Walter Gropius and Bauhaus
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Bauhaus Bauhaus was founded by Walther Gropius in Weimar in the year 1919 as an art, design and architecture school. The goal of Bauhaus was to bring together art, handcrafts and architecture into one single synthesis of the arts. This guideline is rather strongly oriented on the arts and crafts movement – however, Bauhaus opened itself for new technological possibilities, so that the way to industrial design was smoothed. These artistic ambitions affected interpersonal relationships as well, so that no distinction was made any longer between the artist and the craftsman.
Bauhaus Commentary Gropius' extensive facilities for the Bauhaus at Dessau combine teaching, student and faculty members' housing, an auditorium, and office spaces. The pinwheel configuration when viewed from the air represents in form the propellers of the airplanes manufactured in the Dessau area. This complex embodies various technological and design oriented advancements including a petchance for glazing, the creation of an architecture of transparency with the supporting structure rising behind the facing skin.
Walter Adolph Georg Gropius (May 18, 1883 – July 5, 1969) was a German architect and founder of the Bauhaus School, [ 1 ] who, along with Ludwig Mies van der Rohe , Le Corbusier and Oscar Niemeyer , is widely regarded as one of the pioneering masters of modern architecture . [ edit ] Early life Born in Berlin , Walter Gropius was the third child of Walter Adolph Gropius and Manon Auguste Pauline Scharnweber.
Two Bauhaus Buildings: A Paradigm Shift by Darlene Brady, R.A. The Bauhaus School buildings at Weimar and Dessau in Germany capture the dichotomy of an early 20th century debate about the impact of technology on architecture. The underlying issue was whether creativity or technology should be the stronger design determinant. It is interesting to revisit these two famous buildings, by Henry Van de Velde and Walter Gropius respectively, in light of this debate. The Bauhaus Manifesto called for a new architecture that made no distinction between monumental and decorative art.
Sources on Gropius House " The History of Interior Design ", by John Pile, ArchitectureWeek No. 65, 2001.0905, pC1.1. Edward R. Ford. The Details of Modern Architecture .
Walter Gropius (b. Berlin, Germany 1883; d.