Economic Impacts of Immigration
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I am not an economist. As an anthropologist, I have been trying to write about things like cultural difference and the need for mutual respect across differences in our pluralistic nation. So it fascinates me that comments on my posts repeatedly, and often irrelevantly, argue that undocumented immigrants are taking jobs away from Americans, or that the costs of illegal immigration are bankrupting states and localities.
Gilles Saint-Paul Parution : 30.06.2009 La question migratoire est devenue un enjeu majeur de la politique de l’Union européenne et la plupart de ses pays membres ont entrepris des réformes en faveur d’une immigration de travail qualifiée. Gilles Saint-Paul apporte un certain nombre d’éclairages théoriques sur les liens entre immigration et marché du travail, qui sont autant de réponses à des questions souvent négligées dans le débat social. Y-a-t-il un gain net à l’immigration pour le pays d’accueil ?
Never mind the stimulus vs austerity debate: here’s something that both sides should be able to get behind. It’s a simple legislative fix which increases tax revenues without raising taxes; which increases the demand for housing; which increases the economy’s productive capacity; and which boosts wages for American workers. It’s about as Pareto-optimal as legislation gets. So let’s open the borders, and encourage much more immigration into the US! The SF Fed’s Giovanni Peri has the latest research on the subject:
I have a plan that will raise wages, lower prices, increase the nation's stock of scientists and engineers, and maybe even create the next Google. Better yet, this plan won't cost the government a dime. In fact, it'll save money. A lot of money. But few politicians are going to want to touch it.
The Hamilton Project believes it is important to ground the current immigration debate in an objective economic framework based on the best available evidence. In this policy memo, we explore some of the questions frequently raised around immigration in the United States and provide facts drawn from publicly available data sets and the academic literature. Most Americans agree that the current U.S. immigration system is flawed.
The effects of immigration on the total output and income of the U.S. economy can be studied by comparing output per worker and employment in states that have had large immigrant inflows with data from states that have few new foreign-born workers. Statistical analysis of state-level data shows that immigrants expand the economy's productive capacity by stimulating investment and promoting specialization. This produces efficiency gains and boosts income per worker. At the same time, evidence is scant that immigrants diminish the employment opportunities of U.S.