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Trad jazz , short for "traditional jazz ," refers to the Dixieland and Ragtime jazz styles of the early 20th century [ 1 ] in contrast to any more modern style. Specifically the term is used to cover a revival of these styles in the mid 20th-century. In Britain the trad jazz scene was an important feature of the early 1960s, before the dominance of Beat music epitomised by The Beatles .
Swing music , or simply Swing , is a form of American music that developed in the early 1930s and became a distinctive style by 1940. Swing uses a strong rhythm section of double bass and drums as the anchor for a lead section of brass instruments such as trumpets and trombones, woodwinds including saxophones and clarinets , and sometimes stringed instruments such as violin and guitar , medium to fast tempos , and a "lilting" swing time rhythm . The name swing came from the phrase ‘swing feel’ where the emphasis is on the off–beat or weaker pulse in the music (unlike classical music).
Harlem Stride Piano , stride piano , commonly abbreviated to stride , is a jazz piano style that was developed in the large cities of the East Coast, mainly New York, during 1920s and 1930s. The left hand characteristically plays a four-beat pulse with a single bass note, octave, seventh or tenth interval on the first and third beats, and a chord on the second and fourth beats. Occasionally this pattern is reversed by placing the chord on the downbeat and bass note(s) on the upbeat. Unlike earlier "St.
Soul jazz is a development of jazz incorporating strong influences from blues , soul , gospel and rhythm and blues in music for small groups, often an organ trio featuring a Hammond organ . [ edit ] Overview Soul jazz is often associated with hard bop . [ 1 ] [ 2 ] [ 3 ] Mark C. Gridley, writing for the All Music Guide to Jazz , explains that soul jazz more specifically refers to music with "an earthy, bluesy melodic concept" and "repetitive, dance-like rhythms….
Vocal jazz or jazz singing is an instrumental approach to the voice, where the singer can match the instruments in their stylistic approach to the lyrics, improvised or otherwise, or through scat singing ; that is, the use of non-morphemic syllables to imitate the sound of instruments. [ edit ] The origins of jazz singing to 1950 The roots of jazz music were very much vocal, with field hollers and ceremonial chants, but while the blues maintained a strong vocal tradition, with singers such as Ma Rainey and Bessie Smith heavily influencing the progress of American popular music in general, early jazz bands only featured vocalists periodically, albeit those with a more "bluesy" tone of voice; one of the first "jazz" recordings, the 1917 Original Dixieland Jass Band recordings featured one Sarah Martin as vocalist.
Jazz fusion , fusion , or jazz-rock are variants of a musical fusion genre that developed from mixing funk and R&B rhythms and the amplification and electronic effects of rock music , complex time signatures derived from non-Western music and extended, typically instrumental compositions with a jazz approach to lengthy group improvisations, often using wind and brass and displaying a high level of instrumental technique. The term "jazz rock" is often used as a synonym for "jazz fusion" as well as for music performed by late 1960s and 1970s-era rock bands that added jazz elements to their music. Some progressive rock is also labeled "fusion". [ 1 ] After a decade of popularity during the 1970s, fusion expanded its improvisatory and experimental approaches through the 1980s and 1990s. Fusion albums, even those that are made by the same group or artist, may include a variety of styles.
Latin jazz is jazz with Latin American rhythms. Although musicians continually expand its parameters, the term Latin jazz is generally understood to have a more specific meaning than simply jazz from Latin America . A more precise term might be Afro-Latin jazz , as the jazz sub-genre typically employs rhythms that either have a direct analog in Africa, or exhibit an African influence. The two main categories of Latin jazz are: Afro-Cuban jazz —jazz rhythmically based on clave , often with a rhythm section employing ostinato patterns from Cuban popular dance music.
For the Ornette Coleman album see Free Jazz: A Collective Improvisation . Free jazz is an approach to jazz music that was first developed in the 1950s and 1960s. Though the music produced by free jazz composers varied widely, the common feature was a dissatisfaction with the limitations of bebop , hard bop , and modal jazz , which had developed in the 1940s and 1950s.
A big band is a type of musical ensemble that originated in the United States and is associated with jazz and the Swing Era typically consisting of rhythm , brass , and woodwind instruments totaling approximately 12 to 25 musicians. The terms jazz band , jazz ensemble , jazz orchestra , stage band , society band , and dance band may describe this type of ensemble in particular contexts. [ edit ] Instrumentation Typical seating diagram for a big band. A standard 17-piece instrumentation evolved in the big-bands, for which many commercial arrangements are available. This instrumentation consists of five saxophones (most often two altos , two tenors , and one baritone ), four trumpets , four trombones (often including one bass trombone ) and a four-piece rhythm section (composed of drums , acoustic bass or electric bass , piano and guitar ).
Bebop or bop is a style of jazz characterized by fast tempo , instrumental virtuosity , and improvisation based on the combination of harmonic structure and melody . It was developed in the early and mid-1940s. It first surfaced in musicians' argot some time during the first two years of American involvement in the Second World War . This style of jazz ultimately became synonymous with modern jazz, as either category reached a certain final maturity in the 1960s.
Jazz is a music that originated at the beginning of the 20th century within the African-American communities of the Southern United States . Its roots lie in the African-American adoption of European harmony and form to existing African musical elements. African musical influences are evident in the use of blue notes , improvisation , polyrhythms , syncopation and the swung note . [ 1 ] From its early development until the present day, jazz has also incorporated elements from American popular music . [ 2 ]