Mental Health

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Self Esteem. Anything to Stop the Pain – For Non-Borderlines – Loved Ones of. Borderline personality disorder - Wikipedia, the free encycloped. The disorder is recognized by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders.

Borderline personality disorder - Wikipedia, the free encycloped

Because a personality disorder is a pervasive, enduring and inflexible pattern of maladaptive inner experience and pathological behaviour, there is a general reluctance to diagnose personality disorders before adolescence or early adulthood.[5] However some emphasize that without early treatment symptoms may worsen.[6] There is an ongoing debate about the terminology of this disorder, especially the suitability of the word "borderline".[7][8] The ICD-10 manual refers to the disorder as Emotionally unstable personality disorder and has similar diagnostic criteria.

There is related concern that the diagnosis of BPD stigmatizes people with BPD and supports discriminatory practices because it suggests that the personality of the individual is flawed.[9] In the DSM-5 the name of the disorder remains the same.[5] Suicide. The most commonly used method of suicide varies by country and is partly related to availability.


Common methods include: hanging, pesticide poisoning, and firearms. Around 800,000 to a million people die by suicide every year, making it the 10th leading cause of death worldwide.[2][3] Rates are higher in men than in women, with males three to four times more likely to kill themselves than females.[4] There are an estimated 10 to 20 million non-fatal attempted suicides every year.[5] Attempts are more common in young people and females. Suicide and attempted suicide, while previously criminally punishable, is no longer in most Western countries. It remains a criminal offense in many countries. Self-harm. Self-harm (SH) or deliberate self-harm (DSH) includes self-injury (SI) and self-poisoning and is defined as the intentional, direct injuring of body tissue most often done without suicidal intentions.


These terms are used in the more recent literature in an attempt to reach a more neutral terminology. The older literature, especially that which predates the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV-TR), almost exclusively refers to self-mutilation. The term self-harm is synonymous with the term self-injury.[1][2][3]