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Description of the SDG and the SDG in an Australian context

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Improved water source (% of population with access) Home National Water Initiative - Department of Agriculture and Water Resources. ​​The National Water Initiative (NWI), agreed in 2004 by the Council of Australian Governments (COAG), is the national blueprint for water reform. See Intergovernmental agreement on a National Water Initiative (PDF 348 KB) Building on the 1994 COAG Water Reform Framework, the NWI is a shared commitment by governments to increase the efficiency of Australia's water use, leading to greater certainty for investment and productivity, for rural and urban communities and for the environment. Under the NWI, governments have made commitments to: prepare comprehensive water plansachieve sustainable water use in over-allocated or stressed water systemsintroduce registers of water rights and standards for water accountingexpand trade in water rightsimprove pricing for water storage and deliverybetter manage urban water demands.

NWI triennial assessments The amendment of the National Water Commission Act 2004 in 2012 changed the timeframes for NWI assessments. NWI biennial assessments. Water in Australia 2013-14 summary: Water Information: Bureau of Meteorology. Water in Australia provides a country wide picture of water availability and use in a particular financial year. It addresses: Water in Australia builds on the former biennial Australian Water Resource Assessment and the annual National Water Account summary and improves these by being an annual assessment that covers the whole of Australia.

Read the full Water in Australia 2013–14 report (5.2MB) You can also access all data used in the report through Regional Water Information, and download high resolution images. For more recent information, the Monthly Water Update provides a regular snapshot of rainfall and streamflow for the previous month. For further information, please contact us. Physical water resource conditions Australia has highly variable rainfall from region to region and year to year. Rainfall patterns across Australia have changed significantly since 1950.

In contrast, rainfall has declined along the west coast and most of eastern Australia. Figure S1. Water available for use. It’s a fallacy that all Australians have access to clean water, sanitation and hygiene. Nations are gathering in New York this week to discuss the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), which aim to improve health, wealth and well-being for countries both rich and poor. As a developed nation, it might be assumed that Australia will easily meet these new goals at home – including goal number 6, to ensure “availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all”. But the unpalatable truth is that many Australians still lack access to clean water and effective sanitation. The World Bank’s Development Indicators list Australia as having 100% access to clean water and effective sanitation. But a discussion paper we released last week with our colleagues outlines how some remote Aboriginal communities struggle to meet Australian water standards.

Making water safe High standards of health and well-being are unattainable without safe, clean drinking water, removal of toilet waste from the local environment, and healthy hygiene behaviours. 2012. Goal 6: Clean Water & Sanitation. <a id="mobile-version-link" class="mobile-version-link" href=" the mobile version of</a> Targets. Access to clean water and sanitation around the world – mapped | Global Development Professionals Network. Around the world, 946 million people still go to the toilet outside. Eritrea is top of the list, with 77% of its population practising open defecation, a practice which can lead to the contamination of drinking water sources, and the spread of diseases such as cholera, diarrhoea, dysentry, hepatitis A and typhoid. A huge global effort has been focused on reducing these numbers and new data from the WHO/Unicef Joint Monitoring Programme, which has measured the progress made on access to drinking water and sanitation since 1990, shows that there have been improvements in certain areas.

Eritrea’s neighbour Ethiopia has achieved the largest decrease in the proportion of the population practising open defecation, from 92% in 1990 to 29% in 2015. “Ethiopia has made a concerted effort to reduce open defecation rates over the past five years,” says Tim Brewer, Wateraid’s policy analyst on monitoring and accountability. Nine in 10 people who practice open defecation live in rural areas. 4613.0 - Australia's Environment: Issues and Trends, 2006. Drinking water quality in Australia is high by world standards, considering that globally more than one billion people still do not have access to safe drinking water. In Australia, 93% of households were connected to mains/town water in March 2004. Almost all households (98%) in capital cities were connected, compared with 85% of households outside of capital cities.

This discrepancy was largest in Tasmania, where 96% of households in Hobart were connected to mains/town water, compared with 77% for the rest of the state. In capital cities, 89% of households relied on mains/town water as their main source of drinking water while in regional areas this dropped to 67% of households. South Australians were least reliant on mains as their main source of water for drinking (60% in 2004) although this had increased significantly from 50% in 2001.

Note: NT and ACT data refers to the whole territory.Source: ABS, Environmental Issues: People’s Views and Practices, 2004 (cat. no. 4602.0). Australian Indigenous HealthBulletin : Environmental health challenges in remote Aboriginal Australian communities: clean air, clean water and safe housing. Environmental health challenges in remote Aboriginal Australian communities: clean air, clean water and safe housing Holly D.

Clifford1*, Glenn Pearson1, Peter Franklin1,2, Roz Walker1, Graeme R. Zosky3 Environmental health challenges in remote Aboriginal Australian communities: clean air, clean water and safe housing. Australian Indigenous HealthBulletin 15(2). Retrieved [access date] from 1Telethon Kids Institute, University of Western Australia, Perth, Western Australia2School of Paediatrics and Child Health, University of Western Australia, Perth, Western Australia3School of Medicine, University of Tasmania, Hobart, Tasmania*Corresponding author: Dr Holly D. View PDF version (PDF – 1.1 MB) Abstract Outside of smoking and alcohol, many other factors may also account for the disease disparities with non-Aboriginal groups.

Figure 1. 1. Water and Sanitation - United Nations Sustainable Development. Water and SanitationFlorencia Soto Nino2016-08-17T17:54:39+00:00 Share this story, choose your platform! Clean, accessible water for all is an essential part of the world we want to live in. There is sufficient fresh water on the planet to achieve this. But due to bad economics or poor infrastructure, every year millions of people, most of them children, die from diseases associated with inadequate water supply, sanitation and hygiene. Water scarcity, poor water quality and inadequate sanitation negatively impact food security, livelihood choices and educational opportunities for poor families across the world. Drought afflicts some of the world’s poorest countries, worsening hunger and malnutrition.

By 2050, at least one in four people is likely to live in a country affected by chronic or recurring shortages of fresh water. Children’s access to safe water and sanitation is a right, not a privilege – UNICEF Read More “None should imagine that the state of sanitation […] Read More Read More. The Sustainable Development Goals Explained: Clean Water and Sanitation.