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Sciences Industrielles

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Strategic planning. Strategic planning is an organization's process of defining its strategy, or direction, and making decisions on allocating its resources to pursue this strategy.

Strategic planning

In order to determine the future direction of the organization, it is necessary to understand its current position and the possible avenues through which it can pursue particular courses of action. Generally, strategic planning deals with at least one of three key questions:[1] "What do we do? ""For whom do we do it? ""How do we excel? " George Friedman in The Next 100 Years summarises "the fundamental principle of strategic planning: hope for the best, plan for the worst".[2] Key components[edit] Organizations sometimes summarize goals and objectives into a mission statement or a vision statement.

Tools and approaches[edit] Tools include: Situational analysis[edit] There are several factors to assess in the external situation analysis: It is rare to find all seven of these factors having critical importance. Mind map. This article is about the diagram.

Mind map

For the geographical concept, see Mental mapping. Hand-drawn and computer-drawn variations of a mind map. A mind map is a diagram used to visually organize information. A mind map is often created around a single concept, drawn as an image in the center of a blank landscape page, to which associated representations of ideas such as images, words and parts of words are added. Major ideas are connected directly to the central concept, and other ideas branch out from those.

Mind maps can be drawn by hand, either as "rough notes" during a lecture, meeting or planning session, for example, or as higher quality pictures when more time is available. Mind maps are considered to be a type of spider diagram.[1] A similar concept in the 1970s was "idea sun bursting".[2] Origins[edit] The semantic network was developed in the late 1950s as a theory to understand human learning and developed further by Allan M. Popularisation of the term "mind map"[edit] QR Code. Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre.

QR Code

Pour les articles homonymes, voir QR. Publié au Japon en 1999 sous un format de données libre, le code QR fait l'objet d'une normalisation ISO 18004. En France, les opérateurs de téléphonie mobile ont créé le format flashcode, mais sont les seuls à l'utiliser. Histoire[modifier | modifier le code] Origine[modifier | modifier le code] Il est rendu public en 1999: Denso-Wave publie le QR Code sous licence libre[2] ; cela a contribué à la diffusion du code au Japon.

Il existe aussi de nombreux autres fournisseurs de générateurs et de lecteurs. Normes et licences[modifier | modifier le code] En 1999, tout en conservant les droits du brevet, Denso-Wave accorde l'utilisation du QR Code avec une licence libre, défini et publié en tant que norme ISO[4]. Du côté applicatif, il y a des variations entre les mises en œuvre. Fonctionnement[modifier | modifier le code] L'avantage du QR Code est sa facilité et sa rapidité d'utilisation et de création. Structure :