For a simpler version of this article, see the Simple English Wikipedia article: Magna Carta .
Traditional Chinese law refers to the laws, regulations and rules used in China up to 1911, when the last imperial dynasty fell. It has undergone continuous development since at least the 11th century BC. This legal tradition is distinct from the common law and civil law traditions of the West – as well as Islamic law and classical Hindu law – and to a great extent, is contrary to the concepts of contemporary Chinese law.
Chinese law is one of the oldest legal traditions in the world.
Comparative law is the study of differences and similarities between the law of different countries. More specifically, it involves study of the different legal systems in existence in the world, including the common law , the civil law , socialist law , Islamic law , Hindu law , and Chinese law .
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Sharia ( Arabic : شريعة šarīʿah , IPA: [ʃaˈriːʕa] , " legislation "; sp. shariah , sharīʿah ; [ 1 ] also قانون إسلامي qānūn ʾIslāmī ) is the moral code and religious law of Islam .
Legal systems of the world Bijuridical (civil and common law, also known as mixed jurisdiction) The legal systems of the world today are generally based on one of three basic systems : civil law , common law , and religious law – or combinations of these.
Canon law is the body of laws and regulations made or adopted by ecclesiastical authority (Church leadership), for the government of the Christian organization and its members. It is the internal ecclesiastical law governing the Catholic Church (both Latin Rite and Eastern Catholic Churches ), the Eastern and Oriental Orthodox churches, and the Anglican Communion of churches. [ 1 ] The way that such church law is legislated , interpreted and at times adjudicated varies widely among these three bodies of churches. In all three traditions, a canon was originally a rule adopted by a council ; these canons formed the foundation of canon law.
Civil law (or civilian law ) is a legal system originating in Western Europe , intellectualized within the framework of late Roman law , and whose most prevalent feature is that its core principles are codified into a referable system which serves as the primary source of law.
Roman law is the legal system of ancient Rome , and the legal developments comprising more than a thousand years of jurisprudence from the Twelve Tables (c. 439 BC) to the Corpus Juris Civilis (AD 529) ordered by the emperor Justinian I . The historical importance of Roman law is reflected by the continued use of Latin legal terminology in legal systems influenced by it. After the dissolution of the Western Roman Empire , the Justinian Code remained in effect in the Eastern empire, known in the modern era as the Byzantine Empire (331–1453).