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How do archaeologists and historians discover history?

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Voki - Voki Scene Pickup. Untitled. Neanderthals Munched on 'Aspirin' and Woolly Rhinos. Neanderthals once dined on woolly rhinoceroses and wild sheep, and even self-medicated with painkillers and antibiotics, according to a new analysis of their dental plaque.

Neanderthals Munched on 'Aspirin' and Woolly Rhinos

But the diets of Neanderthals — the closest known extinct human relative, which co-existed and sometimes bred with humans before going extinct about 40,000 years ago — varied depending on where they lived. Researchers sequenced the ancient DNA of dental plaque from five Neanderthal skeletons — two from Spain's El Sidrón Cave, two from Belgium's Spy Cave and one from Italy's Breuil Cave. (However, the plaque sample from the Breuil Cave Neanderthal "failed to produce amplifiable [DNA] sequences," and one of the Spy Cave individuals had DNA plaque contamination, so the researchers excluded both from the plaque analysis, they wrote in the study.) Rock Art Discovered in 'Dark Ages' Tomb in Israel. Moving 400 tons' worth of boulders to make a 65-foot-wide tomb is no easy feat.

Rock Art Discovered in 'Dark Ages' Tomb in Israel

That's why Israeli archaeologists were impressed to find an ancient burial chamber of that size dating back to the "Dark Ages," more than 4,000 years ago. And the tomb isn't just big. It also has a rare example of rock art carved into its ceiling. The scale and careful construction of the megalithic tomb suggest that people of this era weren't exactly living in the dark after all. Rather, the tomb, known as a dolmen, could be indirect proof of the existence of some type of organized society, the researchers argue. Investigate how archaeologists do what they do. How do archaeologists and historians investigate the past?

Investigate how archaeologists do what they do

By investigationrecordingreconstructingwhat questions do they ask? How do they explain the data? Discovering Archaeology. Prehistoric art.