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Predator Empire: The Geopolitics of U.S. Drone Warfare | Ian Shaw. This is a pre-corrected version . FULL VERSION: AS: Ian G. R. Shaw (2013): Predator Empire: The Geopolitics of US Drone Warfare, Geopolitics For example, Bialasiewicz et al.’s analysis of the 2002 U.S. . To break away from Bush’s integrationist strategies, and even expunged the terms Islamic extremism and Muslim fundamentalism with a renewed focus on rebuilding the U.S. economy. Strategic environment or world as it is . ’i da was still a far-reaching network of violence and hatred that threatened the American way of life. Frontline of the fight as Afghanistan and Pakistan the epicenter of the violent extremism .

Disrupt, dismantle, and defeat al- Qa’ida and its affilia tes through acomprehensive strategy that denies them safe haven , and to continue to rebalance our military capabilitiesto excel at counterterrorism, counterinsurgency, [and] stability operations . Qa’ida in Pakistan was . Ively been clandestine CIA drone strikes. . A changing drone campaign: US covert actions in 2013. 2013 saw fewer drone strikes than previous years (Photo: US Air Force/Airman 1st Class Jason Epley) In 2013 the number of drone strikes to hit Pakistan fell to the lowest levels of Obama’s presidency: 27 strikes reportedly hit the country’s tribal areas, down from a peak of 128 in 2010.

And for the first time since Pakistan strikes started in 2004, there were no confirmed reports of civilian casualties. The changes reflected growing opposition from within Pakistan, as both the political and military elites were publicly critical of the strikes. The Obama administration continued 2012′s trend of limited transparency around drone strikes In Yemen, by contrast, at least 11 civilians including 4 children died in confirmed drone attacks. This steep rise from previous years was despite the number of confirmed strikes halving since 2012.

In Somalia, al Shabaab, an ally of al Qaeda, regrouped after heavy defeats in 2012 and continued launching attacks. 2013 in review Pakistan Yemen Somalia. Cyberwarfare military technology. A recent report of a U.S. surveillance drone flying over the Crimea region of Ukraine being hacked by Russian forces, is just one of many indication that the twenty-first-century global battlefield will take place in cyberspace. Radio and other frequencies which cover the electromagnetic spectrum are the new contested domain. Cyberspace will be the next battleground // Source: presstv.ir A recent report of a U.S. surveillance drone flying over the Crimea region of Ukraine being hacked by Russian forces, is just one of many indication that the twenty-first-century global battlefield will take place in cyberspace. The U.S. military has defined “information warfare” to include cyberthreats and the manipulation of wireless networks. The U.S. Bertoli notes that the biggest challenge for the Army is not technological, but operational and policy-related.

Chemical and Biological Weapons Status at a Glance | Arms Control Association. Press Contact: Tom Z. Collina, Research Director (202) 463-8270 x104 For more information about the CWC, please see the CWC at a Glance Factsheet and CWC Signatories and States-Parties For more information about the BWC, please see the BWC at a Glance Factsheet and BWC Signatories and States-Parties Updated: February 2014 The danger posed by Biological Weapons (BW) and Chemical Weapons (CW) still lingers two decades after the cold war’s end. The chart below details countries possessing or developing CW or BW. The chart also details whether each state has signed, ratified, or acceded to relevant international treaties: the 1972 BWC, which bans offensive biological weapons development and possession; the 1993 CWC, which outlaws chemical weapons development, possession, and use; and the 1925 Geneva Protocol, which forbids the use of chemical and biological weapons in war.

Sources: Arms Control Today 1. 2. 3. 4. Trends in armed conflicts. Armed Conflict Database | Armed Conflict Database. PRIO. CSCW and Uppsala Conflict Data Program (UCDP) at the Department of Peace and Conflict Research, Uppsala University, have collaborated in the production of a dataset of armed conflicts, both internal and external, in the period 1946 to the present. The Armed Conflict Dataset is primarily intended for academic use in statistical and macro-level research.

It complements the annual compendium of ongoing armed conflicts published in the Journal of Peace Research, as well as the UCDP online database. CSCW houses the academic conflict dataset and continues to work closely with UCDP to provide more and better data. Recent data generation projects have included collecting more fully specified conflict start and end dates to aid in the study of the duration of violence; creating "conflict polygons" to pinpoint the geography of war within a given country; and adding figures for yearly combat deaths.

Conflict SiteGeo-referenced Conflict Site dataset. Ahead of Print Articles (date view) Trends in Armed Conflict: Some Bad (But Mostly Good) News. By David E. Cunningham The Uppsala Conflict Data Project released its annual “Armed Conflict Report” this week. That report shows that there were 37 “armed conflicts” that generated at least 25 battle-related deaths in 2011. The bad news is that this number represents a large (20 percent) jump over the 2010 number (31 conflicts). The Uppsala number includes both conflicts between states and those within them, but all but one of these conflicts was internal (the exception being a violent border dispute between Cambodia and Thailand). There is certainly an interesting story to tell about the spike in conflict between 2010 and 2011, and I encourage everyone to read the report. In 1992, the Armed Conflict Report identified 53 conflicts, 12 of which generated at least 1,000 battle deaths.

The number of armed conflicts is important but it is, in many ways, a blunt measure. There are all sorts of caveats to this discussion. "Armed Conflict: Trends and Drivers" | The Simons Foundation. Trends in Armed Conflict: Some Bad (But Mostly Good) News. Global Trends in Armed Conflict - PRIO. Trends in armed conflicts. Armed Conflict Database | Armed Conflict Database. 16 Maps Of Drug Flow Into The United States - Business Insider#ixzz26yNJzQlN. Taking stock of the chemical weapon ban | Arms Control Law. On 20–21 March the University of Rome III hosted a roundtable discussion to reflect on the current status of the prohibition on chemical weapons (CW) and the future challenges to that ban.

Although convened by the Law Department, the speakers represented an eclectic group of experts with backgrounds in international law, political sciences, chemistry and biology, as well as practitioners. Notwithstanding, the meeting yielded considerable coherence in arguments, with questions, challenges and supplementary insights contributing further to an already rich multi-disciplinary texture. The Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) is at the heart of today’s prohibition on CW and their use in armed conflict. However, it does not stand in isolation. In fact, one could build a case that the norm against CW has a variable geometry. And then, of course, there are the politics.

Unsurprisingly therefore, Syria made up one of the main threads tying the various sessions together. Chemical Arms: Third World Trend. Libya's reported attempt to join the chemical weapons club is the latest example of a trend in the Middle East and Asia that appears to have tripled the number of countries possessing such weapons in the last decade. The latest intelligence estimates conclude that upward of 20 third-world nations are seeking to develop poison gas, in effect joining a club that in the past was dominated by the major powers. American officials have declined to list all the countries that have successfully manufactured this type of weapon, but independent specialists include nearly all of the Middle East as well as a growing number of Asian nations.

An international conference to build support against the use of chemical weapons is to open in Paris on Saturday. No International Agreement There is no international agreement barring a country from manufacturing chemical weapons, nothing analogous, for instance, to the treaty curbing the spread of nuclear weapons. Elisa D. Both Ms. Threat of Terrorist IEDs Growing, Expanding, General Says. Threat of Terrorist IEDs Growing, Expanding, General Says By Jim GaramoneAmerican Forces Press Service WASHINGTON, Sept. 21, 2012 – The threat posed by crude homemade bombs known as improvised explosive devices is growing and spreading across the globe, and will be the terrorists’ weapon of choice for decades, the commander of the Joint Improvised Explosive Device Defeat Organization said yesterday.

“We still need to do more,” Army Lt. Gen. Michael D. Barbero told the House Appropriations Committee’s defense subcommittee, adding that his organization is rapidly fielding critical counter IED capabilities. “But let me say up front that I believe the IED and the networks that use these asymmetric weapons will remain a threat to our forces and here at home for decades.” These bombs, he said, will be the weapon of choice for terrorists because they are cheap and readily available. “This trend is readily apparent in Afghanistan … where IED events continue to rise,” Barbero said.

Nuclear Spread and World Order. Until a year or two ago we were entitled to believe that the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT) could successfully hold the line at five nuclear weapons powers, if only a few holdout countries would sign or ratify it. Two events have thrown into serious doubt the ability of present policies to stem the further proliferation of nuclear weapon capabilities among additional nations. The first event was the Indian "peaceful" nuclear explosion in May 1974, which jumped the firebreak between the five permanent members of the U.N.

Security Council-who are also the nuclear weapons powers-and all other nations. That barrier had held for ten years since the first Chinese detonation in 1964. Having one more "nuclear-capable" power does not change the world. The second event was the worldwide energy crisis. To continue reading, please log in. Don't have an account? Register Register now to get three articles each month. As a subscriber, you get unrestricted access to ForeignAffairs.com.

Report Predicts Future Global Arms Trends | Arms Control Association. Kirsten McNeil The National Intelligence Council (NIC) released its fourth Global Trends report on Nov. 20, timed to correspond every four years to the period of transition between presidential administrations. Chaired by Deputy Director of National Intelligence for Analysis Thomas Fingar, the NIC is within the Office of the Director of National Intelligence, which sits atop the sprawling U.S. intelligence community.

The "Global Trends 2025" report aims to identify key strategic drivers in the global system that could shape the issues facing the new administration and to guide policymakers toward a broad view of the world. The report addressed weapons proliferation as well as other global issues, such as climate change and economic trends.

Broadly speaking, the report predicts that China and India will see an increase in their relative power, shifting the international system to a multipolar scheme rather than the current unipolar one. NPEC - How to Resist the Spread of Nuclear Weapons. If current trends continue, in a decade or less, the United Kingdom could find its nuclear forces eclipsed not only by those of Pakistan, but of Israel and India as well. Shortly thereafter, France could share the same fate. China, which has already amassed enough separated plutonium and highly enriched uranium to easily triple its current stockpile of roughly 300 deployed nuclear warheads, also is likely to increase its deployed numbers, quietly, during the coming years.1 Meanwhile, over 25 states have announced their desire to build a large nuclear reactor — a key aspect of most previous nuclear weapons programs — before 2030.

None of these trends should be welcome to those who favor the abolition of nuclear weapons. Indeed, unless these negative trends are restrained and reversed, nuclear weapons reductions in the U.S. and even Russia may not be enough to reduce continuing nuclear rivalries and could actually intensify them. The road to zero What has driven these reductions? Weapons of Mass Destruction. Prepared by Laura Reed, Security Studies Program, MIT, Cambridge, MA, USA The dangers posed by weapons of mass destruction have come to occupy center stage in international politics. The term “weapon of mass destruction” (WMD) is used to characterize a variety of weapons that share two key features: their potential for large-scale destruction and the indiscriminate nature of their effects, notably against civilians.

There are three major types of WMD: nuclear weapons, chemical warfare agents, and biological warfare agents. In addition, some analysts include radiological materials as well as missile technology and delivery systems such as aircraft and ballistic missiles. While the mass killing of human beings is not a new feature of warfare, weapons of mass destruction (WMD) pose an unprecedented constellation of challenges to peace and security. The use of WMD by terrorists is generally viewed by security officials as a “worst case” scenario and thus attracts paramount concern. Hearing on China's Role in the Spread of Weapons of Mass Destruction | Iran Watch. I am pleased to appear today before this distinguished Subcommittee, which has asked me to discuss China's role in the spread of weapons of mass destruction.

I have been asked to respond to two questions: First, how effective is our present "engagement" policy toward China; second, is the executive branch implementing the U.S. law concerning sanctions? I think that the evidence is now clear on both questions. The administration's engagement policy has run out of gas--it is no longer achieving anything significant. The process is essentially dead. Since 1994, our ambassadors have gone to China, they have held out engagement rings, and the Chinese have shut the door in their faces. This happened most recently to Mr. Nor is the administration complying with the sanctions law. Today, China's exports are the most serious proliferation threat in the world, and China has held that title for the past decade and a half. Missiles But since 1994, the stream of missile exports has continued. 1. 2. Major Conventional Weapons: Their Global Spread and the Links to War, WMD and Military Spending.

Changing attitudes to Africa’s declining coups | Africa at LSE. I was quite intrigued when a senior French diplomat Stephane Gompertz revealed on a recent trip to LSE that his government had made subtle changes to the way they deal with regimes that seize power by force. It got me thinking about the decline of coup d’états in Africa and the possible reasons. I first heard the word coup d’état at age eight on the BBC World Service. It was 1982 and Hissene Habre had just seized power in Chad. Over the years, I came to hate hearing about coups as they seemed a byword for inhumane atrocities. When I finally had my own experience of a coup about 10 years later, it seemed very tame as Captain Valentine Strasser toppled President Joseph Momoh in what was a largely bloodless overthrow in Freetown, Sierra Leone.

Looking at the graph below it is clear that the 1960s to the 1990s were the heyday of coup d’états with an average of 25 per decade. As democracy has spread across the continent, the sceptre of coups has reduced drastically. Terrorism and Political Violence in Africa: Contemporary Trends in a Shifting Terrain | Forest | Perspectives on Terrorism. Conflict trends (no. 25): Real-time analysis of African political violence, April 2014 - World. Conflict Trends Reports | ACLED. ACCORD - Conflict Trends. ACCORD - CONFLICT TRENDS ISSUES. Mexican Drug War Statistics. Mexico's Drug War. The War On Drugs At A Glance | LEAP. Drug War Statistics | Marijuana Statistics | Mexico Drug War Deaths. Global violence trends. Statistics. Statistics on Violence. History and the Decline of Human Violence. Steven Pinker: Why Violence Is Vanishing - WSJ. Global violence trends.