Command-line interface. Command-line interfaces to computer operating systems are less widely used by casual computer users, who favor graphical user interfaces.
Command-line interfaces are often preferred by more advanced computer users, as they often provide a more concise and powerful means to control a program or operating system. Programs with command-line interfaces are generally easier to automate via scripting. Operating system command-line interfaces Operating system (OS) command line interfaces are usually distinct programs supplied with the operating system. Application command-line interfaces Application programs (as opposed to operating systems) may also have command line interfaces. An application program may support none, any, or all of these three major types of command line interface mechanisms: Parameters: Most operating systems support a means to pass additional information to a program when it is launched. CLI software Hybrid software History Usage Web.
Information silo. An information silo is an insular management system incapable of reciprocal operation with other, related information systems.
Etymology The term functional silo syndrome was coined in 1988 by Phil S. Ensor who worked in organizational development and employee relations for Goodyear Tire and Rubber Company, Eaton Corporation, and as a consultant. "Silo" and "stovepipe" are now used interchangeably and applied broadly. Phil Ensor's use of the term "silo" reflects his rural Illinois origins and the many grain silos he would pass on return visits as he contemplated the challenges of the modern organizations with which he worked. See also References External links The silo effect in business.