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Profiles (Britain 1951-79)

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The Other Side of Suez (BBC Documentary) Clement Attlee. Aneurin Bevan. Aneurin Bevan, the son of David Bevan, a miner, was born in Tredegar, Monmouthshire on 15th November 1897.

Aneurin Bevan

Both Aneurin's parents were Nonconformists: his father was a Baptist and his mother a Methodist. Winston Churchill. Winston Churchill was born in Blenheim Palace, Woodstock, on 30th November, 1874, just seven and a half months after his parents, Randolph Churchill, a Conservative politician and Jennie Jerome, the daughter of Leonard Jerome, a New York businessman, were married.

Winston Churchill

Clive Ponting, the author of Winston Churchill (1994) has pointed out: "Winston Churchill was born into the small, immensely influencial and wealthy circle that still dominated English politics and society. For the whole of his life he remained an aristocrat at heart, deeply devoted to the interests of his family and drawing the majority of his friends and social acquaintances from the elite. From 1876 to 1880 he was brought up surrounded by servants amongst the splendors of the British ascendancy in Ireland. " Anthony Eden. Anthony Eden, the son of Sir William Eden, the High Sheriff of Durham, was born at Windlestone Hall, near Bishop Auckland, on 12th June, 1897.

Anthony Eden

Eden, like his father and grandfather, was educated at Eton. He hoped to go to Sandhurst before joining the British Army, but was rejected because of his poor eyesight. Harold Macmillan. Harold Macmillan, the grandson of Daniel Macmillan (1813-1857), the publisher, was born in 1894.

Harold Macmillan

In his memoirs he described his mother as having "high standards and demanding high performances". He added: "I can truthfully say that I owe everything all through my life to my mother's devotion and support". Macmillan attended Summer Fields School in Oxford. He later admitted that his shyness caused him problems at school and that he returned home with a "perpetual terror of becoming in any way conspicuous". He also suffered from periods of depression: "I was oppressed by some kind of mysterious power which would be sure to get me in the end. In 1906 Macmillan won a scholarship to Eton. Macmillan won a place at Balliol College in 1912. While at university Macmillan became involved in politics. Alec Douglas-Home. Alec Douglas-Home, the son of the 13th Earl of Home, was born in London on 2nd July, 1903.

Alec Douglas-Home

Educated at Eton and Christ Church, Oxford, he joined the Conservative Party and was elected to the House of Commons in the 1931 General Election. Douglas-Home served as parliamentary private secretary to Neville Chamberlain and was involved in the negotiations with Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini between 1937 and 1939. During the Second World War Douglas-Home spent time in hospital as a result of a spinal operation. He lost his seat in the 1945 General Election but returned to the House of Commons in 1950. Harold Wilson.

Harold Wilson, the son of Herbert Wilson (1882–1971) and his wife, Ethel Seddon (1882–1957), was born in Milnsbridge on the outskirts of Huddersfield on 11th March 1916.

Harold Wilson

His father was a chemist and his mother, a former school teacher. (1) Wilson was educated at New Street Elementary School (1920-1927), Royds Hall School (1927-1932) and Bebington Grammar School (1932-1934). One of his teachers, Edgar Whitwarm, later recalled: "To Harold it was effortless. There was never anyone to touch him... He was the sort of boy a teacher comes across only once or twice in a lifetime. Wilson's father had been a supporter of the Liberal Party but after the First World War he changed his allegiance to the Labour Party: "Although never himself poor, the young Harold saw real poverty and the reliance on charity all around him...

Roy Jenkins. Roy Jenkins was born in Abersychan, Monmouthshire, on 11th November, 1920.

Roy Jenkins

His father was Arthur Jenkins, president of the South Wales Miners' Federation and the Labour Party MP for Pontypool. Jenkins was educated at Abersychan Grammar School and Balliol College, Oxford, where he won a first in 1941. During the Second World War Jenkins served in the Royal Artillery and for a while he worked as a codebreaker at Bletchley Park. In 1945 he married Jennifer Morris. Philip Johnston has argued: "Their homoerotic partnership (with Crosland) was broken by two events: the outbreak of war and Roy’s realisation that he preferred women, after meeting his future wife Jennifer, to whom he was married for 58 years. Barbara Castle. Barbara Betts, the daughter of a tax inspector, was born in Bradford in 1910.

Barbara Castle

Her father was a member of the Independent Labour Party and she was converted to socialism at an early age. Castle was educated at Bradford Girls' Grammar School. Barbara wrote that "the girl's parents were all rich, and the dainty frocks that the pupils wore did credit to the school's reputation of beauty and culture throughout. " Barbara became friends with Mary Hepworth, a cash-desk girl who shared her committment to socialism. "Barbara had some sort of an intellectual battle with her father, who never felt that she did her brains justice.

In 1929 Barbara and Mary attended the Independent Labour Party conference in Derby. One of her best friends at Oxford University was Olive Shapley. In 1932 Barbara began an affair with William Mellor. William Mellor now established the Town and County Councillor, a journal for Labour supporters in local government. Edward Heath. He took office on June 19, 1970, and declared from the pavement outside 10 Downing Street that “to govern is to serve”.

Edward Heath

Partly by ill-chance it was not a government of strong ministers. Iain Macleod died after a month, and left a gap which not only muted the administration’s persuasiveness but also deprived it of effective macro-economic control. Macleod’s successor as Chancellor, Anthony Barber, always seemed more interested in the details of taxation reform than in the direction of the economy. James Callaghan. Denis Healey. Denis Healey, the son of an engineer, was born in Mottingham, on 30th August, 1917.

Denis Healey

Five years later his family moved to Keighley. When Healey was eight years old he won a scholarship to Bradford Grammar School. Influenced by the poetry of Wilfred Owen and Siegfried Sassoon from the First World War, Healey became a pacifist and in 1935 resigned from the school's Officer's training Corps. In 1936 Healey entered Balliol College, Oxford. While at university he became active in politics. Margaret Thatcher.