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Anthony Michael "Tony" Bourdain (born June 25, 1956) is an American chef , author, and television personality . He is well known for his 2000 book Kitchen Confidential: Adventures in the Culinary Underbelly , and is the host of Travel Channel 's culinary and cultural adventure programs Anthony Bourdain: No Reservations and The Layover . A 1978 graduate of the Culinary Institute of America and a veteran of numerous professional kitchens, [ 1 ] Bourdain was a chef-at-large, [ 2 ] whose home base was Brasserie Les Halles , New York. [ 3 ] [ edit ] Early life and family
Piagets Cognitive approach
Social interactionist theory is a claim that language development occurs in the context of social interaction between the developing child and knowledgeable adults who model language usage and "scaffold" the child's attempts to master language. This type of theory is strongly influenced by the socio-cultural theories of the Soviet psychologist Lev Vygotsky. A major theorist is Jerome Bruner who has published extensively within this tradition. [ edit ] Initial stages The Social Interactionist approach to language acquisition research has focused on three areas, namely the cognitive approach to language acquisition or the developmental cognitive theory of Jean Piaget , the information processing approach or the information processing model of Brian MacWhinney and Elizabeth Bates (the competition model ), and the social interactionist approach or social interaction model of Lev Vygotsky (socio-cultural theory).
Language development is a process starting early in human life. Infants start without language, yet by 4 months of age, babies can discriminate speech sounds and engage in babbling . Some research has shown that the earliest learning begins in utero when the fetus starts to recognize the sounds and speech patterns of its mother's voice.