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Histoire du Japon

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Miyamoto Musashi. Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre.

Miyamoto Musashi

Miyamoto Musashi (宮本 武蔵? , Miyamoto Musashi), de son premier nom Shinmen Takezō (« Miyamoto » étant le nom de son village de naissance et « Musashi », une autre façon de lire les idéogrammes écrivant Takezō ; -), est l'une des figures emblématiques du Japon, maître bushi, philosophe et le plus célèbre escrimeur de l'histoire du pays. Son nom complet était Shinmen Musashi-no-Kami Fujiwara no Genshin (新免武蔵守藤原玄信), Musashi-no-kami était un titre honorifique (et obsolète) dispensé par la cour impériale le rendant gouverneur de la province de Musashi (dans la région de l'actuelle Tokyo).

Fujiwara est le nom de la lignée aristocratique à laquelle il appartient. Genshin (aussi lu Masanobu) était un nom cérémoniel, dit nanori, similaire à un prénom composé pour gentilhomme sinisé, notamment utilisé par tous les samouraïs de haut rang et les nobles de Cour. Adepte du kenjutsu[modifier | modifier le code] Sakamoto Ryōma. Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre.

Sakamoto Ryōma

Compléments Nom historique Naokage, Naonari Sakamoto Ryōma (坂本 龍馬?) , – était l'un des dirigeants du mouvement visant à renverser le shogunat Tokugawa pendant la période Bakumatsu du Japon. Ryōma se faisait appeler Saidani Umetarō (才谷梅太郎, Saidani Umetarō?) 1585 Japanese Delegates & Pope Gregory 13. Insei (système de gouvernement)

Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre.

Insei (système de gouvernement)

Pour les articles homonymes, voir Insei. Dans le Japon de la fin de l'ère Heian, l’insei, ou « loi du cloître », désigne le système de « gouvernement retiré » des anciens empereurs, qui, bien que s'étant officiellement mis à la retraite et étant devenus moines bouddhistes, continuaient dans les faits à exercer le pouvoir. Durant les ères Nara et Heian de l'histoire du Japon, le gouvernement était aux mains du clan Fujiwara, qui s'était maintenu au pouvoir via des mariages avec la famille impériale.

Meet the Gods: 13 Japanese Kami. Japan » guide » temples and shrines » kami posted by John Spacey, October 10, 2015 Kami are the spirits, gods and deities of Japan's Shinto religion.

Meet the Gods: 13 Japanese Kami

This is a wide concept that can be used to describe the spirits of deceased loved ones, gods of Japanese mythology, animal spirits and even the deities of other religions such as Buddha or Bodhisattvas.There are said to be eight million kami (八百万) which is a number traditionally used to express infinity in Japan. Kami can be good or bad. They can be incredibly powerful or relatively benign. The following kami stem from both Shinto and Japanese Buddhist traditions. 1. Jizo is the guardian of children and childbirth.It is said that children who die before their parents can't cross the mythical Sanzu River into the afterlife because they haven't accumulated enough good deeds. 2. Raijin is the kami of lightning, thunder and storms typically depicted holding hammers and surrounded by drums. Insei (système de gouvernement)

Kenmu Restoration. The Kenmu (or Kemmu) Restoration (建武の新政, Kenmu no shinsei?)

Kenmu Restoration

(1333–1336) is the name given to both the three-year period of Japanese history between the Kamakura period and the Muromachi period, and the political events that took place in it.[1] The restoration was an effort made by Emperor Go-Daigo to bring the Imperial House back into power, thus restoring a civilian government after almost a century and a half of military rule.[2] The attempted restoration ultimately failed and was replaced by the Ashikaga shogunate (1336–1575).[2] This was to be the last time the Emperor had any power until the Meiji restoration of 1867.[2] The many and serious political errors made by the Imperial House during this three-year period were to have important repercussions in the following decades and end with the rise to power of the Ashikaga dynasty.[2] Background[edit] Objectives of the restoration[edit] Failure of Go-Daigo's policies[edit]

Muromachi period. The Muromachi period (室町時代, Muromachi jidai?

Muromachi period

, also known as the Muromachi era, the Ashikaga era, or the Ashikaga period) is a division of Japanese history running from approximately 1336 to 1573. The period marks the governance of the Muromachi or Ashikaga shogunate (Muromachi bakufu or Ashikaga bakufu), which was officially established in 1338 by the first Muromachi shogun, Ashikaga Takauji, two years after the brief Kemmu Restoration (1333–36) of imperial rule was brought to a close. The period ended in 1573 when the 15th and last shogun of this line, Ashikaga Yoshiaki, was driven out of the capital in Kyoto by Oda Nobunaga. From a cultural perspective, the period can be divided into the Kitayama and Higashiyama periods (later 15th - early 16th). Constitution of Japan. The Constitution of Japan (Shinjitai: 日本国憲法 Kyūjitai: 日本國憲法, Nihon-Koku Kenpō?)

Constitution of Japan

Is the fundamental law of Japan. It was enacted on 3 May 1947 as a new constitution for postwar Japan. Outline[edit] The constitution provides for a parliamentary system of government and guarantees certain fundamental rights. Réforme de Taika.

XIXeme siècle au Japon

1868-1941 : 日本人移民の地域別渡航者数. Nationalisme. After WW2. Ogyû Sorai, Japon 1666-1728.