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SIMCITY. Neil wrote this essay for SIMCITY. Cities are not people. But, like people, cities have their own personalities: in some cases one city has many different personalities -- there are a dozen Londons, a crowd of different New Yorks. A city is a collection of lives and buildings, and it has identity and personality. Cities exist in location, and in time. There are good cities -- the ones that welcome you, that seem to care about you, that seem pleased you're in them.

Some cities spread, like cancers or B-movie slime monsters, devouring all in their way, absorbing towns and villages, swallowing boroughs and hamlets, transmuting into boundless conurbations. Occasionally I idle time away by wondering what cities would be like, were they people. It's a foolish game: cities aren't people. Cities exist in location, and they exist in time. At present, cities stay where they are.

For now cities sleep. But there are rumblings. Don't ever take a city for granted. Masdar City. Masdar City will host the headquarters of the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA).[6][7] The city is designed to be a hub for cleantech companies. Its first tenant is the Masdar Institute of Science and Technology, which has been operating in the city since it moved into its campus in September 2010.[8][9][10] The city as a whole was originally intended to be completed by 2016 but due to the impact of the global financial crisis, the date has now been pushed back to between 2020 and 2025. Due to the limitations found during the initial implementation, the city is now aiming to be low carbon.[4][5] Design and intent[edit] Masdar City will be the latest of a small number of highly planned, specialized, research and technology-intensive municipalities that incorporate a living environment, similar to KAUST, Saudi Arabia or Tsukuba Science City, Japan.

Architecture[edit] Masdar is a sustainable mixed-use development designed to be very friendly to pedestrians and cyclists.[22] [edit] Maps. Screen reader users: click here for plain HTML New! Drag and drop to rearrange your apps. Sign in to try it. MoreEven more from Google Sign in Satellite Traffic Photos Terrain Bicycling Exit Edit in Google Map MakerReport a problem Map data ©2014 Google - 2 mi 2 km United States Not your current location? Charleston, South Carolina. Charleston has scores of historic buildings and homes downtown Residential gardens such as this one at the Calhoun Mansion abound in Charleston.

Waterfront Park overlooks Charleston Harbor and offers views of Fort Sumter and the Ravenel Bridge. Founded in 1670 as Charles Towne in honor of King Charles II of England, Charleston adopted its present name in 1783. It moved to its present location on Oyster Point in 1680 from a location on the west bank of the Ashley River known as Albemarle Point. By 1690, Charles Towne was the fifth largest city in North America,[4] and it remained among the ten largest cities in the United States through the 1840 census.[5] With a 2010 census population of 120,083 [6] (and a 2013 estimate of 127,999), current trends put Charleston as the fastest-growing municipality in South Carolina. History[edit] Colonial era (1670–1786)[edit] A 1733 map of Charles Towne, published by Herman Moll, shows the city's defensive walls.

American Revolution (1776–1783)[edit] Ancient Roman architecture. Ancient Roman architecture adopted many aspects of Ancient Greek architecture, creating a new architectural style. The Romans were indebted to their Etruscan neighbors and forefathers who supplied them with a wealth of knowledge essential for future architectural solutions, such as hydraulics in the construction of arches. The Romans absorbed the Greek Architectural influence both directly (e.g. Magna Grecia) and indirectly (e.g. Etruscan Architecture was itself influenced by the Greeks), the influence is evident in many ways; for example, in the introduction and use of the Triclinium in Roman villas as a place and manner of dining. The Romans were also known to employ Greek craftsmen and engineers to construct Roman buildings. Roman Architecture covers the period from the establishment of the Roman Republic in 509BC, to about the 4th century, after which it becomes reclassified as Late Antique or Byzantine architecture.

Context[edit] The arch and the dome[edit] Housing[edit] Washington, D.C. Capital of the United States Federal District in United States Washington, D.C., formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as Washington or D.C., is the capital of the United States.[4] Founded after the American Revolution as the seat of government of the newly independent country, Washington was named after George Washington, first President of the United States and Founding Father.[5] Washington is the principal city of the Washington metropolitan area, which has a population of 6,131,977.[6] As the seat of the United States federal government and several international organizations, the city is an important world political capital.[7] Washington is one of the most visited cities in the world, with more than 20 million annual tourists.[8][9] Washington had an estimated population of 693,972 as of July 2017[update], making it the 20th largest American city by population. All three branches of the U.S. federal government are centered in the District: U.S.

History Climate. Rome. Rome (/ˈroʊm/; Italian: Roma pronounced [ˈroːma] ( ); Latin: Rōma) is a city and special comune (named "Roma Capitale") in Italy. Rome is the capital of Italy and also of the Province of Rome and of the region of Lazio. With 2.7 million residents in 1,285.3 km2 (496.3 sq mi), it is also the country's largest and most populated comune and fourth-most populous city in the European Union by population within city limits. The urban area of Rome extends beyond the administrative city limits with a population of around 3.8 million.[2] Between 3.2 and 4.2 million people live in Rome metropolitan area.[3][4][5][6][7] The city is located in the central-western portion of the Italian Peninsula, on the Tiber within Lazio (Latium). Etymology About the origin of the name Roma several hypotheses have been advanced.[15] The most important are the following: History Earliest history Legend of the Founding of Rome Monarchy, republic, empire Map depicting late ancient Rome.

Middle Ages Early modern. Federal Bureau of Investigation. The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) is a governmental agency belonging to the United States Department of Justice that serves as both a federal criminal investigative body and an internal intelligence agency (counterintelligence). Also, it is the government agency responsible for investigating crimes on Native American reservations in the United States[2] under the Major Crimes Act. The FBI has investigative jurisdiction over violations of more than 200 categories of federal crime.[3] The bureau was established in 1908 as the Bureau of Investigation (BOI). Its name was changed to the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) in 1935. Budget, mission and priorities In the fiscal year 2012, the bureau's total budget was approximately $8.12 billion.[4] Currently, the FBI's top investigative priorities are:[5] In August 2007, the top categories of lead criminal charges resulting from FBI investigations were:[6] Indian reservations Legal authority History Background Creation J.

National security. New York City. New York is the most populous city in the United States and the center of the New York metropolitan area, one of the most populous urban agglomerations in the world.[6] The city is referred to as New York City or the City of New York to distinguish it from the State of New York, of which it is a part. A global power city,[7] New York exerts a significant impact upon commerce, finance, media, art, fashion, research, technology, education, and entertainment. The home of the United Nations Headquarters,[8] New York is an important center for international diplomacy[9] and has been described as the cultural capital of the world.[10][11] History Early history The first documented visit by a European was in 1524 by Giovanni da Verrazzano, a Florentine explorer in the service of the French crown, who sailed his ship La Dauphine into New York Harbor.

He claimed the area for France and named it "Nouvelle Angoulême" (New Angoulême).[50] Architecture of New York City. The building form most closely associated with New York City is the skyscraper , which has controversially shifted many commercial and residential districts from low-rise to high-rise. Surrounded mostly by water, the city has amassed one of the largest and most varied collection of skyscrapers in the world . [ 1 ] New York has architecturally significant buildings in a wide range of styles spanning distinct historical and cultural periods. These include the Woolworth Building (1913), an early Gothic revival skyscraper with large-scale gothic architectural detail.

The 1916 Zoning Resolution required setback in new buildings, and restricted towers to a percentage of the lot size, to allow sunlight to reach the streets below. [ 2 ] The Art Deco design of the Chrysler Building (1930) and Empire State Building (1931), with their tapered tops and steel spires, reflected the zoning requirements. [[Image:NY043[1].jpg]] New York City has a long history of tall buildings. . [ edit ] Street grid. List of Ghost in the Shell characters. This is a list of fictional characters in the anime, manga, and film series Ghost in the Shell created by Masamune Shirow. Public Security Section 9 members[edit] Director[edit] Chief Daisuke Aramaki[edit] Voiced by: Osamu Saka (films, SAC) and Ikkyu Jyuku (ARISE) (Japanese), William Frederick Knight (English) Lt.

Col. Daisuke Aramaki (荒巻 大輔, Aramaki Daisuke?) In Stand Alone Complex, Lt. In 2nd GIG, Aramaki uses his political connections and no small amount of bargaining with the new prime minister to get Section 9 reinstated. It is revealed in Mamoru Oshii's Ghost In The Shell that Aramaki, together with Togusa, are the only fully human members of Section 9 (aside from a cyberbrain). In the Stand Alone Complex Visual Book released by Hobby Japan, Aramaki's hair was poked at for fun in one comic strip when Batou makes some comments about it. Officers[edit] Major Motoko Kusanagi[edit] Batou[edit] Batou (バトー, Batō?) Batou keeps his life away from work mostly unknown.

Batou is also a chain smoker. The Following. Overview[edit] The Following's first season centers on former FBI agent Ryan Hardy (Kevin Bacon) and his attempts to re-capture serial killer Joe Carroll (James Purefoy) following the latter's escape from prison. Hardy soon discovers that Carroll has surrounded himself with a group of like-minded individuals, whom he met while teaching and while in prison, and turned them into a cult of fanatical killers, including his right-hand, Emma Hill (Valorie Curry). When Carroll's son Joey Matthews (Kyle Catlett) is abducted by his father's followers, Mike Weston (Shawn Ashmore), Debra Parker (Annie Parisse) and the rest of the FBI discover that it is the first step in a wider plan for Carroll to escape custody, humiliate Hardy, and be reunited with his ex-wife Claire Matthews (Natalie Zea).

Cast and characters[edit] Main cast[edit] Recurring cast[edit] Production[edit] Conception[edit] Williamson knew he wanted to produce a show that would be gory and knew it would be controversial. Writing[edit] World of Ghost in the Shell. The anime and manga series Ghost in the Shell takes place in a cyberpunk version of Earth in the near future.

The series focuses on Japan, but several other nations figure prominently in some stories. The world of Ghost in the Shell features significant advances in technology, the most significant of which is the cyberbrain, a mechanical casing for the human brain that allows mental interface with the Internet and other networks. Technology[edit] Cyberbrains[edit] A cyberbrain (電脳, dennō?) The process of augmentation of the brain in this fashion is referred to in the series as "cyberization" (電脳化, dennōka?). Minimal cyberization, for the purposes of external memory and wireless communication, leaving the brain itself essentially identical to its biological form. Drawbacks[edit] Cyborgs[edit] In Ghost in the Shell, a "cyborg" (サイボーグ, saibōgu?)

Thermo-Optical camouflage[edit] An important technology used in the series is thermo-optical camouflage (光学迷彩, kōgaku meisai?). Think tanks[edit] 10 Beautiful Places In The World That Actually Exist. A closer look at communities thriving in unexpected places. In Caracas, the capital of Venezuela, nearly 70 percent of the population lives in slums that appear to drape like silk over every hill of the city. Iwan Baan: Ingenious homes in unexpected placesIwan Baan is not as interested in what architects build as he is in the beautiful ways that people appropriate the spaces once the planners are gone.

In today’s talk, Baan — whose breathtaking image of lower Manhattan after Hurricane Sandy hangs on at least one of our walls — shows incredible images from communities thriving in ways that seem quite opposite to the uniformity of suburbs. First, Baan takes us to Chandigarh, India, where people inhabit buildings created by modernist architects Le Corbusier in very different ways than expected.

Then, Baan takes us to Caracas, Venezuela, where an abandoned 45-story building has become a miniature city. Baan’s talk will have you marveling at human ingenuity. With no lifts or escalators, the tower is essentially a forty-five-story walk up. Caves of Wonder. A series of massive caves was recently discovered in Vietnam. The passage into the caves is about 300 feet wide and nearly 800 feet tall.

And that's just the lobby. Inside the depths of the largest of the caves sits a real live jungle! This is potentially the largest cave in the world, and it was only recently discovered. What an incredible and awe-inspiring discovery that speaks to how little we really know about our world. As we currently focus so much of our attention on what we need to do to heal and fix the state of our environment, there is potential to lose perspective on who is the true parent in this situation.

Although it is our responsibility to live mindfully and sustainably, still it is this earth who is our mother, and not the other way around. A green roof! Sustainable Green Buildings - Earthship Biotecture. An imaginary city that changed the twentieth century.