psychothérapie[2]. Biographie[modifier | modifier le code]