D History exmpls
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The Medici Family
The Early Medici
A week ago I removed a list (something I very seldom do) which had caused quite a stir; it was a list of the most powerful families.
Medici, an Italian family of merchants and bankers who ruled the republic of Florence through economic power and personal influence.
The "Early Renaissance" was all about Florence . Firenze, as it's known to those who live there, was the place in which to launch one's artistic career in 15th-century Italy.
The Renaissance ( UK / r ɨ ˈ n eɪ s ən s / , US / ˈ r ɛ n ɨ s ɑː n s / , French pronunciation: [ʁənɛsɑ̃ːs] , from French : Renaissance "re-birth", Italian : Rinascimento , from rinascere "to be reborn") [ 1 ] was a cultural movement that spanned the period roughly from the 14th to the 17th century, beginning in Italy in the Late Middle Ages and later spreading to the rest of Europe. Though availability of paper and the invention of metal movable type sped the dissemination of ideas from the later 15th century, the changes of the Renaissance were not uniformly experienced across Europe. As a cultural movement, it encompassed innovative flowering of Latin and vernacular literatures, beginning with the 14th-century resurgence of learning based on classical sources, which contemporaries credited to Petrarch , the development of linear perspective and other techniques of rendering a more natural reality in painting, and gradual but widespread educational reform.
Florence ( Italian : Firenze [fiˈrɛntse] ( listen ) , alternative obsolete form: Fiorenza ; Latin : Florentia ) is the capital city of the Italian region of Tuscany and of the province of Florence . It is the most populous city in Tuscany, with approximately 370,000 inhabitants, expanding to over 1.5 million in the metropolitan area. [ 2 ]
The or ( / ˈ m ɛ d ɨ tʃ i / ; Italian pronunciation: [de ˈmɛːditʃi] ) was a political dynasty , banking family and later royal house that first began to gather prominence under Cosimo de' Medici in the Republic of Florence during the late 14th century.
During this period, Italy—and in the fifteenth century, Florence above all—is the seat of an artistic, humanistic, technological, and scientific flowering known as the Renaissance.
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Controversy continues over who founded Florence.
Jon Cook identifies the mix of factors that helps explain the Florentine Renaissance. When Edmund Blackadder memorably lamented, ‘Baldrick, to you the Renaissance was just something that happened to other people’, it was probably the citizens of Florence to whom he was referring.